Bovine herpesvirus 5
|Group:||Group I (dsDNA)|
Bovine herpesvirus 5 is a virus species of the Varicellovirus genus and Alphaherpesvirinae subfamily. It causes meningoencephalitis and respiratory disease in cattle and sheep. As with all herpes viruses latent infection can occur, with recrudescence at times of stressed and/or immunosuppression. Sites of latency include the CNS and mucosae of the nose and trachea. The disease has been documented in South America, the United States, Australia, Germany and Hungary. Caused by: BHV-5 — Bovine Encephalitis Virus — Bovine Encephalitis Herpesvirus
Disease is most common in calves up to ten months of age.
Clinical signs and diagnosis
Signs of respiratory disease include tachycardia and tachypnea with pyrexia, dyspnea, mucoid nasal discharge, hypersalivation and abnormal lung sounds. Systemic signs such as lethargy and anorexia are seen.
Neurological signs are normally acute. These signs include opisthotonus, hyperaesthesia, abnormal behaviour, ataxia, head pressing, blindness, proprioceptive deficits, coma and seizures. Sudden death occurs in neonates. Subacute disease almost always fatal, causing depression, anorexia, ataxia and a pronounced dyspnea.
Animals that recover from the infection or become infected following BHV-1 infection become latent carriers.
Treatment and control
There is currently no treatment or specific vaccine for BHV-5, but BHV-1 vaccines seem to provide some cross-protection.
- Bovine Herpesvirus 5, reviewed and published by WikiVet at http://en.wikivet.net/Bovine_Herpesvirus_5, accessed 23 August 2011.
- Bovine herpesvirus 5 at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)
- Delhon G, Moraes MP, Lu Z, Afonso CL, Flores EF, Weiblen R, Kutish GF, Rock DL (October 2003). "Genome of Bovine Herpesvirus 5". J. Virol. 77 (19): 10339–47. PMC . PMID 12970418. doi:10.1128/JVI.77.19.10339-10347.2003.
|This virus-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|