All India Students' Federation

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All India Students' Federation
AbbreviationAISF
Formation12 August 1936 (86 years ago) (1936-08-12), Lucknow, United Province, British Raj
TypeStudent organisation
PurposeScientific socialism[1]
Headquarters4/7, Asaf Ali Road, New Delhi-110002, India [2]
Location
President
Shuvam Banerjee
General Secretary
Vicky Mahesari
Main organ
Student's Action[3]
Affiliations
Websiteaisf.org.in

The All India Students' Federation (AISF) is the oldest surviving student organisation in India; it was founded on 12 August 1936 with the guidance of freedom fighters and revolutionaries of that time.[4][5]

History[edit]

The foundation conference of the AISF was held at Ganga Prasad Memorial Hall in Lucknow. 936 delegates from all over the country participated in the conference.[6] The conference was inaugurated by Jawaharlal Nehru while M.A. Jinnah presided. The conference resolved to establish an All India Students Federation (AISF). Prem Narayan Bhargava was elected the first general secretary of the AISF.[6]

The second conference of the AISF was held after a short interval of only three months, beginning on 22 November (1936) in Lahore. It mainly discussed and adopted the constitution of the AISF. The conference was attended by about 150 delegates under the presidency of Sarat Chandra Bose, who called upon the students to derive inspiration from the Russian revolution. The conference was also addressed by Pt Govind Ballabh Pant. It through a resolution condemned the intervention by Nazi Germany into the affairs of Republican Spain. The conference decided to affiliate the AISF with the World Students’ Association.

Hemu Kalani, an AISF leader, was arrested by the British army in 1942 for leading the Quit India Movement and he was publicly hanged in 1943 at the age of nineteen. AISF leader Kanaklata Barua was a martyrdom student who participated in the freedom struggle.[7]

AISF delegation visited the state and engaged in the relief activities of the Bengal famine of 1943.[8]

The historic Naval uprising took place in Bombay in February 1946. Workers and students also came out in support actively. AISF played an active part in mobilizing students in support of the Naval Ratings.[7]

AISF in independent India[edit]

After independence, AISF concentrated its activities mainly on educational issues, anti-imperialist and anti-feudal struggle. It addressed various daily problems of students after independence and worked for students’ unity against communal threats. AISF played a main role in the Telangana armed struggle against the imperialism of the Nizam of Hyderabad.[9]

AISF continued to fight for Indian unity leading to liberation of Goa. Satyagrahis from all over the country entered Goa on 15 August 1955 and were fired upon. 23 year old Karnail Singh Benipal was killed when he tried to save his leader V.D. Chitale[10] The general secretary of the AISF Sukhendu Mazumdar was present with AISF leader C.K. Chandrappan on 15 August at the Goa border, to help the student satyagrahis.[11]

The AISF played a huge role in completing the Kothari Commission report which is the basis for all the educational reforms in India.[12]

In the 1980s, during the Khalistan movement, AISF under the leadership of its former General Secretary Satyapal Dang underwent armed training to counter Khalistan militants, with his base at Ekta Bhawan, a centre he had built in Chheharta.[13] Harpal Mohali who was the AISF leader from Mohali lead movements in Punjab University. In response to his attempt to counter Khalistan ideologically he was shot by the militants and got paralyzed. A lot of AISF activists lost their lives in the struggle against Khalistan separatism.[13]

Presence in states[edit]

AISF has strong presence in few states like Kerala, Bihar, West Bengal, Tripura, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Assam, Odisha, Uttarpradesh, Maharashtra, New Delhi, and Punjab and in many universities in the country.

Presently AISF active in all universities in India, like Jawaharlal Nehru University, Jamia Millia Islamia, Delhi University in Delhi, Patna University in Bihar, Punjabi University in Punjab, Presidency University in West Bengal, Jammu University in Jammu Kashmir, Central University of Kerala in Kerala, Sree Sankaracharya University of Sanskrit in Kerala, Osmania University in Telangana, University of Hyderabad in Telangana, Pondicherry University in Puducherry, Madras University in Tamil Nadu Kurukshetra University in Haryana, Cochin University of Science and Technology in Kerala, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay in Maharashtra and Lucknow University in Uttar Pradesh.

Activities[edit]

Protest and demands[edit]

  • AISF has protested against the National Education Policy, 2019,[14] and hike in fees.[15][16][17][18]
  • AISF members took part and organised multiple Citizenship Amendment Act protests in 2019.[19][20][21][22]
  • During the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown in India, demanded their inclusion in essential commodities in various states.[23] AISF set up COVID-19 helpline numbers in various states to help stranded students.[24] AISF also distributed face masks and hand sanitisers.[25][26]
  • AISF hold hunger strike in August 2021, demand fresh job calendar in Andhra Pradesh.[27]
  • AISF has protested against the privatization of schools and colleges in Andhra Pradesh.[28]
  • AISF activists take protest against alleged erroneous results of the Railway Recruitment Board's Non-Technical Popular Categories (RRB NTPC) exam, during Bihar Bandh, in Patna on 28 January 2022.[29][30][31]
  • AISF organised a national convention “Reject NEP 2020” against the National Education Policy (NEP) on 15 May 2022 at Chennai. The convention called for a united struggle of students and teachers of all educational institutions for the withdrawal of the NEP, the National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) and the Central Universities Common Entrance Test (CUET).[32][33]

Other social works[edit]

AISF runs Sramajibi Canteen and involves in various social works.[34]

LGBTQIA+ issues[edit]

AISF has actively supported LGBTQIA+ rights. AISF state committee member Nadira Mehrin is the first transgender person to contest in a student's union election under Kerala University.[35][36] And she also contested as chairperson candidate for AISF in the elections of Sree Sankaracharya University of Sanskrit (SSUS). In a first, a transgender youth is leading the candidates' panel for a university election in the state.[37][38][39]

Motto and organisational structure[edit]

The organisation now works for the betterment of students with its focus on peace, progress and scientific socialism. The motto "Freedom, Peace and Progress", which had been raised since its formation, was amended at the 1958 National Convention. Since then, the AISF has come up with the motto "Study & Struggle".[40]

The administrative structure of the federation is as follows:

  1. National executive body
  2. State executive body
  3. State administrative body
  4. District administrative body
  5. Block level committee
  6. Institutions level unions

AISF National Conferences[edit]

National Conference Year Place General Secretary President
1
(Founder Conference)
12–13 August 1936 Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh) Prem Narayan Bhargava
2 22 November 1936 Lahore Prem Narayan Bhargava
3 1–3 January 1938 Madras Ansar Harvani
4 1–2 January 1939 Calcutta M.L.Shah
5 1–2 January 1940 Delhi M.L.Shah
6 25–26 December 1940 Nagpur M. Farooqui
7 31 December 1941 to 1 January 1942 Patna Perin Bharucha
Prashanta Sanyal
8 28–31 December 1944 Calcutta Satyapal Dang
9 20 January 1946 Guntur Satyapal Dang
10 3 January 1947 Delhi Annada Shankar Bhattacharya
11 29–31 December 1947 Bombay Annada Shankar Bhattacharya Satyapal Dang
12 23–27 July 1949 Calcutta Annada Shankar Bhattacharya Susheela Madiman
1950 Calcutta Sukhendu Mazumdar (Acting general secretary) Susheela Madiman
1952 Calcutta Annada Shankar Bhattacharya Susheela Madiman
13 1–5 January 1953 Hyderabad N.R. Dasari Harish Chandra Tiwari
14 5–8 January 1955 Lucknow Sukhendu Mazumdar B. Narsingha Rao
15 2–4 January 1959 Udaipur Hiren Dasgupta Vidyasagar Nautiyal
16 25–27 October 1961,
but it could not be held due to natural disaster
Kanpur
17 29 December 1965 – 2 January 1966 Pondicherry S. Sudhakar Reddy Joginder Singh Dayal
18 21–23 December 1969 New Delhi Ranjit Guha Bant Singh Brar
19 20 January 1974 Cochin Aziz Pasha Shambhu Sharan Shrivastava
20 1–9 February 1979 Ludhiana Amarjeet Kaur Atul Kumar Anjan
21 28–31 January 1983 Trichy Amarjeet Kaur Atul Kumar Anjan
22 13–16 December 1985 Guntur T. Laxminarayana Ravindra Nath Rai
23 15–18 February 1991 Bokaro Soni Thengamom Ravindra Nath Rai
24 7–9 February 1996 Hyderabad T. Srinivas Rahul Bhaiji
25 18–21 October 2000 Jalandhar Vijendra Kesari T. Srinivas,
Ramakrushna Panda
26 3–6 January 2006 Chennai Vijendra Kesari P. Muralidhar,
Jinu Zakariya Oommen[41]
27 13-15 February 2010 Puducherry Abhay Taksal Paramjit Dhaban
28 28–30 November 2013 Hyderabad Vishwajeet Kumar Valli Ullah Khadri[41]
29 27–30 September 2018 Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh Vicky Mahesari Shuvam Banerjee[42]

[43]

Present leadership[edit]

In 29th National Conference held in September 2018 at Anantapur (Andhra Pradesh) Shuvam Banerjee of West Bengal was elected as New National President, Vicky Mahesari from Punjab was elected as New General Secretary of AISF.[44] In Jawaharlal Nehru University Students' Union 2019–20, Md. Danish was elected the joint secretary with huge majority.[45][46]

Notable leaders[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "AISF fought heroically for freedom | Hyderabad News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
  2. ^ "AISF - Official". www.aisf.org.in. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  3. ^ Wilkinson, Tom (2019). "Student Politics in British India and Beyond: The Rise and Fragmentation of the All India Student Federation (AISF), 1936–1950". South Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal (22). doi:10.4000/samaj.6488. S2CID 226826101.
  4. ^ "History". All India Students Federation. Archived from the original on 10 June 2018. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  5. ^ Wilkinson, Tom (15 December 2019). "Student Politics in British India and Beyond: The Rise and Fragmentation of the All India Student Federation (AISF), 1936–1950". South Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal (22). doi:10.4000/samaj.6488. ISSN 1960-6060. S2CID 226826101.
  6. ^ a b "AISF has it genesis in Lucknow University | Lucknow News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
  7. ^ a b Lotha, Arhoni (2015). "Role of All India Students Federation In Freedom Struggle (1936-1947)" (PDF). Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  8. ^ A. B. Bardhan (June 2013). "Satpal Dang: My Friend & Colleague, My Ideal". Tehelka. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  9. ^ Wilkinson, Tom (15 December 2019). "Student Politics in British India and Beyond: The Rise and Fragmentation of the All India Student Federation (AISF), 1936–1950". South Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal (22). doi:10.4000/samaj.6488. Retrieved 1 December 2020 – via journals.openedition.org.
  10. ^ "Karnail Singh: The Unsung Young Hero of Goa Liberation (By: PRAJAL SAKHARDANDE, PANAJI)". Goa News. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  11. ^ Nair, C. Gouridasan (23 March 2012). "For him, personal was also political". The Hindu. Retrieved 1 December 2020 – via www.thehindu.com.
  12. ^ Gupta, Susmita Sen (2009). Radical Politics in Meghalaya: Problems and Prospects. ISBN 9788178357423.
  13. ^ a b Ramakrishnan, Venkatesh (12 July 2013). "Communist legend". Frontline. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  14. ^ "Seeking public feedback on draft education policy an eyewash, say experts". The New Indian Express. 8 July 2019. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  15. ^ "AISF protests against high fee in private schools". The Hindu. 25 June 2019. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  16. ^ "All India Student Federation opposes fee hike in engineering colleges". Hans India. 24 June 2019. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  17. ^ PTI (23 November 2019). "'Make education affordable to all': Hundreds protest in Delhi against fee hike". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  18. ^ "Punjabi University students raise voice against 10% semester fee hike". Tribune. 10 July 2021. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  19. ^ Baruah, Sukrita (25 December 2019). "Youth bodies, student unions join forces to oppose CAA in Delhi". The Indian Express. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  20. ^ "AISF holds protest march against CAA, NRC, NPR". The Times of India. 23 January 2020. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  21. ^ "Anti-CAA protest: AISF members stop train at Rajendra Nagar railway station in Patna". ANI News. 19 December 2019. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  22. ^ "AISF meet against CAA-NPR in Hyderabad". The Siasat Daily. 4 March 2020. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  23. ^ Excelsior, Daily (17 April 2020). "Distribution of ration, essential items continues". Daily Excelsior. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  24. ^ "Student wings of political parties join efforts to help the Covid-hit". Hindustan Times. 20 April 2021. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  25. ^ "एआईएसएफ ने विद्यार्थियों के बीच मास्क बांटा". Hindustan (in Hindi). 8 April 2021. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  26. ^ "जवानों व आमजनों को AIYF/AISF ने किया मास्क वितरण, सोशल डिस्टेंसिंग अपनाने की अपील". Khabar Bastar. 30 March 2020. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  27. ^ ANI (28 July 2021). "Andhra Student Unions To Hold Hunger Strike Demanding Fresh Job Calendar". NDTV. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  28. ^ Bandari, Pavan Kumar (8 November 2021). "Tension erupts in Anantapur as students protest against merger of aided college in govt". Hans India. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  29. ^ PTI (4 February 2022). "Railways reaches out to 2 lakh aspirants over RRB exam protests". The Hindu. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  30. ^ "Bihar Bandh: Protests Over Incorrect Railway Exam Results". Outlook. 28 January 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  31. ^ "RRB-NTPC Protest: पटना में AISF छात्रों ने मैकडोनाल्ड में की तोड़फोड़, दरभंगा में RJD कार्यकर्ताओं ने रोकी रेल, JAP कार्यकर्ताओं की पुलिस से झड़प". TV9 (in Hindi). 28 January 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  32. ^ "AISF to hold 'Reject NEP 2020' convention on May 15". The Hindu. 11 May 2022. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
  33. ^ "Education Ministers from three States slam NEP". The Hindu. 15 May 2022. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
  34. ^ Chatterjee, Akash. "Assembly 2021: Can the Left become the proverbial dark horse in West Bengal?". The International Magz. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  35. ^ "Meet Nathira, the first trans person to stand for student elections at Kerala Uni". The News Minute. 9 October 2018. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  36. ^ Nair, Jaikrishnan (9 June 2019). "Kerala's CMS College opens its gate for transgender students". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  37. ^ "Transwoman student to lead AISF candidates' panel in Kerala". The Times of India. 25 February 2022. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
  38. ^ Praveen, M. P. (25 February 2022). "Transwoman leads panel in Sanskrit varsity union polls". The Hindu. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
  39. ^ "Nadira to create history; transwoman named chairperson candidate in Kalady University". Keralakaumudi Daily. February 2022. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
  40. ^ "AISF - Official". www.aisf.org.in. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  41. ^ a b "AISF Poised to Face New Challenges". Retrieved 4 January 2020.
  42. ^ India, The Hans (24 September 2018). "All India Students Federation national convention on Sept 27". www.thehansindia.com. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
  43. ^ "AISF - Official". www.aisf.org.in. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  44. ^ "29th National Conference of All India Students Federation". ਭਵਿੱਖ - ਵਿਦਿਆਰਥੀਆਂ ਅਤੇ ਨੌਜੁਆਨਾਂ ਦਾ ਬੁਲਾਰਾ. 6 November 2018. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  45. ^ Chakorborty, Nabanita (16 September 2018). "JNUSU Election Results 2018: Left Unity bags four central panel posts, N Sai Balaji new president". News Nation. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  46. ^ Shobana, S (16 September 2018). "JNU Election Results Highlights: Left Unity Sweeps JNU Student Polls, Wins All Four Seats". NDTV.com. Retrieved 7 February 2020.

External links[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 28°38′28″N 77°14′05″E / 28.6411637°N 77.2347943°E / 28.6411637; 77.2347943