Bovine herpesvirus 5

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Varicellovirus
Virus classification
Group: Group I (dsDNA)
Order: Herpesvirales
Family: Herpesviridae
Subfamily: Alphaherpesvirinae
Genus: Varicellovirus

Bovine herpesvirus 5 is a virus species of the Varicellovirus genus and Alphaherpesvirinae subfamily. It causes meningoencephalitis and respiratory disease in cattle and sheep. As with all herpes viruses latent infection can occur, with recrudescence at times of stressed and/or immunosuppression. Sites of latency include the CNS and mucosae of the nose and trachea. The disease has been documented in South America, the United States, Australia, Germany and Hungary. Caused by: BHV-5 — Bovine Encephalitis Virus — Bovine Encephalitis Herpesvirus

Disease is most common in calves up to ten months of age.

Clinical signs and diagnosis[edit]

Signs of respiratory disease include tachycardia and tachypnea with pyrexia, dyspnea, mucoid nasal discharge, hypersalivation and abnormal lung sounds. Systemic signs such as lethargy and anorexia are seen.

Neurological signs are normally acute. These signs include opisthotonus, hyperaesthesia, abnormal behaviour, ataxia, head pressing, blindness, proprioceptive deficits, coma and seizures. Sudden death occurs in neonates. Subacute disease almost always fatal, causing depression, anorexia, ataxia and a pronounced dyspnea.

Animals that recover from the infection or become infected following BHV-1 infection become latent carriers.

To diagnose infection, the virus is identified using specific monoclonal antibodies, PCR or ELISA. Neurological lesions should be identifiable on postmortem examination.

Treatment and control[edit]

There is currently no treatment or specific vaccine for BHV-5, but BHV-1 vaccines seem to provide some cross-protection.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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