Black-bearded tomb bat

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black-bearded tomb bat
Black-bearded tomb bat.jpg
Black-bearded tomb bat (Taphozous melanopogon), male with prominent black beard
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Emballonuridae
Genus: Taphozous
Species: T. melanopogon
Binomial name
Taphozous melanopogon
Temminck, 1841
Black-Bearded Tomb Bat area.png
Black-bearded Tomb Bat range
Synonyms
  • Taphozous bicolor Temminck, 1841
  • Taphozous phillipenensis Waterhouse, 1845
  • Taphozous solifer Hollister, 1913

The black-bearded tomb bat (Taphozous melanopogon) is a species of sac-winged bat. It is found in South and South East Asia.

Taxonomy and etymology[edit]

It was described as a new species in 1841 by Dutch zoologist Coenraad Jacob Temminck. The holotype was collected on Java.[2] Its species name "melanopogon" comes from Ancient Greek "mélās" meaning "black" and "pṓgōn" meaning "beard."

Description[edit]

Head and body length is 9–10 cm. Forearm 6 cm. Wingspan 37–40 cm.

Tip of the tail is conspicuous and free. Grayish brown above with a grizzled appearance. Lighter on the shoulders, hind neck, and underside. Fur short and dense. Body appears rather flattened above and below. Hairy chin. In older males, at about 5–6 months, a blackish beard can be seen. Claws purplish with whitish tip. Young are grayer and darker. No gular sacs as in Taphozous longimanus. It has only small pores.

Range and habitat[edit]

This species ranges widely throughout Asia and Southeast Asia. Its range includes the following countries: Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Timor-Leste, and Vietnam. It has been documented at elevations up to 800 m (2,600 ft) above sea level.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Csorba, G.; Bumrungsri, S.; Helgen, K.; Francis, C.; Bates, P.; Gumal, M.; Balete, D.; Heaney, L.; Molur, S. & Srinivasulu, C. (2008). "Taphozous melanopogon". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T21461A9281177. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T21461A9281177.en. Retrieved 9 November 2017. 
  2. ^ Temminck, C. J. (1841). "Monographies de mammalogie". 2. G. Dufour et E. d'Ocagne, 1841: 287-289.