Burguete horse

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Burguete
Auritzeko zaldia arra.JPG
Conservation status
Other names
Country of originSpain
Usehorsemeat[3]:448
In Ochagavía, Navarre

The Burguete (Spanish: Caballo Burguete or Caballo de Raza Burguete, Basque: Aurizko zaldia) is a Spanish breed of horse from the autonomous community of Navarre in north-eastern Spain. It is listed in the Catálogo Oficial de Razas de Ganado de España in the group of autochthonous breeds in danger of extinction.[4] It is reared principally for horsemeat.[5][6]

It is one of four Basque breeds of horse, the others being the Jaca Navarra, the Pottoka and the Euskal Herriko Mendiko Zaldia or Basque Mountain Horse.[7]:670

Name[edit]

The name, both in Basque and in Spanish, is derived from that of the municipio of Auritz/Burguete.[5]

History[edit]

The Burguete derives from cross-breeding of indigenous Basque mares of the Jaca Navarra with foreign stallions of Trait Breton, Postier Breton and Percheron breeds, and later with Ardennes and Comtois stock. It received recognition from the national government in 1979, when it was included in the Catálogo Oficial de Razas de Ganado de España.[8]:453

In 2019 there were 1532 breeding mares and 307 active stallions.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barbara Rischkowsky, D. Pilling (eds.) (2007). List of breeds documented in the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources, annex to The State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 9789251057629. Accessed January 2021.
  2. ^ Breed data sheet: Burguete / Spain (Horse). Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed January 2021.
  3. ^ Valerie Porter, Lawrence Alderson, Stephen J.G. Hall, D. Phillip Sponenberg (2016). Mason's World Encyclopedia of Livestock Breeds and Breeding (sixth edition). Wallingford: CABI. ISBN 9781780647944.
  4. ^ Raza equino caballar Burguete: Datos Generales (in Spanish). Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación. Accessed January 2021.
  5. ^ a b Burguete de Navarra: ganado equino caballar (in Spanish). Federación Española de Asociaciones de Ganado Selecto. Accessed January 2021.
  6. ^ Raza equino caballar Burguete: Usos y sistema de explotación (in Spanish). Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación. Accessed January 2021.
  7. ^ A. Solis, B. M. Jugo, J. C. Mériaux, M. Iriondo, L. I. Mazón, A. I. Aguirre, A. Vicario, A. Estomba (2005). Genetic Diversity Within and Among Four South European Native Horse Breeds Based on Microsatellite DNA Analysis: Implications for Conservation. Journal of Heredity 96 (6, November/December 2005): 670–678. doi:10.1093/jhered/esi123. (subscription required).
  8. ^ Miguel Fernández Rodríguez, Mariano Gómez Fernández, Juan Vicente Delgado Bermejo, Silvia Adán Belmonte, Miguel Jiménez Cabras (eds.) (2009). Guía de campo de las razas autóctonas españolas (in Spanish). Madrid: Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino. ISBN 9788449109461.
  9. ^ Raza equino caballar Burguete: Datos Censales (in Spanish). Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación. Accessed January 2021.