Buddleja incana

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Buddleja incana
Buddleja incana - Ruiz Lopez, H., Pavon, J., Flora Peruviana, et Chilensis, vol. 1 Plates 1-152 (1798-1802) - 187339 (crop).jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Genus: Buddleja
Species:
B. incana
Binomial name
Buddleja incana
Synonyms[1]
  • Buddleja incana var. pannulosa Diels
  • Buddleja rugosa Kunth

Buddleja incana is a species of shrub or tree in the family Scrophulariaceae. It is native to the Andes.[2]

Description[edit]

Buddleja incana is a dioecious tree or shrub, 4 – 15 m tall, the trunk < 50  cm at the base, the bark brownish and furrowed. The branches are subquadrangular and tomentose, and form a rounded crown. The coriaceous leaves are mostly oblong, 7 – 21 cm long by 1 – 5 cm wide, the upper surface glabrescent, often bullate or rugose, the lower white or yellowish tomentose. The yellow to orange paniculate inflorescences have 2 – 3 orders of leafy-bracted branches bearing heads 1 – 1.5 cm in diameter, each with 15 – 40 flowers, the corollas 3 – 4 mm long. Ploidy: 2n = 76.[2]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

B. incana is present in Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador and Colombia, growing in canyon bottoms along streams at elevations of 2,700 – 4,500 m.[2]

Vernacular names[edit]

Buddleja incana is called kiswar in Quechua,[3][4] kiswara in Aymara,[5] quishuar in Spanish.[6]

Uses[edit]

The leaves are used in folk medicine against toothache and as diuretic.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Synonyms: Tropicos
  2. ^ a b c d Norman, E. M. (2000). Buddlejaceae. Flora Neotropica 81. New York Botanical Garden, USA
  3. ^ Teofilo Laime Ajacopa, Diccionario Bilingüe Iskay simipi yuyayk'ancha, La Paz, 2007 (Quechua-Spanish dictionary)
  4. ^ Diccionario Quechua - Español - Quechua, Academía Mayor de la Lengua Quechua, Gobierno Regional Cusco, Cusco 2005 (Quechua-Spanish dictionary)
  5. ^ Yatiqirinaka Aru Pirwa, Lima, 2005 (Aymara-Spanish dictionary)
  6. ^ Meza, Mario Vargas (2002). Ecología y biodiversidad del Ecuador (in Spanish). M. Vargas. pp. 197, 210. ISBN 9789978424032.

External links[edit]