Boys for Pele
|Boys for Pele|
|Studio album by Tori Amos|
|Released||January 22, 1996|
|Recorded||Ireland, & Louisiana June - October 1995|
|Label||Atlantic (US), East West (Europe)|
|Tori Amos chronology|
|Singles from Boys for Pele|
Boys for Pele is the third studio album by American singer and songwriter Tori Amos. Preceded by the first single, "Caught a Lite Sneeze", by three weeks, the album was released on January 22, 1996, in the United Kingdom, on January 23 in the United States, and on January 29 in Australia. Despite the album being Amos’s least accessible radio material to date, Boys for Pele debuted at #2 on both the US Billboard 200 and the UK Albums Chart, making it her biggest simultaneous transatlantic debut, her first Billboard top 10 debut, and the highest-charting US debut of her career to date.
Boys for Pele was recorded in rural Ireland and Louisiana and features 18 songs that incorporate harpsichord, clavichord, harmonium, gospel choirs, brass bands and full orchestras. Amos wrote all of the tracks, and for the first time, she served as the producer for her own album. For Amos, the album was a step into a different direction, in terms of singing, songwriting, and recording, and is experimental in comparison to her previous work.
- 1 Origin
- 2 Production
- 3 Album cover
- 4 Marketing and promotion
- 5 Reception
- 6 Track listing
- 7 B-sides
- 8 Remixes, reissues and sales
- 9 Chart performance
- 10 Acclaim
- 11 Personnel
- 12 Release history
- 13 References
During the recording of her previous album, Under the Pink (1994), Amos's longtime professional and romantic relationship with Eric Rosse, who co-produced a considerable amount of her pre-Pele work, disintegrated. That loss, combined with a few subsequent encounters with men during the Under the Pink promotional tour, forced Amos to re-evaluate her relationship with men and masculinity. Amos explained, "In my relationships with men, I was always musician enough, but not woman enough, I always met men in my life as a musician, and there would be magic, adoration. But then it would wear off. All of us want to be adored, even for five minutes a day, and nothing these men gave me was ever enough."
Songs began appearing in fragments, often while on stage during the Under the Pink tour. After a trip to Hawaii during which Amos learned about legendary volcano goddess Pele, the album began taking shape; Amos conceived of the songs as representing stealing fire from the men in her life as well as a journey to finding her own fire as a woman. From there, Amos explained, the songs just came. "Sometimes the fury of it would make me step back, I began to live these songs as we separated. The vampire in me came out. You're an emotional vampire, with blood in the corner of your mouth, and you put on matching lipstick so no one knows."
Along this journey, Amos, who has openly discussed her experiences with psychedelic drugs, particularly in relation to Boys for Pele, did ayahuasca ceremonies with a South American shaman and experienced meeting the devil, leading her to write the track "Father Lucifer."
The album would ultimately consist of 15 full-length songs and four short "interludes". As Amos was finding "parts and pieces of myself that I had never claimed" on this journey, the 14 primary songs represent the number of body parts of the Egyptian god Osiris that his wife, the goddess Isis, had to find to put his body back together in Egyptian mythology. The arrangement of the songs on the album reflects the progression Amos intended to achieve on the double vinyl LP of the album; each of the four sides of the album on vinyl would open with an interlude track that leads into the rest of the three or four songs on each side. The vinyl release is the only version of the album in which the interludes ("Beauty Queen," "Mr. Zebra," "Way Down," and "Agent Orange") are not numbered.
Boys for Pele is Amos's first self-produced album; she would continue producing her own albums through Unrepentant Geraldines (2014). Given that the album deals with the role of women in religion and relationships, and particularly in light of her breakup with Eric Rosse, who had served as producer for her previous two albums, Amos felt that it was appropriate to take complete control over producing Boys for Pele, as a "bid for independence". Of producing the album herself, Amos said, "I was at the point I could not answer to anybody. I'd been answering my whole life to some patriarchal figure."
Theme and lyrical content
Two underlying currents run through Boys for Pele: exploring the role of women in both patriarchal religion and relationships. Amos had previously written songs in a religious and/or theological context ("Crucify" from Little Earthquakes (1992), "God" from Under the Pink), but her viewpoint takes a particularly feminist slant on this album. "The feminine part of God has been circumcised out of all religions... God (is) a patriarchal force, a very masculine energy, with the feminine having been subservient, either being the mother, the lover, the virgin, but never the equal, never to have the whole." "Muhammad My Friend", the eighth track on the album, best represents this aspect of the album's theme with the line, "It's time to tell the world/We both know it was a girl back in Bethlehem."
Amos derived the album's title from the Hawaiian volcano goddess, Pele, with the "boys" representing the men in her life. "First I wanted to sacrifice all these guys to the volcano goddess and roast them like marshmallows, then I decided they gave me a really wonderful gift," Amos said of the title. Amos herself has described the album as a novel, as a "story of the descent of a woman to gain her passion and gain her compassion," chronicling a woman's self-discovery in a male-dominated world, looking for fragments of herself and being suppressed. Songs such as "Blood Roses," "Caught a Lite Sneeze", "Hey Jupiter," "Doughnut Song" and "Putting the Damage On" deal directly with the aftermath of a break-up and a woman's reflection on the failed relationship.
"Blood Roses", which Amos had initially intended to serve as the opening track to the album, finds the singer scorned over a failed relationship, belting out lines such as, "can't forget the things you never said" and "I've shaved every place where you've been boy". Regarding "Caught a Lite Sneeze", Amos says, "the whole current is doing anything so that you don't have to face yourself. Nothing is enough"; her previous relationships with men being the song's backbone with lines like, "boys on my left side, boys on my right side, boys in the middle and you're not here, I need a big loan from the girl zone."
Amos had initially planned to record the entire album in the American South because "there's a hiddenness about the South, and I wanted to go back there because it was similar to how I felt in my relationships with men," but the bulk of the record was recorded in a church in County Wicklow, Ireland, as well as in New Orleans, Louisiana. Given her religious upbringing, Amos was drawn to record in a church, not in anger, but "with the intention of wholeness and of bringing a fragmented woman back to freedom." Amos chose to record the album in a church because it was about searching for an energy current, about claiming the passionate aspect of womanhood that the church teaches is wrong, “the idea of speaking my truth, no censorship, in a place that did not honor anyone's truth unless it was the church's truth,” “so I figured if I was going to claim my womanhood, my passion, and sing this record - which, for me, was claiming fragments that I had suppressed for a long time - then I was going to go back to a church, back to the old world, to do it.”
Aside from the symbolic reasons to record in a church, the decision was also a technical one to augment the acoustics of the music. Amos's sound engineer came up with the idea of enclosing Amos and her instruments in a box, along with a makeshift Leslie cabinet. Due to the logistics of the space, Amos stood to perform on the harpsichord and piano. The time it took for her to turn around accounts for the break in music heard in "Caught a Lite Sneeze" when switching between instruments. Amos can be heard entering the box at the beginning of the first track, "Beauty Queen", and the Leslie effect is made obvious as it is switched on and off during different parts of "Horses", itself a continuous piano piece, allowing for a clear comparison in the piano's sound with and without the cabinet.
The album's cover is a photo of Amos holding a large rifle, sitting in a rocking chair on the porch of an old wooden building. One of her legs is out of her pants and flung over the side of the chair. A snake coils around the chair and a large rooster hangs from the roof of the porch. The image is a nod to her song "Me and a Gun," which appears on the album Little Earthquakes and recounts a rape she sustained. "Well, it's [the cover of the album] a reference to Me and a Gun, a song I wrote that was on Little Earthquakes. And the idea that there's a dead cock on my right and a live snake on my left. And the idea is that death and life... creation... what it's taken me to get here with men, and I don't want to be angry anymore. And you turn it over and you put the gun down, but I'm not pretending what it's taken to get me here. But no more resentment." [Live105 San Francisco (radio) - February 7, 1996] It was taken by Cindy Palmano in October 1995 in New Orleans.
Marketing and promotion
In late 1995, Atlantic released a promotional-only CD in Germany and America simply titled Tori Amos, under catalog number PRCD-6535-2. "New Music from Tori Amos..." appeared on the front cover, and upon opening the jewel case, "...is coming soon" appears on the back of the insert. The release is a 9-track promotional compilation of Amos’s singles from her first two solo albums, meant for radio stations to play to generate interest in the forthcoming album. The track "Precious Things" is mislabeled as "These Precious Things" on both the CD and the back cover, whilst "Crucify (Remix)" is listed when in fact the album version of the song is included.
The album’s first single, "Caught a Lite Sneeze", was released commercially and to radio stations on January 2, 1996, a full three weeks prior to the album’s release. This is a marketing tactic often used to build anticipation for a forthcoming album, and a sticker accompanying the US single blatantly acknowledged this: "Hear the first new music from Tori in over 2 years!"
Amos’s marketing team made use of the internet to market and promote Boys for Pele. Some reviews provided links to the Atlantic homepage or to Amos’s homepage to listen to audio clips from the album, while others provided telephone numbers to call to listen to audio clips. "Caught a Lite Sneeze" was notable in being one of the first singles to have its worldwide release on the internet as a free download.
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|Los Angeles Times|||
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
Critics overall praised the album's expanded instrumentation, and the acoustics that recording the album in a church afforded, but otherwise reaction to the album was polarized, particularly with regard to the lyrics. Boys for Pele is more lyrically dense than Amos's two previous albums, taking poetic obscurity to new heights. Some critics praised its ultra-personal lyrics while others panned what they called its overt and excessive self-indulgence and "ozone-layer lyrics" described as unfathomable, impenetrable, and personally opaque. One scathing review suggested skipping the album, instead reading something "a little bit more intelligible--like maybe Gravity's Rainbow written in Greek", while Rolling Stone went as far to bluntly say that most of the album's lyrics are "ultimately mystifying and, well, bad". Robert Christgau of The Village Voice assigned the album a "dud" rating, indicating "a bad record whose details rarely merit further thought."
One reviewer observed that Amos's unfettered creativity due to serving as her own producer cost the album its accessibility. Amos has stated that her goal was not to make radio-friendly music with universal lyrics, and went on to say that "a song is only part lyrics and, for me anyway, more than 50% music, easy. There's so much subtext in the music that's part of the story."
All songs written and composed by Tori Amos.
|7.||"Caught a Lite Sneeze"||4:24|
|8.||"Muhammad My Friend"||3:48|
|13.||"Not the Red Baron"||3:49|
|16.||"In the Springtime of His Voodoo"||5:32|
|17.||"Putting the Damage On"||5:08|
|Japan Edition Bonus Track|
|19.||"Toodles Mr Jim"||3:09|
The 1997 UK Reissue version of the album substituted the original version of "Talula" for the Talula Mix that was released as a single. It also included the hugely successful Armand's Star Trunk Funkin' Mix of "Professional Widow" which was placed at track 5 while the other tracks were pushed down in order. However, due to time constraints, the song "In the Springtime of His Voodoo" was removed from the tracklisting.
The writing process and recording session for Boys for Pele is one of Amos's most prolific. Between the songs that were included on the album, included as B-sides, and included in later compilations, Amos composed and recorded approximately 35 songs during this time.
|"Graveyard"||0:56||"Caught a Lite Sneeze" (1996)|
|"Hungarian Wedding Song"||1:00|
|"That's What I Like Mick (The Sandwich Song)"||2:59|
|"This Old Man"||1:44|
|"Toodles Mr. Jim"||3:09|
|"Amazing Grace/Til The Chicken"||6:48|
|"Frog On My Toe"||3:40|
|"Sister Named Desire"||5:29|
The chart on the left lists only the songs that were released as B-sides on singles from Boys for Pele.
Many songs written and recorded for Boys for Pele were released in conjunction with subsequent albums or have yet to be released. Three such songs, "Cooling", "Never Seen Blue" and "Beulah Land", were recorded for inclusion on Boys for Pele, but were kept off the album, later released as B-sides on the "Spark" (1998) and "Jackie's Strength" (1998) singles.
Other songs were partially written during the Boys for Pele era and finished and released later: "Snow Cherries from France" appears on the Tales of a Librarian (2003) compilation, her final release with Atlantic; "Apollo's Frock" appears on Scarlet's Hidden Treasures (2004); and "Walk to Dublin", which was left off the album after disagreements over the musical structure of the song between Amos and her label, then revisited again during the From the Choirgirl Hotel (1998) recording sessions, was not released until A Piano: The Collection (2006).
Another song, "To the Fair Motormaids of Japan", was also recorded during the Boys for Pele recording sessions, but has yet to be released.
The Hey Jupiter EP includes live performances of some of Amos's previously released B-sides, including a cover of "Over The Rainbow", listed as "Somewhere Over the Rainbow". Amos also covered "I'm on Fire," "Landslide," and "Over the Rainbow" on VH1 Crossroads.
Remixes, reissues and sales
The album debuted at # 2 on the Billboard 200, selling 102,000 copies in its first week, and going on to achieve RIAA Gold certification in the US by early March. The album debuted at # 2 in the UK as well, making it the highest-charting transatlantic debut of any of Amos's albums. Prior to its release, the album achieved BPI Silver certification in the UK, followed by BPI Gold certification in March. By May, US sales were already nearing Platinum certification status when "Talula," the album's second US single, which also appeared in the film Twister, was released and accompanied by a sticker that read, "From Tori's new album Boys for Pele - 900,000 and climbing!". Dance remixes of "Professional Widow" were released in July and by the end of the month the single reached # 1 on the Billboard Hot Dance Music/Club Play charts in the US, the UK Dance Chart, and the Official UK Singles Chart. The successful releases of "Talula" and subsequently "Professional Widow" surged albums sales enough that Boys for Pele achieved RIAA Platinum certification in August, the day after the US release of the Hey Jupiter EP.
The success of remixes from this album led to the album being reissued in both the US and the UK. In the US, the original version of "Talula" was replaced by "Talula (The Tornado Mix)," which incorporates a minor dance beat. In the UK, "Talula (The Tornado Mix)" replaced the original version of the song and a remix of "Professional Widow" was added to the album, immediately following the original version of the song. As a result of the extra "Professional Widow" track, the song "In the Springtime of His Voodoo" was removed completely.
"In the Springtime of His Voodoo" was also remixed and released as a dance single, but was a much smaller club success. Interest in the album resurfaced when Amos sang vocals on "Blue Skies", another club and dance hit by dance music artist BT that reached # 1 on the Hot Dance/Club Play chart exactly one year after the release of Boys for Pele.
Boys for Pele remained on the Billboard 200 for 29 weeks throughout 1996, before falling off the chart in mid September. According to Billboard Magazine, the album ranked # 100 on the Year-End Album Charts of 1996 in the U.S. in December. To date, Boys for Pele is Amos's third-best selling album in the U.S.
|Billboard Top 200 (U.S.)||2|
|Official UK Albums Chart (UK)||2|
|ARIA Album Chart (Australia)||6|
|Austrian Album Chart (Austria)||9|
|Belgian Album Chart||6|
|Dutch Album Chart (the Netherlands)||6|
|Finn Album Chart (Finland)||13|
|Norway Album Chart (Norway)||27|
|Swedish Top 60||4|
|Swiss Album Chart (Switzerland)||14|
|US Billboard Hot 100
|US Modern Rock Tracks
|Hot Dance Music/Club Play
|UK Singles Chart
|Top 100 Australian Singles
|1996||"Caught a Lite Sneeze"||60||13||—||20||51|
|1996||"Professional Widow" (remix)||108∞||—||1||—||—|
|1996||"In the Springtime of his Voodoo" (remix)||125∞||—||6||—||—|
|1997||"Professional Widow (It's Got To Be Big)" (remix)||—||—||—||1||17ψ|
∞ - Denotes position on Billboard Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles
¤ - Denotes sales position on Billboard 200 for Hey Jupiter EP
ψ - Denotes position of "Hey Jupiter/Professional Widow" double A-side single
|Canada (Music Canada)||Gold||50,000^|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Gold||100,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||Platinum||1,000,000^|
*sales figures based on certification alone
Despite receiving mixed reviews upon its release, Boys for Pele has gone on to become a strong-selling album and to be cited as having been critically underrated. In 2008, The Guardian listed Boys for Pele on its list of 1,000 Albums To Hear Before You Die.
|Spin||Best Albums of 1996||13|
|Spin||Best Albums of 1996||4*|
|WXPN Philadelphia||Best Albums of 1996||11*|
|Billboard Magazine||Best Album Sales of 1996||100|
|The War Against Silence||Best Albums of 1996||4|
(*) designates readers' or listeners' lists.
- Tori Amos – Vocals, Bösendorfer piano, Harmonium organ, clavichord, Harpsichord
- George Porter, Jr. – Bass
- Steve Caton – Guitar, Electric Guitar, Mandolin, swells
- Manu Katché – Drums
- Marcel van Limbeek – Delgany Church Bells
- James Watson – Trumpet, Brass conductor
- The Black Dyke Mills Band – Brass
- The Sinfonia of London – Strings
- Philip Shenale – string arrangement
- Peter Willison – string orchestrator and conductor
- Alan Friedman – drum programming
- Clarence J. Johnson III – Soprano Sax, Tenor Sax
- Mino Cinelu – percussion
- Darrly Lewis - persussion
- Mark Mullins – Trombone, Horns
- Craig Klein – Sousaphone
- Michael Deegan – Bagpipes
- Bernard Quinn – Bagpipes
- Nancy Shanks – Additional vocals
- Tori Amos – record producer
- Mark Hawley – mixer
- Marcel van Limbeek – mixer
- Rob van Tuin – mixer
- Bob Ludwig – mastering
- Cindy Palmano – artwork, photography, art direction
- Paddy Cramsie – graphic design
- Paul Chessell – graphic design
|United Kingdom||22 January 1996||East West||CD||82862-2|
|10 February 1997||CD∞||80696-2|
|United States||23 January 1996||Atlantic||CD||82862-2|
|Canada||24 January 1996||East West||CD||8286223|
|Japan||25 February 1996||Atlantic||CD||AMCE-918|
∞ Denotes reissue
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