Burin Peninsula

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Burin Peninsula is located in Newfoundland
Burin Peninsula
Burin Peninsula
Location of Burin Peninsula in Newfoundland

The Burin Peninsula (/ˈbjʊərɪn/ BYOOR-rin)[1] is a peninsula located on the south coast of the island of Newfoundland in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

The Burin Peninsula extends to the southwest from the main island of Newfoundland, separating Fortune Bay to the west from Placentia Bay to the east. It measures approximately 130 km (81 mi) in length and between 15 to 30 kilometres (9.3–18.6 mi) in width. It is connected by a 30 km (19 mi) wide isthmus between Terrenceville and Monkstown.

It was originally named the Buria Peninsula by fishermen from the Basque region during the 16th century. The peninsula is also known as "The Boot" by locals and people across the province. The peninsula received this nickname because of its boot-like shape.

Economy[edit]

For centuries there were plentiful cod, other fish and crustaceans, which supplied a thriving fishing industry. The eventual collapse of the Atlantic northwest cod fishery led to local mass unemployment during the second half of the 1990s.

In response to a decline in the cod fishery industry, the Newfoundland government refurbished the Marystown shipyard in 1992.[citation needed] Ownership left Canada when the American company Friede Goldman Ltd. bought the facility in 1998, and remained in American hands when ownership changed again in 2002 to Kiewit Offshore Services Ltd.[citation needed] By 2019, the shipyard had been idle for four years and was acquired by Marbase Marystown Inc. (usually just Marbase), under a 20-year lease with the intention of establishing a service hub supporting regional aquaculture, the first of its kind in Canada.[2][3] Marbase is a partnership between one Newfoundland businessman, Paul Antle, and the Norwegian company Amar Group AS.[3]

In 2019, Marbase Cleanerfish Ltd., began work on a commercial lumpfish hatchery in Marystown, with an anticipated customer base of Atlantic salmon farm operators.[4] As of 2020, government approval of the work in relation to environmental impact had not yet been completed.[4]

Fluorspar (also called fluorite) deposits had been noted on the peninsula as early as 1843 but it was not until 1933 that mining began. The operation was started by American Walter Siebert whose company was named the St. Lawrence Corporation of Newfoundland. Backbreaking work and no pay initially, finally led to a more significant mine by 1937; a second mine also opened in 1937, the American Newfoundland Fluorspar Company. The fluorspar mines in St. Lawrence were major employers until business declined in the 1970s; the mines had closed by 1978. In 2011 Canada Fluorspar Inc. outlined preparations to open a fluorspar mine on the site of the old mine. The federal government provided $5 million in funding in 2017 and the provincial government provided a loan of $17 million to finance the re-opening. Production finally commenced in mid-2018.[5][6]

Communities[edit]

Al Capone sign near Point May

Route 210 traverses the length of the Burin Peninsula, running along the northwest side of the peninsula between Marystown and Fortune.[7] Route 220 runs from Fortune to Marystown on the southern side. A short connecting road Route 222 runs between these two roads west of Marystown. Routes 211, 212, 213, 214, 215, and 221 are numbered local roads.

The Burin Peninsula's economy is tied to the ocean, consequently most of its settlements are located on the coast; some are outports and have no road connection (such as South East Bight).[8][9]

The French Islands of St. Pierre et Miquelon are the last colonies of France in North America, they are located just a 25 km ferry ride from Fortune.[10][11]

Communities on the north coast of the peninsula, beginning in the east:

Communities on the south coast of the peninsula, beginning in the west:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Canadian Press (2017), The Canadian Press Stylebook (18th ed.), Toronto: The Canadian Press
  2. ^ Roberts, Terry (26 September 2019). "Sale of Marystown shipyard raises hopes for aquaculture growth, job creation". CBC.ca. CBC. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  3. ^ a b Farrell, Colin (28 November 2018). "Marystown Marine Workers happy with final agreement with Marbase". The Telegram. St. Johns, Newfoundland and Labrador: Saltwire Network. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Marystown Marbase Cleanerfish Hatchery". Environmental Assessment - Projects. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. 2020. Registration 2062. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  5. ^ "St. Lawrence fluorspar mine gets $5M from feds, hundreds of jobs touted". CBC News. March 15, 2017.
  6. ^ First fluorspar from St. Lawrence mine to ship this week: Haley
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ Gale, Paula (November 25, 2017). "Faces and Places: A peek inside the isolated outport of South East Bight". cbc.ca. CBC News. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
  9. ^ "South East Bight – Petite Forte ferry schedule". Transportation and Infrastructure. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  10. ^ [2]
  11. ^ [3]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°23′N 55°07′W / 47.38°N 55.11°W / 47.38; -55.11