Blaine, Tennessee

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Blaine, Tennessee
Town
Blaine City Hall and Library
Blaine City Hall and Library
Location of Blaine, Tennessee
Location of Blaine, Tennessee
Coordinates: 36°9′3″N 83°42′2″W / 36.15083°N 83.70056°W / 36.15083; -83.70056
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Grainger
Area
 • Total 8.8 sq mi (22.9 km2)
 • Land 8.8 sq mi (22.9 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 961 ft (293 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 1,856
 • Density 210/sq mi (81/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 37709
Area code(s) 865
FIPS code 47-06340[2]
GNIS feature ID 1269358[3]

Blaine is a town in Grainger County, Tennessee, United States. It is part of the Morristown, Tennessee Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 1,856 at the 2010 census, an increase of 271 individuals since the 2000 census.

History[edit]

Blaine was originally known as "Blaine's Crossroads" (sometimes spelled "Blain"). During the early 19th century, it was located at the intersection of several important roads,[4] and was the eastern terminus of the Emory Road, which traversed northern Knox County.[5] The community was likely named for Robert Blaine, who lived near the crossroads.[6] Shields' Station, a popular tavern and store, had been built in Blaine by the early 1830s. Blaine later served as a stop along the Knoxville and Bristol Railroad, also known as the Peavine Railroad, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.[7]

Geography[edit]

Blaine is located at 36°9′3″N 83°42′2″W / 36.15083°N 83.70056°W / 36.15083; -83.70056 (36.150854, -83.700443).[8] It is situated around the intersection of U.S. Route 11W (Rutledge Pike), Tennessee State Route 61, and Indian Ridge Road, just south of the point where Grainger, Knox, and Union counties meet. Clinch Mountain and adjacent ridges rise prominently to the north, and House Mountain is visible to the southwest.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 8.8 square miles (23 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 1,147
1990 1,326 15.6%
2000 1,585 19.5%
2010 1,856 17.1%
Est. 2014 1,870 [9] 0.8%
Sources:[10][11]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 1,585 people, 636 households, and 478 families residing in the town. The population density was 179.6 people per square mile (69.4/km²). There were 680 housing units at an average density of 77.1 per square mile (29.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.91% White, 1.07% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.63% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.01% of the population.

There were 636 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.2% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.7% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the town the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,677, and the median income for a family was $35,417. Males had a median income of $26,213 versus $20,707 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,587. About 11.7% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.9% of those under age 18 and 27.1% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development, Certified Population of Tennessee Incorporated Municipalities and Counties, State of Tennessee official website, 14 July 2011. Retrieved: 6 December 2013.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ David H. Burr, "Map of Kentucky and Tennessee Exhibiting the Post Offices, Post Roads, Canals, Rail Roads, etc.," The American Atlas (J. Arrowsmith: 1839). Accessed at the Library of Congress American Memory Collection, 2015.
  5. ^ Tennessee Historical Commission marker 1B8, "Emory Road." Accessed: 18 July 2015.
  6. ^ Kevin Collins, "Grainger County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 21 July 2015.
  7. ^ Carroll Van West, Tennessee's Historic Landscapes (University of Tennessee Press, 1995), p. 168.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  11. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 

Coordinates: 36°09′03″N 83°42′02″W / 36.150854°N 83.700443°W / 36.150854; -83.700443