Paveh

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Paveh
Pāwe
City
Paveh
Paveh
Paveh is located in Iran
Paveh
Paveh
Coordinates: 35°02′36″N 46°21′23″E / 35.04333°N 46.35639°E / 35.04333; 46.35639Coordinates: 35°02′36″N 46°21′23″E / 35.04333°N 46.35639°E / 35.04333; 46.35639
CountryIran
ProvinceKermanshah
CountyPaveh
BakhshCentral
Elevation
1,560 m (5,120 ft)
Population
 (2016 Census)
 • Total25,771[1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)
Area code+(98)83

Paveh (Persian: Pâveh, Kurdish: Pawe , پاوە, also Romanized as Pāveh, Pawah, and Pāweh)[2] is a city and capital of Paveh County, Kermanshah Province, Iran. It is located in a region called Hawraman.

The first language spoken by the population in the city is mostly Kurdish, but the language which is used in schools and offices is Persian, the official language of Iran in which almost everyone in the city is fluent.

History[edit]

An old myth regarding the name of the city is that the Emperor Yazdgerd III sent his son named Pav to this area to renew his religious Zoroastrian faith. Both Persians and the local Kurdish inhabitants practiced Zoroastrianism during the Sasanian Empire from which this myth is derived.

Geography[edit]

Location, topography[edit]

Paveh is located in western Iran and is 112 km far from Kermanshah. It lies in a sub-region along the Iran-Iraq border commonly referred to as Hewraman, which is situated within the larger geographical region of Kurdistan. The city is considered by inhabitants of the region as the capital of Hewraman.[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Paveh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.3
(39.7)
6.4
(43.5)
12.2
(54.0)
16.6
(61.9)
23.8
(74.8)
30.5
(86.9)
35.0
(95.0)
34.3
(93.7)
30.2
(86.4)
23.2
(73.8)
14.8
(58.6)
7.4
(45.3)
19.9
(67.8)
Average low °C (°F) −5.9
(21.4)
−4.5
(23.9)
0.4
(32.7)
4.2
(39.6)
8.6
(47.5)
12.2
(54.0)
16.7
(62.1)
15.9
(60.6)
11.0
(51.8)
6.1
(43.0)
1.2
(34.2)
−3.3
(26.1)
5.2
(41.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 120
(4.7)
111
(4.4)
124
(4.9)
97
(3.8)
45
(1.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
21
(0.8)
69
(2.7)
87
(3.4)
674
(26.5)
Source: Climate-Data.org[3]

The town is encircled by fruit gardens. Paveh is situated along a mountainside like most cities and villages in the Hewraman region. Behind the city is the Shaho mountain and ahead of the city is a view of Atashgah, another mountain that was once the site of pilgrimages for ancient religions in the region. Among the most visited places is the Quri Qaleh caveman which is considered as the longest watery cave in the Middle East.[citation needed] The cave is located around 25 kilometers from Paveh's city center.

Demographics[edit]

At the 2017 census, its population was 25,771, in 7932 families.[4] The inhabitants of Paveh are Kurds and speak Auramani (also:Hewrami). They follow the Shafi‘i branch of Sunni Islam.

Landmarks[edit]

Rivers[edit]

Sirwan River is one of the biggest rivers in Paveh. It rises near Sanandaj, in the Zagros Mountains of Iran. It then descends through the mountains, where for some 32 km it forms the border between the two countries. It finally feeds into the Tigris below Baghdad. Navigation of the upper reaches of the Diyala is not possible because of its narrow defiles, but the river's valley provides an important trade route between Iran and Iraq.

Mountains[edit]

Paveh is established among mountains on Zagros Mountains. The mountain chain of Shaho is located in the west of Paveh. Shaho is the highest mountain in Kermanshah with an elevation of 3390.[5]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistical Center of Iran > Home". www.amar.org.ir.
  2. ^ Paveh can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3078102" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ "Climate: Paveh". Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  4. ^ "Kermanshah Census". www.amar.org.ir. Statistical Centre of Iran. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
  5. ^ "Shaho Mountain". mountain-forecast.com. Retrieved 4 February 2015.

External links[edit]

Media related to Paveh at Wikimedia Commons