Big Sky, Montana
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|Big Sky, Montana|
Location of Big Sky, Montana
|• Total||228.3 sq mi (591.2 km2)|
|• Land||228.1 sq mi (590.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.4 km2)|
|Elevation||7,218 ft (2,200 m)|
|• Density||10.1/sq mi (3.9/km2)|
|Time zone||Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC-6)|
|GNIS feature ID||1853174|
Big Sky is a census-designated place (CDP) in Gallatin and Madison counties in southwestern Montana. It is forty-five miles southwest of Bozeman. This unincorporated community straddles the two counties, is not considered a town, and has no town government. The primary industry of the area is tourism.
Big Sky is located at  approximately midway between West Yellowstone and Bozeman on US Highway 191 and just 15 miles (24 km) from the northwestern border of the Yellowstone National Park. The "Meadow" area of Big Sky lies in an Alpine valley formed during the cretaceous period. Initially called the Gallatin Canyon Basin, the Meadow is braided with small rivers that channel mountain snow run-off. Fishing is permitted on all of these Gallatin feeders. Two ponds are found on the Middle Fork that bisects the Meadow, and fishing there is permitted for those 16 and younger. Since 1993, an innovative sewer system has protected the water in the area from sewage discharge. Several agencies, such as the Gallatin River Task Force, monitor the health of the rivers.(45.269940, -111.299725),
The community had two large ski resorts that are sited in the "Mountain" area: Big Sky Resort and Moonlight Basin, and in October 2013, these resorts merged. Both resorts are now managed by Big Sky Resort. Both are Alpine ski and golf resorts. The combined terrain of the two resorts allows them to market themselves as the "Biggest Skiing in America." The Spanish Peaks Mountain Club is an exclusive ski and golf resort that has three chairlifts and thirteen ski runs connecting it to Big Sky Resort at the base of Big Sky's Southern Comfort lift. Spanish Peaks is now also owned by Big Sky Resort, in collaboration with the Yellowstone Club. Another resort, Lone Mountain Ranch, is a Nordic ski and summer resort that professionally grooms over 75 kilometers of Nordic ski trails. The private exclusive resort, Yellowstone Club, is located to the south and adjacent to Big Sky Resort.
The "Canyon" area of Big Sky lies in the Gallatin Canyon, along the Gallatin River, a favorite for white water rafters and kayakers. The Gallatin River, named after Albert Gallatin who was the Secretary of the Treasury during the Lewis and Clark Expedition, is a Blue Ribbon trout stream that attracts fly-fishers from around the world. Fly-fishing outfitting firms can connect fly-fishers to renowned rivers, in particular the Madison and the Yellowstone. Several dude ranches (320 Guest Ranch, Elkhorn Ranch, Cinnamon Lodge and 9 Quarter Circle) operate in the Gallatin Canyon.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 228.3 square miles (591.2 km2), of which 228.1 square miles (590.8 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.4 km2) (0.06%) is water.
This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Big Sky has an Alpine subarctic climate. for most of the area, but the lower elevations may be closer to a dry continental climate.
|Climate data for Big Sky,MT (1984–2005 normals)|
|Record high °F (°C)||55
|Average high °F (°C)||31.2
|Average low °F (°C)||7.8
|Record low °F (°C)||−39
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||1.42
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||31.9
At the 2010 census, there were 2,308 people residing in the CDP. The population density was 10.1 per square mile.
Hiking trails thread throughout the landscape and into neighboring national forests. Camping sites are available throughout the Spanish Peaks and Gallatin National Forest. Elk, deer, black bears, grizzlies, upland birds, waterfowl, and wolves call this area home. Hunting is prohibited in Big Sky proper, but it is permitted throughout the National Forests that surround the area. Recreational snowmobiling is also not permitted within the Meadow or Mountain terrain, but it is permitted in the Gallatin Canyon and in areas to the south of Big Sky. Several snowmobiling outfitters are located in the Canyon.
Big Sky offers a variety of recreational venues. In addition to outdoor activities, the Lone Peak Cinema movie theater shows current blockbuster films. The Warren Miller Performing Arts Center, a community and school-based facility, is located at the school on US Highway 191. The venue attracts local, national, and international artists in every genre (music, drama, dance, visual arts, and creative composition). Known to locals as the WMPAC, the center is home to the Big Sky Community Chorus, the Big Sky Community Theater, and Big Sky Broadway, a children's musical theater company. During the summer, the Arts Council of Big Sky presents weekly free music concerts with musicians from across the nation at Center Stage in Town Center Park. Each August, the Arts Council holds a four-day classical music festival. A wide variety of music can be heard year-round at the resorts and local restaurants and bars. Several art galleries feature local and regional photography and other visual media. In mid-summer, Big Sky hosts the Big Sky PBR (Professional Bull Riders), which was awarded the Touring Pro Division "Event of the Year" in 2013 and 2014. The Big Sky Farmers Market features live music, children's activities, and over 90 vendors selling fresh, locally-grown food, and crafts each Wednesday during the summer months in Town Center's Fire Pit Park. In the winter months, Town Center Park hosts Big Sky's hockey and ice skating rink that is operated by the Big Sky Skating and Hockey Association.
The area is served by a K-12 public school district, called the Big Sky School District #72. There are three schools: Ophir Elementary School, Ophir Middle School and Lone Peak High School. The district educates approximately 275 students with an innovative curriculum that includes experiential, place-based and expeditionary education. There are opportunities for formal pre-school enrollment.
Health services include a dentist, 3 small medical clinics, a physical therapist, chiropractors and a pharmacy. The local Big Sky Fire Department provides advanced life support emergency medical services, but sheriff services are provided by Gallatin County. Big Sky Search and Rescue operates in conjunction with the Big Sky Fire Department. Bozeman Deaconess Hospital will open an acute-care hospital in 2015, but at the moment the hospital in Bozeman is the closest full-service hospital. The Big Sky Community Food Bank, located on US Highway 191 in the Big Horn Shopping Center, assists the food-insecure through a shopping model. Beyond these services, other services are obtained through Gallatin and Madison Counties, the various special service districts, and the many volunteer organizations that make Big Sky such an engaged and special community. A 3% resort tax, affixed to non-essentials, supports many local agencies' services. The resort tax is administered by the Resort Tax Board. Non-profit service organizations like the Rotary Club of Big Sky also support local initiatives.
Local businesses, ranging from over 40 restaurants, clothing and gift shops, food markets, to outdoor sporting stores, are situated primarily in four commerce centers including the Big Sky Town Center, the Meadow Village Center, the Canyon area, and the Mountain Mall. Real estate agents, construction and architectural companies and property management companies attend to the burgeoning real estate industry. The Big Sky Chamber of Commerce and Visitor Center is positioned at the intersection of US Highway 191 and Lone Mountain Trail (MT Highway 64). The facility provides a wealth of information for the area and Yellowstone National Park, including local attractions, accommodations, and restaurants. It also houses a small museum that highlights the area's rich homesteading, ranching, and tourism history before the ski resorts opened.
Big Sky Chapel serves a number of religious denominations. The community library, housed in the Ophir School facility, is free to the public, providing thousands of books and technology access.
A 44-acre community park features ball fields, a skateboard complex, a dog park, a disc golf course, and areas for biking and Nordic skiing. The park is administered by the Big Sky Community Corporation (BSCC), which also oversees public trails, other smaller public parks, and the Historic Crail Ranch Homestead. The BSCC hosts summer camps for kids who reside in Big Sky or are simply visiting.
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Big Sky has one local newspaper: Explore Big Sky in addition to a regional newspaper from Bozeman.
The local radio station is KBZM. Other regional radio stations can be received from Bozeman.
ExploreBigSky.com is a regional daily news website.
There are numerous year-round and part-time residents who are world-renowned athletes, politicians, physicians, and business/industry leaders, including:
- Matt Morris, former Major League Baseball pitcher with the St. Louis Cardinals, San Francisco Giants, and Pittsburgh Pirates.
- Warren Miller, ski-film industry icon, lives in Big Sky during the winter.
- Keeley Kelleher, a former Olympic skier and national champion medalist, grew up in Big Sky.
- Marty Pavelich, a National Hockey League Hall of Famer, is a year-round resident.
- Martin Bell, a former Olympic skier for Great Britain is a year-round resident.
- Chet Huntley, pioneering newscaster, retired to Big Sky and built the Big Sky Resort; however, he died before the resort opened.
- Jamie Pierre, professional skier, snowboarder. Deceased
- Actress Jessica Biel and her husband, pop star Justin Timberlake, have a home at The Yellowstone Club. They reportedly plan to raise their son, Silas, there.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Big Sky, Montana". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved 2016-08-07.