Burnham, Buckinghamshire

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Burnham
Burnham, St Peter's Church - geograph.org.uk - 1118895.jpg
St Peter's parish church
Burnham is located in Buckinghamshire
Burnham
Burnham
Burnham shown within Buckinghamshire
Area 19.84 km2 (7.66 sq mi)
Population 11,630 (2011 census)[1]
• Density 586/km2 (1,520/sq mi)
OS grid reference SU9282
Civil parish
  • Burnham
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Slough
Postcode district SL1
Dialling code 01628
Police Thames Valley
Fire Buckinghamshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire
51°32′N 0°40′W / 51.54°N 0.66°W / 51.54; -0.66Coordinates: 51°32′N 0°40′W / 51.54°N 0.66°W / 51.54; -0.66

Burnham is a large village and civil parish that lies north of the River Thames in the South Bucks District of Buckinghamshire, on the boundary with Berkshire, between the towns of Maidenhead and Slough, about 23 miles west of Charing Cross, London. It is served by Burnham railway station in the west of Slough on the main line between London Paddington and Reading. The M4 motorway passes through the south of the parish.

History[edit]

The toponym is derived from the Old English for "homestead on a stream".[2] It was first recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Burneham, when the manor was held by Walter FitzOther.

Burnham was once a very important village. The road from London to Bath (now the A4) passed through the extensive parish of Burnham and as a result, in 1271, a Royal charter was granted to hold a market and an annual fair. However, when the bridge crossing the Thames in Maidenhead opened, the road was diverted away from Burnham, which fell into relative decline. The market was then transferred to Maidenhead.

Today the village is nearly contiguous with west Slough, though green-buffered by parkland. At the 2011 census the civil parish had a population of 11,630 and Burnham is the traditional village nucleus.[1]

Parish Church[edit]

The Church of England parish church of Saint Peter dates in part from the 12th century but has been substantially expanded, refurbished and altered, with major restorations in 1863–64 and 1891 and the construction of the Cornerstone Centre in 1986.[3]

Burnham Abbey[edit]

In 1265 a Benedictine women's abbey was founded near the village by Richard, Earl of Cornwall. The community was dispersed under King Henry VIII in the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Since 1916, a contemplative order of Church of England Augustinian nuns has been based in the restored remains of the original abbey.

Hamlets[edit]

The parish of Burnham included a number of communities: in the 18th century the liberties assessed for the poor rate were Burnham Town, East Burnham, Boveney, Britwell, Cippenham and Wood.[4] Boveney became a separate civil parish in 1866[5] Cippenham was transferred to Slough in 1930,[6] and therefore became part of Berkshire in 1974. Britwell was transferred to the borough of Slough and to Berkshire in 1974.

The current civil parish now includes Lent Rise, Rose Hill, East Burnham, Hitcham, Littleworth and Littleworth Common.

Schools[edit]

Burnham Grammar School and The E-ACT Burnham Park Academy provide secondary education to the children of Burnham and the surrounding area. Many students, however, commute to the nearby secondary schools in Slough.[citation needed] Priory School is the largest primary school in the area and provides primary education for many of the local children,[citation needed] although the smaller "Our Lady of Peace" Roman Catholic primary school is next to Priory School.

Amenities[edit]

The Old Five Bells

There are four pubs on Burnham's High Street, with two more on the adjacent Church Street and Britwell Road.[7]

Burnham Football Club is a Non-League football team that plays at The Gore.

Burnham has a Local nature reserve on the eastern border of the village called Haymill Valley.[8]

Burnham Beeches National Nature Reserve, an area of 540 acres (220 ha) of protected ancient woodland, lies just north of the village. Owing to its proximity to Pinewood Film & TV Studios, Burnham and its surrounding areas (in particular Burnham Beeches) feature in films, notably main scenes in Carry On films and for the 1991 film Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves.

The major National Trust estate of Cliveden is about three miles northwest, in the neighbouring parish of Taplow. Dorneywood, currently the country home of the UK Chancellor of the Exchequer, is in Burnham parish.

The River Thames is about two miles south and west of the village centre. The major rowing venue of Dorney Lake is nearby. There are three golf courses (Huntswood, Lambourne, Burnham Beeches) to the north and west of the village.

Transport links[edit]

The village has very good transport links. In addition to Burnham railway station (future Crossrail) and the nearby M4, the Chiltern Main Line and the M40 are accessible about 4 miles north at Beaconsfield. Heathrow airport is about 8 miles east.

Demography[edit]

2011 Published Statistics: Population, home ownership and extracts from Physical Environment, surveyed in 2005[1]
Output area Homes owned outright Owned with a loan Socially rented Privately rented Other km² roads km² water km² domestic gardens km² domestic buildings km² non-domestic buildings Usual residents km²
Civil parish 1632 1748 780 472 60 0.716 0.057 1.907 0.355 0.122 11630 19.84

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005
  2. ^ Warminster, Phil; Wiltshire, Devises. "Old English Translator - Contact me". Old English Translator. lue Engine Web Development 2008-2017. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 
  3. ^ St. Peter's Church Burnham – a brief history
  4. ^ 'Parishes: Burnham with Lower Boveney', in A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 3, ed. William Page (London, 1925), pp. 165-184. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/bucks/vol3/pp165-184 [accessed 23 April 2016]
  5. ^ GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Boveney Ch/ParLib/CP through time | Census tables with data for the Parish-level Unit, A Vision of Britain through Time. URL: http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/unit/10093508 Date accessed: 23rd April 2016.
  6. ^ Vision of Britain website[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ Whatpub.com - The Garibaldi and other nearby pubs in Burnham
  8. ^ "Magic Map Application". Magic.defra.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-04-16. 
  9. ^ Taboo-buster: the dark side of Jimmy Carr The Independent 18 November 2008
  10. ^ Tracey Ullman biography on album webpage – 'The Best of Tracey Ullman' Archived 15 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]