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Shah Abbasi Caravansarai, Bisotun
Bisotun is located in Iran
Coordinates: 34°23′59″N 47°26′42″E / 34.39972°N 47.44500°E / 34.39972; 47.44500Coordinates: 34°23′59″N 47°26′42″E / 34.39972°N 47.44500°E / 34.39972; 47.44500
 (2016 Census)
 • Total4,942 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)

Bisotun (Persian: بيستون; also Romanized as Bīsotūn; also known as Bīsītan and Bīsītūn)[2] is a city and capital of Bisotun District, in Harsin County, Kermanshah Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 2,075, in 527 families.[3]

The town is at the foot of Bisotun mountain, the flank of which is the location of an important historical site. The imperial road from Ekbatana to Babylon passed at the foot of the mountain. On the rocky slopes king Darius I left the Behistun Inscription. From the Seleucid epoch there is a Herakles statue. Next to it Parthian kings added some reliefs. Late Sasanian rulers prepared a large piece of rock for another victory relief which was never finished because of the subsequent Arab invasion.[citation needed] Later folklore connected this place to the legend of Farhad and Shirin.

A Safavid caravanserai is preserved in Bisotun.

Mount Bi-Sutoun by Eugène Flandin


  1. ^ "Statistical Center of Iran > Home".
  2. ^ Bisotun can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3056492" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Statistical Center of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11.

External links[edit]

Media related to Bisotun at Wikimedia Commons