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Logo Calmann-Lévy 2016.png
Parent companyHachette
FounderMichel Lévy and Kalmus "Calmann" Lévy
Country of originFrance
Headquarters locationParis
Publication typesBooks

Calmann-Lévy is a French publishing house founded in 1836 by Michel Lévy as Michel Lévy frères. His brother Kalmus "Calmann" Lévy joined in 1844 and the firm was renamed Calmann Lévy in 1875 after Michel's death.[1]


In 1836, Michel Lévy (1821–1875) founded the publishing house of Michel Lévy frères. In 1844, his brother Kalmus "Calmann" Lévy (1819–1891) joined the publishing house.[2] After Michel's death in 1875, Calmann became the sole proprietor and the firm was renamed Calmann Lévy.[1] Shortly before his death, he admitted his three sons into partnership.[2]

By 1875, the company was among the foremost publishing houses of Europe. It was the publisher of most of the important French authors of the second half of the 19th century, including Balzac, Baudelaire, René Bazin, Gabriele D'Annunzio, Dumas, Flaubert, Victor Hugo,[3] Lamartine, Ernest Renan, George Sand, Stendhal. It 1891, it published the memoirs of the Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord,[4] and in 1893, the memoirs of Alexis de Tocqueville.[5] In 1893, Calmann was succeeded by his sons Georges, Paul and Gaston, who went on to publish authors including Anatole France, Pierre Loti and Proust.[6][7]

During Nazi occupation, Gaston Lévy was interned, and the publishing company, run by the Germans, was renamed Éditions Balzac in 1943. After the liberation, the company was headed by Léon Pioton. Authors edited in the postwar period include: Arthur Koestler, Elia Kazan, Anne Frank, and later Donna Leon, Nicolas Hulot, Patricia Cornwell, Guillaume Musso, among others.[8]

Present day[edit]

Since 1993, Calmann-Lévy has been owned by publisher Hachette (which is in turn owned by Lagardère Group).[8]


  1. ^ a b « La fulgurante saga familiale des frères Lévy, inventeurs de l’édition moderne », Noémie Grynberg, Israel Magazine, 2010.
  2. ^ a b Paris Dispatch to the London Daily Telegraph (5 July 1891). "CALMANN-LEVY'S DEATH". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 November 2020.
  3. ^ Juliette Drouet - Édition des Lettres de Juliette Drouet à Victor Hugo ISSN 2271-8923 Accessed 14 February 2016
  4. ^ "TALLEYRAND'S MEMOIRS.; MEMOIRS OF THE PRINCE DE TALLEYRAND. Edited with a preface and notes by the Duo de Broglie of the French Academy. Translated by Mrs. Angus Hall. Vol. IV. G.P. Putnam's Sons. New-York and London. 1891. MEMOIRES DU PRINCE DE TALLEYRAND. Publies avec une preface el des notes par le Duo de Broglie dedl'Acadmie Francaise, IV. Paris: Calmann-Levy. Editeur: 1891. New-York: Boston". The New York Times. 20 December 1891. Retrieved 2 November 2020.
  5. ^ "DE TOCQUEVILLE MEMOIRS; AMERICA, LOUIS PHILIPPE, AND LOUIS NAPOLEON. SOUVENIRS DE ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE. Publies par le Comte de Tocqueville. Paris; Calmann Levy. New-York; Amblard & Meyer Brothers". The New York Times. 2 April 1893. Retrieved 2 November 2020.
  6. ^ "CALMANN-LEVY, 77, PUBLISHER, IS DEAD; Head of the House Which First Printed Works of Anatole France Succumbs in Paris". The New York Times. 10 February 1937. Retrieved 2 November 2020.
  7. ^ "Letter from Gaston Calmann-Lévy to Marcel Proust, 25 June 1918". University of Illinois Library. Retrieved 2 November 2020.
  8. ^ a b Mollier, Jean-Yves (2014). Michel & Calmann Lévy: Ou la naissance de l'édition moderne 1836-1891 (in French). Calmann-Lévy. ISBN 978-2-7021-5100-6. Retrieved 2 November 2020.

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