Calypso (album)

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Calypso
Belafontecalypso.jpg
Studio album by Harry Belafonte
Released 1956
Recorded August 18, October 20, November 9, 1955 at Webster Hall, New York City
Genre Mento, calypso
Length 31:23
Label RCA Victor
Producer Ed Welker, Herman Diaz Jr., Henri René
Harry Belafonte chronology
Belafonte
(1955)
Calypso
(1956)
An Evening with Belafonte
(1957)

Calypso is the third studio album by recording artist Harry Belafonte, released by RCA Victor (LPM-1248) in 1956. The album became his second consecutive number-one album on the Billboard Top Pop Albums chart, where it peaked for 31 weeks.

In 2018, it was selected for preservation in the National Recording Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or artistically significant."[1]

Album information[edit]

The first track "Day-O (Banana Boat Song)" largely contributed to the success of the album and it is still the song for which Harry Belafonte is best known, reaching number five on Billboard's Pop chart. "Star-O", the sixth track on the album, is essentially a short reprise of "Day-O", with slightly different lyrics.

It is a traditional Jamaican folk song, not a calypso, sung from the point of view of dock workers working the night shift loading bananas onto ships. Daylight has come, the shift is over, and they want their work to be counted up so that they can return to their homes (this is the meaning of the lyric "Come, Mr. Tally Man, tally me banana / Daylight come and me wan' go home.")

The third track, "Jamaica Farewell", is a calypso folk song about the beauties of the West Indian islands and a love left behind. This was the first album on which the song was published. The song was released as a single, reaching number 14 on Billboard's Pop chart, becoming the second hit from the album.

Reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
Allmusic5/5 stars [2]

Calypso is the first LP record album to sell over one million copies. Several single records, including Glenn Miller's "Chattanooga Choo-Choo," Bing Crosby's "White Christmas," and Tennessee Ernie Ford's "Sixteen Tons" had surpassed 1 million copies previously. The album is number four on Billboard's "Top 100 Album" list for having spent 31 weeks at number 1, 58 weeks in the top ten, and 99 weeks on the U.S. charts. Allmusic gave the album 5 stars out of 5 and called it, "a record of inestimable influence".

Popular culture[edit]

Belafonte's original recording of "Day-O" was heard in the dinner scene in the Tim Burton film Beetlejuice. Belafonte appeared in a "Day-O" music video promoting the film. "Man Smart (Woman Smarter)" was also featured in Beetlejuice as well as episodes of The Simpsons and I Love Lucy.

Track listing[edit]

No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Day-O (The Banana Boat Song)"Traditional, arranged by William Attaway, Harry Belafonte, Lord Burgess3:02
2."I Do Adore Her"Lord Burgess2:48
3."Jamaica Farewell"Lord Burgess3:02
4."Will His Love Be Like His Rum?"Attaway, Belafonte2:33
5."Dolly Dawn"Lord Burgess3:13
6."Star-O"Harry Belafonte, Lord Burgess, William Attaway2:02
7."The Jack-Ass Song"Lord Burgess, William Attaway2:52
8."Hosanna"Lord Burgess, William Attaway2:34
9."Come Back Liza"Lord Burgess, William Attaway3:03
10."Brown Skin Girl"Norman Span2:43
11."Man Smart (Woman Smarter)"Norman Span3:31

Personnel[edit]

  • Harry Belafonte – vocals
  • Millard J. Thomas – guitar (1, 4, 6, 7)
  • Frantz Casseus – guitar
  • Tony Scott and His Orchestra (2, 3, 5, 8, 9, 10, 11)
  • The Norman Luboff Choir (8, 9, 10)

Production notes:

  • Ed Welker – producer
  • Herman Diaz Jr. – producer
  • Henri René – producer ("Man Smart (Woman Smarter)")
  • Tony Scott – conductor
  • Brock Peters – chorus leader
  • Roy Stevens – cover photo
  • William Attaway – liner notes

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Recording Registry Reaches 500". Library of Congress. March 21, 2018. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  2. ^ link