Bon Om Touk

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Cambodian Water Festival
Cambodia Water Festival 1914.jpg
Cambodia First Celebration Water Festival 1914
Official nameBon Om Touk Bondet Bratip Ork OMBOK ning Sompeah Preah Kher បុណ្យអុំទូកបណ្ដែតប្រទីប អកអំបុក និង សំពះព្រះខែ
Also calledBon Om Touk
Observed byKhmers
SignificanceMarks the Cambodian Water Festival
2017 date02-03-04 November
2018 date21-22-23 November
2019 date10-11-12 November
2020 date30-31-01 October & November
Frequencyannual
Related toThailand Loi Krathong (in Thailand and Laos), Il Poya (in Sri Lanka) Tazaungdaing festival (in Myanmar)

Bon Om Touk (Khmer: បុណ្យអុំទូក, IPA: [bon om tuːk]), or the Cambodian Water Festival, is a Cambodian festival celebrated in November and marks the reversal of the flow of the Tonle Sap River. Visitors from every town and province travel to Phnom Penh to watch boat races along the Sisowath Quay and attend free concerts in the evenings. For three days, workers from every province join with the city's residents to celebrate by night and day. The festival lasts three days, and commemorates the end of the country's rainy season,[1] as well as the change in flow of the Tonle Sap River.[2] It includes boat races and concerts, and attracts several million people each year.[1][3]

Cambodia Water Festival History[edit]

The Royal Water Festival is one of the major national festivals in Cambodia, where Cambodia celebrates every November, sometimes ending in late October as the rainy season of the festive season. The boat is believed to have been held from the ancient times during the reign of Jayavarman VII in 1181 AD until now. Marginal yield. To commemorate the heroic examples of the Khmer Navy who liberated their land from their oppression. The enemies (Champa) of the Kingdom of Champa in the battlefield on the boat of Tonle Sap. The Royal Water Festival, which lasts for three days, on the first day of the race of the king's boat, is prepared to set up a pagoda for the two pagodas which Cambodia held in King Sisowath in 1914, if According to some French documents.In the footprints of boat carvings in the temples of Banteay Chhmar and in the temple of Bayon, it is believed that Khmer architecture used to design various kinds of boats, such as the boat, the Makara boat, the Naga boat, the Naga five boats, the elephant boat, the crocodile boats, the Hanuman Boat Riding Giant and the Sovanmachha boat or Mermaid boats. At the evening, Cambodian has illuminated floating boats at 6:00 pm to pray for the peace of the Phreh Mae Khongkhea,word of Goddess Ganga is the sacred river of all religions in India, especially the Hindus, though there is no river in Cambodia, but the Tonle Sap is still the water lord. Not a seafaring river, such as a river, a river, a water source for raising livestock, and an abundance of silt and fish stocks, Loving and respecting mother nature and caring for the mother with gratitude and compassion for the people of Cambodia always made small Bratip to be grateful sacrifice to (Phreh Mae Khongkhea) and as a prayer given Happiness in fishing is a daily livelihood, and the history of liberalism is believed to be born in the year. (1529 AD.) In era of Ang Chan I or (Ponhea Chan). [1] [2]

At evening, according to each department, there are floating lights, colorful lights, bright lights, and fireworks celebrations. The second day of the rituals and salads are celebrated by the Khmer people to commemorate Lord Indra, who is believed to have taken place in the royal palace. King Barom Reachea I in the year (1568 AD) through dreams Set aside in the middle of the night with a burnt incense first, such as coconut juice and bananas, when it is time to squeeze in your hands, they cling to your nose and look at the moon when you are alone with your nostrils. And the early psychological crisis of the following year is an ancient belief that some of you may not know. At the rituals, they can play gambling as a group of members who are more excited and use scoffing rituals to keep your members up to the level of laughter to decide to lose, and you lose the banana with bananas until you.[citation needed]

History Illumination Floating boats[edit]

Bondet Bratip
Illuminated floating royal boat
Illumination Floating Royal Boat 2009

In the year of 1528 AD, King Ang Chan I of Longvek Kingdom ordered the Commander navy of Cambodia the name (Ponhea Tat) at Bassac districts of (Kampuchea Krom), to prepare for the Khmer armies, and to invade the Vietnamese navy Invaded the province of Preah Trapeang (now Vietnam was Tra Vinh) led by King warlord, Macding Dong of Dai Viet. The guards determined how to prepare the district to divide into three groups, the first squad, called the squad, and the boats, Like the current race boat, called the Second Sailor, called the Combat Troops and the two rows of rowing boats in the form of a race boat Today. And the third group, called Bassac Battalion, is an ark, with a sailboat, like a sailboat, called the jungle boat, and a sharpshoot Long, there is a single roof overlooking the wall without using the wall, but at night, with a candlelight, a food basket for an army called the Bratip, a rice hunt From Kampong Chhnang to Khmer Krom in Preah Trapeang Province Until the Cambodian navy won. After the victory, when King Ang Chan I reigned in the year of 1529 AD, he set up such a plaque to celebrate the victory of South-East Cambodia and to gratify the monk. Creating a liberation campaign every year with the candlelight at night to celebrate the victory and to thank to (Phreh Mae Khongkhea), then the people Everybody has practiced all small Loy Bratip of subconsciously with today's prayers, and the word Loy Bratip (លយប្រទីប) in Cambodian is a combination of the word Loy (លយ) in Thai language [see. Chuon Nath's Khmer-Khmer Dictionary, លយ (កិ.) (ស.)] and Bratip (ប្រទីប) borrowed from Pali language, thus Loy Bratip is equivalent to Loy Krathong in Thai.

Ak Ambok[edit]

Ak Ambok (Khmer: អកអំបុក, IPA: [ʔɑk ɑmboːk]) is named after the rice dish which forms part of the Bon Om Tuk ceremony. Rice is fried in the husk and then pounded with a giant pestle. The husks are removed and the special rice is mixed with coconut and banana. This traditional Khmer dish is sold throughout the festival.

Sampeah Preah Khae[edit]

Sampeah Preah Khae (Khmer: សំពះព្រះខែ, IPA: [sɑmpeəʰ preəʰ kʰaːe]) is a ceremony in which salutations are made to the moon. After the Sampeah Preah Khae ceremony people gather at a pagoda at midnight for Ak Ambok and the story legend connected the Indra God.

Recent history[edit]

Phnom Penh resumed Water Festival celebrations in 1990[4], following a 20-year break under the Lon Nol regime and then the genocidal Khmer Rouge. A few of Phnom Penh's many foreign residents started participating in the featured boat races in the mid-1990s, though in the first year of participation their boat capsized, along with two other teams, in the wake of a larger ship[4]. In 2008, five rowers drowned and a single rower drowned in 2009 during the boat races.[5]

The celebration turned tragic in 2010, when thousands became trapped and stampeded off the bridge between Phnom Penh and Diamond Island, killing 351 people and injuring 395 more[6]. Rumors spread that it was caused by fear of a coming storm or electrical shock from faulty wiring, and authorities ultimately laid blame on the swaying of the bridge[7].

Phnom Penh authorities came under fire in 2016 for sanitation, after videos of cleaning crews sweeping trash into the Tonle Sap incited anger on social media[8].

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "At Least 345 Die in Cambodian Stampede". Time Magazine. 22 November 2010. Archived from the original on 25 November 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
  2. ^ "Cambodia's Water Festival". Al Jazeera. 22 November 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
  3. ^ "Hundreds Die in Stampede on Cambodian Island". The New York Times. 22 November 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
  4. ^ a b ppp_webadmin (2003-11-07). "Barang enter Mekong Spirit in Water Festival". Phnom Penh Post. Retrieved 2018-11-18.
  5. ^ "Cambodia Water Festival turns tragic with deadly stampede". Christian Science Monitor. 22 November 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
  6. ^ Doherty, Ben (2010-11-23). "Cambodian stampede: Phnom Penh counts the cost of water festival disaster". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-11-18.
  7. ^ Press, Associated (2010-11-24). "Cambodia stampede: swaying bridge blamed for panic". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-11-18.
  8. ^ Vichea, Pang (2016-11-16). "Video shows workers sweeping Water Festival trash directly into Tonle Sap". Phnom Penh Post. Retrieved 2018-11-18.