All India Students' Federation
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|Formation||12 August 1936Lucknow, United Province, British Raj,|
|Headquarters||4/7, Asaf Ali Road, New Delhi-110002, India |
The All India Students' Federation (AISF) is the oldest surviving student organisation in India; it was founded on 12 August 1936 with the guidance of freedom fighters and revolutionaries of that time.
The foundation conference of the AISF was held at Ganga Prasad Memorial Hall in Lucknow. 936 delegates from all over the country participated in the conference. The conference was inaugurated by Jawaharlal Nehru while M.A. Jinnah presided. The conference resolved to establish an All India Students Federation (AISF). Prem Narayan Bhargava was elected the first general secretary of the AISF.
The second conference of the AISF was held after a short interval of only three months, beginning on 22 November (1936) in Lahore. It mainly discussed and adopted the constitution of the AISF. The conference was attended by about 150 delegates under the presidency of Sarat Chandra Bose, who called upon the students to derive inspiration from the Russian revolution. The conference was also addressed by Pt Govind Ballabh Pant. It through a resolution condemned the intervention by Nazi Germany into the affairs of Republican Spain. The conference decided to affiliate the AISF with the World Students’ Association.
Hemu Kalani, an AISF leader, was arrested by the British army in 1942 for leading the Quit India Movement and he was publicly hanged in 1943 at the age of nineteen. AISF leader Kanaklata Barua was a martyrdom student who participated in the freedom struggle.
The historic Naval uprising took place in Bombay in February 1946. Workers and students also came out in support actively. AISF played an active part in mobilizing students in support of the Naval Ratings.
AISF in independent India
After independence, AISF concentrated its activities mainly on educational issues, anti-imperialist and anti-feudal struggle. It addressed various daily problems of students after independence and worked for students’ unity against communal threats. AISF played a main role in the Telangana armed struggle against the imperialism of the Nizam of Hyderabad.
AISF continued to fight for Indian unity leading to liberation of Goa. Satyagrahis from all over the country entered Goa on 15 August 1955 and were fired upon. 23 year old Karnail Singh Benipal was killed when he tried to save his leader V.D. Chitale The general secretary of the AISF Sukhendu Mazumdar was present with AISF leader C.K. Chandrappan on 15 August at the Goa border, to help the student satyagrahis.
In the 1980s, during the Khalistan movement, AISF under the leadership of its former General Secretary Satyapal Dang underwent armed training to counter Khalistan militants, with his base at Ekta Bhawan, a centre he had built in Chheharta. Harpal Mohali who was the AISF leader from Mohali lead movements in Punjab University. In response to his attempt to counter Khalistan ideologically he was shot by the militants and got paralyzed. A lot of AISF activists lost their lives in the struggle against Khalistan separatism.
Presence in states
AISF has strong presence in few states like Kerala, Bihar, West Bengal, Tripura, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Assam, Odisha, Uttarpradesh, Maharashtra, New Delhi, and Punjab and in many universities in the country.
Presently AISF active in all universities in India, like Jawaharlal Nehru University, Jamia Millia Islamia, Delhi University in Delhi, Patna University in Bihar, Punjabi University in Punjab, Presidency University in West Bengal, Jammu University in Jammu Kashmir, Central University of Kerala in Kerala, Sree Sankaracharya University of Sanskrit in Kerala, Osmania University in Telangana, University of Hyderabad in Telangana, Pondicherry University in Puducherry, Madras University in Tamil Nadu Kurukshetra University in Haryana, Cochin University of Science and Technology in Kerala, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay in Maharashtra and Lucknow University in Uttar Pradesh.
Protest and demands
- AISF has protested against the National Education Policy, 2019, and hike in fees.
- AISF members took part and organised multiple Citizenship Amendment Act protests in 2019.
- During the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown in India, demanded their inclusion in essential commodities in various states. AISF set up COVID-19 helpline numbers in various states to help stranded students. AISF also distributed face masks and hand sanitisers.
- AISF hold hunger strike in August 2021, demand fresh job calendar in Andhra Pradesh.
- AISF has protested against the privatization of schools and colleges in Andhra Pradesh.
- AISF activists take protest against alleged erroneous results of the Railway Recruitment Board's Non-Technical Popular Categories (RRB NTPC) exam, during Bihar Bandh, in Patna on 28 January 2022.
- AISF organised a national convention “Reject NEP 2020” against the National Education Policy (NEP) on 15 May 2022 at Chennai. The convention called for a united struggle of students and teachers of all educational institutions for the withdrawal of the NEP, the National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) and the Central Universities Common Entrance Test (CUET).
AISF has actively supported LGBTQIA+ rights. AISF state committee member Nadira Mehrin is the first transgender person to contest in a student's union election under Kerala University. And she also contested as chairperson candidate for AISF in the elections of Sree Sankaracharya University of Sanskrit (SSUS). In a first, a transgender youth is leading the candidates' panel for a university election in the state.
Motto and organisational structure
The organisation now works for the betterment of students with its focus on peace, progress and scientific socialism. The motto "Freedom, Peace and Progress", which had been raised since its formation, was amended at the 1958 National Convention. Since then, the AISF has come up with the motto "Study & Struggle".
The administrative structure of the federation is as follows:
- National executive body
- State executive body
- State administrative body
- District administrative body
- Block level committee
- Institutions level unions
AISF National Conferences
|National Conference||Year||Place||General Secretary||President|
|12–13 August 1936||Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh)||Prem Narayan Bhargava|
|2||22 November 1936||Lahore||Prem Narayan Bhargava|
|3||1–3 January 1938||Madras||Ansar Harvani|
|4||1–2 January 1939||Calcutta||M.L.Shah|
|5||1–2 January 1940||Delhi||M.L.Shah|
|6||25–26 December 1940||Nagpur||M. Farooqui|
|7||31 December 1941 to 1 January 1942||Patna||Perin Bharucha|
|8||28–31 December 1944||Calcutta||Satyapal Dang|
|9||20 January 1946||Guntur||Satyapal Dang|
|10||3 January 1947||Delhi||Annada Shankar Bhattacharya|
|11||29–31 December 1947||Bombay||Annada Shankar Bhattacharya||Satyapal Dang|
|12||23–27 July 1949||Calcutta||Annada Shankar Bhattacharya||Susheela Madiman|
|1950||Calcutta||Sukhendu Mazumdar (Acting general secretary)||Susheela Madiman|
|1952||Calcutta||Annada Shankar Bhattacharya||Susheela Madiman|
|13||1–5 January 1953||Hyderabad||N.R. Dasari||Harish Chandra Tiwari|
|14||5–8 January 1955||Lucknow||Sukhendu Mazumdar||B. Narsingha Rao|
|15||2–4 January 1959||Udaipur||Hiren Dasgupta||Vidyasagar Nautiyal|
|16||25–27 October 1961,
but it could not be held due to natural disaster
|17||29 December 1965 – 2 January 1966||Pondicherry||S. Sudhakar Reddy||Joginder Singh Dayal|
|18||21–23 December 1969||New Delhi||Ranjit Guha||Bant Singh Brar|
|19||20 January 1974||Cochin||Aziz Pasha||Shambhu Sharan Shrivastava|
|20||1–9 February 1979||Ludhiana||Amarjeet Kaur||Atul Kumar Anjan|
|21||28–31 January 1983||Trichy||Amarjeet Kaur||Atul Kumar Anjan|
|22||13–16 December 1985||Guntur||T. Laxminarayana||Ravindra Nath Rai|
|23||15–18 February 1991||Bokaro||Soni Thengamom||Ravindra Nath Rai|
|24||7–9 February 1996||Hyderabad||T. Srinivas||Rahul Bhaiji|
|25||18–21 October 2000||Jalandhar||Vijendra Kesari||T. Srinivas,|
|26||3–6 January 2006||Chennai||Vijendra Kesari||P. Muralidhar,|
Jinu Zakariya Oommen
|27||13-15 February 2010||Puducherry||Abhay Taksal||Paramjit Dhaban|
|28||28–30 November 2013||Hyderabad||Vishwajeet Kumar||Valli Ullah Khadri|
|29||27–30 September 2018||Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh||Vicky Mahesari||Shuvam Banerjee|
In 29th National Conference held in September 2018 at Anantapur (Andhra Pradesh) Shuvam Banerjee of West Bengal was elected as New National President, Vicky Mahesari from Punjab was elected as New General Secretary of AISF. In Jawaharlal Nehru University Students' Union 2019–20, Md. Danish was elected the joint secretary with huge majority.
- Inder Kumar Gujral - Former Prime Minister of India
- Karpoori Thakur - Former Chief Minister of Bihar
- P. K. Vasudevan Nair - Former Chief Minister of Kerala
- A. B. Bardhan - Former General secretary of the Communist Party of India
- C. K. Chandrappan - Parliamentarian
- Biswanath Mukherjee - Former leader of the Communist Party of India and one of the founder of AISF in Bengal.
- Aruna Asaf Ali- Indian educator
- Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy - Former General secretary of the Communist Party of India.
- D. Raja - Present General secretary of the Communist Party of India.
- Amarjeet Kaur - General Secretary of AITUC
- Hemu Kalani - Sindh Freedom fighter and Student leader, who was hanged to death by British
- Satyapal Dang - Former minister in the government of Punjab
- Kanaklata Barua - Freedom fighter
- Atul Kumar Anjan - senior CPI leader and national secretary.
- Kanhaiya Kumar - Former President of the Jawaharlal Nehru University Students' Union
- O. N. V. Kurup – Malayalam poet & former leader
- Malayattoor Ramakrishnan – Malayalam writer & former leader
- Biswanath Mukherjee - one of the founder of AISF in West Bengal and former MLA
- M. Vijayan - Indian structural biologist
- Binoy Viswam - National secretary of AISF and Former minister in the Government of Kerala
- Rajaji Mathew Thomas - Former Vice President of World Federation of Democratic Youth (WFDY) and Former MLA in Kerala
- V. S. Sunil Kumar - Former Minister of Agriculture in Kerala
- K. Rajan - Minister of Revenue in Kerala
- P. Prasad - Minister of Agriculture in Kerala
- Muhammed Muhsin - Member of the Kerala Legislative Assembly representing Pattambi constituency
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