Branching order of bacterial phyla (Cavalier-Smith, 2002)

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Main article: Bacterial phyla

There are several models of the Branching order of bacterial phyla, one of these was proposed in 2002 and 2004 by Thomas Cavalier-Smith.[1][2] In this frame of work, the branching order of the major lineage of bacteria are determined based on some morphological characters, such as cell wall structure, and not based on the molecular evidence (molecular phylogeny).

Whereas modern molecular studies point towards the root of the tree of life being between a monophyletic Bacteria and Archaea+Eukarya (Neomura), in the Cavalier-Smith theory, the last common ancestor (cenansestor) was a Gram-negative diderm bacterium with peptidoglycan, while Archaea and Eukaryotes stem from Actinobacteria.[1][2]

LUA

Chlorobacteria (accepted name = Chloroflexi)




Hadobacteria (= Deinococcus-Thermus group)


Glycobacteria

Cyanobacteria



Gracilicutes

Spirochaetae



Sphingobacteria

Fibrobacteres




Chlorobi



Bacteroidetes





Planctobacteria

Planctomycetes




Chlamydiae




Lentisphaerae



Verrucomicrobia





Proteobacteria
Geobacteria

Deferribacteres



Acidobacteria



Thiobacteria

Deltaproteobacteria



Epsilonproteobacteria



Rhodobacteria

Alphaproteobacteria


Chromatibacteria

Betaproteobacteria



Gammaproteobacteria








Unibacteria
Eurybacteria

Thermotogae



Fusobacteria



Negativicutes





Endobacteria (=Firmicutes, Mollicutes)




Actinobacteria


Neomura

Archaea



Eukarya










See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cavalier-Smith, T (2002). "The neomuran origin of archaebacteria, the negibacterial root of the universal tree and bacterial megaclassification". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 52 (Pt 1): 7–76. doi:10.1099/00207713-52-1-7. PMID 11837318. 
  2. ^ a b Cavalier-Smith T (2006). "Rooting the tree of life by transition analyses". Biol. Direct. 1: 19. doi:10.1186/1745-6150-1-19. PMC 1586193Freely accessible. PMID 16834776.