Blue Gardenia (album)
|Studio album by|
|Released||August 21, 2001|
|Recorded||November 30, 2000 – February 27, 2001|
|Genre||Blues, jazz, rhythm and blues|
|Etta James chronology|
Blue Gardenia is a 2001 album by Etta James, released through the record label Private Music. It was produced by John Snyder, who had worked with James on five of her previous studio albums. Blue Gardenia contains thirteen jazz standards from the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s. All of the standards were arranged by pianist Cedar Walton, with the exception of "Love Letters", which was arranged by Josh Sklair. Between November 2000 and February 2001, Snyder and Walton assembled musicians to record tracks while James was recovering from a flu; her vocals were added following her recovery. In addition to Walton, artists appearing on the album included Red Holloway on tenor saxophone and Dorothy Hawkins, James' mother, who provided vocals on the title track. Hawkins died in May 2002, less than a year after the album's release.
James promoted the album by touring throughout the United States leading up to and following its release. Critical reception of the album was positive overall. The album reached number one on Billboard's Top Jazz Albums chart.
Blue Gardenia contains thirteen jazz standards from the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s arranged by pianist Cedar Walton, with the exception of "Love Letters", which was arranged by Josh Sklair. The album was produced by John Snyder, who had produced five of James' past studio albums: The Right Time (1992), Mystery Lady: Songs of Billie Holiday (1994), Time After Time (1995), 12 Songs of Christmas (1998) and Heart of a Woman (1999). Between November 2000 and February 2001, Snyder and Walton assembled a group of jazz musicians to record tracks for the album in the absence of James, who was suffering from the flu. A few months later, James recorded vocals following her recovery. AllMusic's Jonathan Widran described the album as having an "old school big band flavor" with a "bed of simmering brass"; instrumentation included bass, flugelhorn, guitar, piano, percussion, tenor saxophone, trombone and trumpet.
The album opens with a rendition of Clyde Otis' "This Bitter Earth", a song popularized by Dinah Washington and later added to Aretha Franklin's repertoire, followed by "He's Funny That Way" (Neil Moret, Richard A. Whiting). Both tracks include improvisations by Walton on piano. According to Dorothy Hill, blues editor for Jazz Now, listeners can hear James "murmuring admiration" for Walton's piano work in the background of "He's Funny That Way". "In My Solitude", originally by Duke Ellington, features a "passionate" interlude by Red Holloway on tenor saxophone. Other standards appearing on the album include "There Is No Greater Love" (Isham Jones, Marty Symes), Joe Greene's "Don't Let the Sun Catch You Crying", and "Love Letters", originally written by Edward Heyman and Victor Young. Sklair arranged the latter song and performed on guitar; also featured is Rick Baptist on flugelhorn. "These Foolish Things", originally written by Harry Link, Holt Marvell and Jack Strachey, previously appeared on James' 1995 album of the same name. Harold Arlen and Johnny Mercer's "Come Rain or Come Shine" is followed by "Don't Worry 'bout Me" (Rube Bloom, Ted Koehler). Leading up to the album's close are Arthur Hamilton's "Cry Me a River", "Don't Blame Me" (Dorothy Fields, Jimmy McHugh), and "My Man" which features a trombone solo by George Bohannon. The album's closing and title track features vocals by James' mother, Dorothy Hawkins.
Critical reception of Blue Gardenia was positive overall. Jonathan Widran wrote a positive review for the album, complimenting Walton's arrangements and the featured soloists. Widran also said that each track allowed James to "explore both tenderness and guttural emotions" and that James' mother's contributions to the title track provided a "unique touch that [added] emotional dimension to an already emotionally rich affair". Music critic Robert Christgau awarded the album an "A–" rating and wrote that James "[lets] the songs do the talking and [leaves] you to wonder whether her modest melodic variations bespeak sly musicality or weathered pipes." Isaac Guzman of the New York Daily News thought that the album showcased James' ability to "get inside the gentle nuances of classic torch songs and ballads". Dorothy Hill noted the blues sound of the album and the "ache" in James' voice. She complimented the performances by the guest musicians appearing on the album, including Hawkins, whose vocal contribution Hill called "unpolished but alluring".
Billboard's Bill Holland called James and the material on Blue Gardenia a "near-perfect fit" after noting her "hit-or-miss relationship with standards" in the past. Holland felt that Walton's arrangements were designed for a singer with a "less robust style", but considered "Blue Gardenia" and "Cry Me a River" to be "riveting". Lorraine Ali's review for Newsweek called Blue Gardenia a "smooth cocktail", suggesting that James' vocal performance reflected her difficult past. Dave Nathan of All About Jazz concluded that "James may have slowed a bit when it comes to technical skills. But the fervency, the soul and the passion not only are still there, but have grown keener with age. This is an album of more than an hour of from the heart singing by one of the great ones and is recommended."
- "This Bitter Earth" (Clyde Otis) – 4:20
- "He's Funny That Way" (Neil Moret, Richard A. Whiting) – 6:00
- "In My Solitude" (Eddie DeLange, Duke Ellington, Irving Mills) – 5:16
- "There Is No Greater Love" (Isham Jones, Marty Symes) – 5:18
- "Don't Let the Sun Catch You Crying" (Joe Greene) – 5:18
- "Love Letters" (Edward Heyman, Victor Young) – 3:59
- "These Foolish Things" (Harry Link, Holt Marvell, Jack Strachey) – 5:14
- "Come Rain or Come Shine" (Harold Arlen, Johnny Mercer) – 5:39
- "Don't Worry 'bout Me" (Rube Bloom, Ted Koehler) – 5:52
- "Cry Me a River" (Arthur Hamilton) – 5:02
- "Don't Blame Me" (Dorothy Fields, Jimmy McHugh) – 5:01
- "My Man" (Channing Pollack, Yvain-Albert, Maurice Yvain) – 5:09
- "Blue Gardenia" (Lester Lee, Bob Russell) – 5:07
Track listing adapted from AllMusic.
- Rick Baptist – flugelhorn
- George Bohanon – trombone
- Ronnie Buttacavoli – flugelhorn, trumpet
- Lupe DeLeon – executive producer
- Tony Dumas – bass
- Dorothy Hawkins – vocals
- Red Holloway – tenor saxophone
- Etta James – vocals
- Harry Link – composer
- Ralph Penland - drums
- Holt Marvell – composer
- Alan Mason – assistant
- Richard McKernan – assistant
- Sonny Mediana – art direction, photography
- Neil Moret (Charles N. Daniels) – composer
- John Nelson – engineer
- Jay Newland – engineer
- Ron Powell – percussion
- Josh Sklair – arranger, guitar
- John Snyder – producer
- Jack Strachey – composer
- Cedar Walton – arranger, piano
- Charlie Watts – engineer
- Richard A. Whiting – composer
- Maurice Yvain – composer
Credits adapted from AllMusic.
Blue Gardenia reached number one on Billboard's Top Jazz Albums chart and held the position for at least four weeks. This was James' first number one position on any Billboard chart; previously, Mystery Lady: Songs of Billie Holiday (1994) and Matriarch of the Blues (2000) had reached number two on the Top Jazz Albums and Top Blues Albums charts, respectively. The June 8, 2002, issue of Billboard, which featured year-to-date rankings as part of the publication's "Jazz Spotlight", included Blue Gardenia at number six on the Top Jazz Albums chart.
|Billboard's Top Jazz Albums||1|
- Widran, Jonathan. "Blue Gardenia". AllMusic. Retrieved September 2, 2011.
- Quan, Denise (September 25, 2002). "A life singing the blues". CNN. Archived from the original on August 4, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2011.
- "Etta James' 'Blue Gardenia' Blooms in August". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved September 9, 2011.
- Hill, Dorothy (October 2001). "Etta James: Blue Gardenia". Jazz Now. 11 (6). Retrieved September 9, 2011.
- Nathan, Dave (September 1, 2001). "Etta James: Blue Gardenia". All About Jazz. Retrieved September 9, 2011.
- "These Foolish Things". AllMusic. Retrieved September 7, 2011.
- Bessman, Jim (August 11, 2001). "Mama Tells All: "Nothing Succeeds Like Singing"". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 113 (32): 19. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved September 7, 2011.
- Bogdanov, Vladimir; Woodstra, Chris; Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (2003). All Music Guide to the Blues: The Definitive Guide to the Blues. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 279. Retrieved September 8, 2011. Note: Jonathan Widran's album review published August 21, 2011.
- Christgau, Robert. "Etta James". RobertChristgau.com. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Ali, Lorraine (August 26, 2001). "Critical Moment". Newsweek. The Newsweek Daily Beast Company. ISSN 0028-9604. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian David (2004). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. Simon & Schuster. p. 418. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- Guzman, Isaac (August 31, 2001). "Ace of Clubs". Daily News. New York City: Mortimer Zuckerman. OCLC 9541172. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Holland, Bill (August 25, 2001). "Reviews and Previews". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 113 (34): 17. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- "Blue Gardenia: Charts & Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved September 2, 2011.
- "Top Jazz Albums". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 113 (39): 58. September 29, 2001. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- Bronson, Fred (September 8, 2001). "Chart Beat". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc.: 8. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- "The Charts & All That Jazz". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 114 (23): 30. June 8, 2002. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved September 8, 2011. Note: Recaps compiled by Anthony Colombo with assistance from jazz charts manager Steve Graybow.
- "A Voice That Shows Every Stage of the Singer's Life", Jon Pareles' review of James' 2001 concert at B. B. King Blues Club
- Gordon Baxter's album review for Blues on Stage
- "Etta James knows something about the blues", Las Vegas Review-Journal interview published March 15, 2002