Broad Bottom ministry

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"Pelham ministry" redirects here. For the administration he served with Lord Carteret at the helm, see Carteret ministry.

The Broad Bottom ministry was a coalition administration of 1744–46 and 1746–54 in the Parliament of Great Britain.[1] It was led by the Pelham brothers, Henry Pelham as Prime Minister and the Duke of Newcastle as Secretary of State. Early in 1746 the king wished a change of Prime Minister, and Pelham lost power, but only briefly (see Short-lived Ministry). Returning to office he put in place a strengthened broad coalition. It persisted until his death in 1754. Beyond the more senior ministers listed below, other significant figures in the ministry from 1746 were Henry Fox as Secretary at War and William Pitt as Paymaster of the Forces.[2]

The Ministry[edit]

Office Name Term
First Lord of the Treasury[3] Henry Pelham 1744–1754
Chancellor of the Exchequer[4]
Lord Chancellor[5] The Lord Hardwicke 1744–1754
Lord President of the Council[6] The Earl of Harrington 1744–1745
The Duke of Dorset 1745–1751
The Earl Granville 1751–1754
Lord Privy Seal[7] The Lord Gower 1744–1754
Secretary of State for the Southern Department[8] The Duke of Newcastle 1744–1748
The Duke of Bedford 1748–1751
The Earl of Holderness 1751–1754
Secretary of State for the Northern Department[8] The Earl of Harrington 1744–1746
The Earl of Chesterfield 1746–1748
The Duke of Newcastle 1748–1754
Master-General of the Ordnance[9] The Duke of Montagu 1744–1749
Vacant 1749–1754
First Lord of the Admiralty[10] The Duke of Bedford 1744–1748
The Earl of Sandwich 1748–1751
The Lord Anson 1751–1754
Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland[11] The Duke of Argyll 1744–1754
Secretary of State for Scotland[12] The Marquess of Tweeddale 1744–1746
Lord Chamberlain of the Household[13] The Duke of Grafton 1744–1754
Master of the Horse[14] The Duke of Richmond 1744–1750
Vacant 1750–1751
Marquess of Hartington 1751–1754


Preceded by
Carteret ministry
Government of Great Britain
Succeeded by
Short-lived ministry
First Newcastle ministry