Brighton and Shoreham Tramways
|Open||3 July 1884|
|Close||6 June 1913|
|Track gauge||3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)|
|Propulsion system(s)||Steam then horse|
|Route length||4.53 miles (7.29 km)|
The Brighton and Shoreham Tramway ran from a terminus in Southdown Road, Shoreham to Westbourne Villas in Hove, on the former boundary between Hove and Portslade. It never penetrated Hove, although a connecting horse-bus (route 112, operated by the Brighton and Preston United Omnibus Company) was available from the Westbourne Villas terminus.
Construction started in 1883 and route was opened throughout on 3 July 1884, initially with steam-driven trams. After this proved unsuccessful, other methods of propulsion were tried (including, in 1887, an early battery-powered locomotive). In 1893 these were abandoned in favour of horses.
The British Electric Traction company took over the operations in 1898, but was unable to agree with any of the local authorities on a strategy for electrification. The tramway closed in June 1913.
- The Golden Age of Tramways. Published by Taylor and Francis.
- Harley, Robert J. Brighton's Tramways, Middleton Press, 1992. ISBN 1-873793-02-2.