Burnham, Buckinghamshire

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Burnham
Burnham, St Peter's Church - geograph.org.uk - 1118895.jpg
St Peter's parish church
Burnham is located in Buckinghamshire
Burnham
Burnham
 Burnham shown within Buckinghamshire
Area  19.84 km2 (7.66 sq mi)
Population 11,630 (2011 census)[1]
   – density  586/km2 (1,520/sq mi)
OS grid reference SU9282
Civil parish Burnham
District South Bucks
Shire county Buckinghamshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Slough
Postcode district SL1
Dialling code 01628
Police Thames Valley
Fire Buckinghamshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Beaconsfield
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire

Coordinates: 51°32′N 0°40′W / 51.54°N 0.66°W / 51.54; -0.66

Burnham is a village and civil parish that lies north of the River Thames in the South Bucks District of Buckinghamshire, on the boundary with Berkshire, between the towns of Maidenhead and Slough. It is served by Burnham railway station in the west of Slough on the main line between London Paddington and Reading. The M4 motorway passes through the south of the parish.

The toponym is derived from the Old English for "homestead on a stream".[citation needed] It was first recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Burneham, when the manor was held by Walter FitzOther.

Burnham was once a very important village. The road from London to Bath (now the A4) passed through the extensive parish of Burnham and as a result, in 1271, it received a Royal charter to hold a market and an annual fair. However, when the bridge crossing the Thames in Maidenhead opened the road was diverted away from Burnham, which fell into relative decay. The market was then transferred to Maidenhead.

Today the village is mostly contiguous with Slough and green-buffered within its own areas. At the 2011 census the civil parish had a population of 11,630 and Burnham is the traditional village nucleus.[1]

In 1265 a Benedictine abbey was founded near the village by Richard, King of the Romans. This was, however, disbanded by King Henry VIII in the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Since 1916, a contemplative order of Church of England Augustinian nuns has been based in the restored remains of the original abbey.

The Church of England parish church of Saint Peter dates in part from the 12th century but has been substantially expanded, refurbished and altered, with major restorations in 1863–64 and 1891 and the construction of the Cornerstone Centre in 1986.[2]

Burnham Beeches is an area of 540 acres (220 ha) of protected ancient woodland, and is just north of the village. Dorneywood is in the parish.

Hamlets[edit]

The parish of Burnham included a number of communities: in the 18th century the liberties assessed for the poor rate were Burnham Town, East Burnham, Boveney, Britwell, Cippenham and Wood.[3] Boveney became a separate civil parish in 1866[4] Cippenham was transferred to Slough in 1930,[5] and therefore became part of Berkshire in 1974. Britwell was transferred to the borough of Slough and to Berkshire in 1974.

The current civil parish now includes Lent Rise, Rose Hill, East Burnham, Hitcham, Littleworth and Littleworth Common.

Schools[edit]

Burnham Grammar School and The E-ACT Burnham Park Academy provide secondary education to the children of Burnham and the surrounding area. Many students, however, commute to the nearby secondary schools in Slough.[citation needed] Priory School is the largest primary school in the area and provides primary education for many of the local children,[citation needed] although the smaller "Our Lady of Peace" Roman Catholic primary school is next to Priory School.

Owing to its proximity to Pinewood Film & TV Studios, Burnham and its surrounding areas (in particular Burnham Beeches) feature in films, notably main scenes in Carry On films and for the 1991 film Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves.

Amenities[edit]

The Old Five Bells

There are four pubs on Burnham's High Street, with two more on the adjacent Church Street and Britwell Road.[6]

Burnham Football Club is a Non-League football team that plays at The Gore.

Demography[edit]

2011 Published Statistics: Population, home ownership and extracts from Physical Environment, surveyed in 2005[1]
Output area Homes owned outright Owned with a loan Socially rented Privately rented Other km² roads km² water km² domestic gardens km² domestic buildings km² non-domestic buildings Usual residents km²
Civil parish 1632 1748 780 472 60 0.716 0.057 1.907 0.355 0.122 11630 19.84

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005
  2. ^ St. Peter's Church Burnham – a brief history
  3. ^ 'Parishes: Burnham with Lower Boveney', in A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 3, ed. William Page (London, 1925), pp. 165-184. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/bucks/vol3/pp165-184 [accessed 23 April 2016]
  4. ^ GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Boveney Ch/ParLib/CP through time | Census tables with data for the Parish-level Unit, A Vision of Britain through Time. URL: http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/unit/10093508 Date accessed: 23rd April 2016.
  5. ^ Vision of Britain website
  6. ^ Whatpub.com - The Garibaldi and other nearby pubs in Burnham
  7. ^ Taboo-buster: the dark side of Jimmy Carr The Independent 18 November 2008
  8. ^ Tracey Ullman biography on album webpage – 'The Best of Tracey Ullman'

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]