Black-bearded tomb bat
|black-bearded tomb bat|
|male with prominent black beard|
|Black-bearded Tomb Bat range|
Taxonomy and etymology
It was described as a new species in 1841 by Dutch zoologist Coenraad Jacob Temminck. The holotype was collected on Java. Its species name "melanopogon" comes from Ancient Greek "mélās" meaning "black" and "pṓgōn" meaning "beard."
Head and body length is 9–10 cm. Forearm 6 cm. Wingspan 37–40 cm.
Tip of the tail is conspicuous and free. Grayish brown above with a grizzled appearance. Lighter on the shoulders, hind neck, and underside. Fur short and dense. Body appears rather flattened above and below. Hairy chin. In older males, at about 5–6 months, a blackish beard can be seen. Claws purplish with whitish tip. Young are grayer and darker. No gular sacs as in Taphozous longimanus. It has only small pores.
Range and habitat
This species ranges widely throughout Asia and Southeast Asia. Its range includes the following countries: Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Timor-Leste, and Vietnam. It has been documented at elevations up to 800 m (2,600 ft) above sea level.
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- Csorba, G.; Bumrungsri, S.; Helgen, K.; Francis, C.; Bates, P.; Gumal, M.; Balete, D.; Heaney, L.; Molur, S. & Srinivasulu, C. (2008). "Taphozous melanopogon". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T21461A9281177. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T21461A9281177.en. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- Temminck, C. J. (1841). "Monographies de mammalogie". 2. G. Dufour et E. d'Ocagne, 1841: 287-289.
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