Bid Time Return
First edition cover
|February 24, 1975|
|Media type||Print (Hardback)|
Bid Time Return is a 1975 science fiction novel by Richard Matheson. It concerns a man from the 1970s who travels back in time to court a 19th-century stage actress whose photograph has captivated him. In 1980, it was made into the cult classic film Somewhere in Time, the title of which was used for subsequent editions of the book.
Matheson has stated, "Somewhere in Time is the story of a love which transcends time, What Dreams May Come is the story of a love which transcends death.... I feel that they represent the best writing I have done in the novel form."
While traveling with his family, Matheson was entranced by the portrait of American actress Maude Adams in Piper's Opera House in Nevada. "It was such a great photograph," Matheson reports, "that creatively I fell in love with her. What if some guy did the same thing and could go back in time?" Then Matheson researched her life and was struck by her reclusiveness. To create the novel, he resided for many weeks at the Hotel del Coronado (where the novel takes place) and dictated his impressions into a tape recorder while experiencing himself in the role of Richard Collier. Matheson based much of the biographical information about the character of Elise McKenna directly on Adams. The book's original title comes from a line in Shakespeare's Richard II (Act III, Scene 2): "O call back yesterday, bid time return."
- Richard Collier — protagonist and main narrator, a 36-year-old man from the 1970s who travels back in time to meet the woman of his dreams
- Elise McKenna — a 19th-century stage actress whom Richard falls in love with after seeing her photo in a hotel gallery
- William Fawcett Robinson — Elise's overbearing manager who distrusts Richard
- Robert Collier — Richard's brother, who decides to publish Richard's manuscripts
Richard Collier is a 36-year-old screenwriter who has been diagnosed with an inoperable brain tumor and has decided, after a coin flip, to spend his last days hanging around the Hotel del Coronado. Most of the novel represents a private journal he is continually updating throughout the story.
He becomes obsessed with the photograph of a famous stage actress, Elise McKenna, who performed at the hotel in the 1890s. Through research, he learns that she had an overprotective manager named William Fawcett Robinson, that she never married and that she seemed to have had a brief affair with a mysterious man while staying at this hotel in 1896. The more Richard learns, the more he becomes convinced that it is his destiny to travel back in time and become that mysterious man.
Through research (see below), he develops a method of time travel that involves using his mind to transport himself into the past. After much struggle, he succeeds. At first, he experiences feelings of disorientation and constantly worries that he'll be drawn back to the present, but soon the feelings dissipate.
He is unsure what to say to Elise when he finally does meet her, but to his surprise she immediately asks, "Is it you?" (She later explains that two psychics told her she would meet a mysterious man at that exact time and place.) Without telling her where (or, rather, when) he comes from, he pursues a relationship with her, while struggling to adapt himself to the conventions of the time. Inexplicably, his daily headaches are gone, and he believes that his memory of having come from the future will ultimately disappear.
But Robinson, who assumes that Richard is simply after Elise's wealth, hires two men to abduct Richard and leave him in a shed while Elise departs on a train. Richard manages to escape and make his way back to the hotel, where he finds that Elise never left. They go to a hotel room and passionately make love.
In the middle of the night, Richard leaves the room and bumps into Robinson. After a brief physical struggle, Richard quickly runs back into the room, and he casually picks a coin out of his pocket. Realizing too late that it is a 1970s coin, the sight of it pushes him back to the present.
At the end of the book, we find out that Richard died soon after. A doctor claims that the time-traveling experience occurred only in Richard's mind, the desperate fantasy of a dying man, but Richard's brother, who has chosen to publish the journal, is not completely convinced.
Method of time travel
Richard derives his method of time travel from J. B. Priestley's book Man and Time. This method involves performing self-hypnosis to convince his mind that he's in the past. The historical roots of the hotel help reinforce his purpose, as does an 1890s suit he buys. A similar time travel method was used in the Jack Finney novel Time and Again, written five years earlier.
- Matheson, Richard. Somewhere in Time. New York: Tom Doherty Associates, Inc., 1998, pp. 318-319.
- Diaz de Chumaceiro, Cora L. "Maude Adam's Portrait as Muse for Richard Matheson." Creativity Research Journal, 2005, Vol. 17, Issue 2/3, pp. 297-8.
- "Latter-day Saint (Mormon) Main Character in the movie Somewhere In Time (1980)". LDSFilm.com. 2004-11-05. Archived from the original on 14 November 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-02.
- World Fantasy Convention. "Award Winners and Nominees". Retrieved 4 February 2011.