|Municipality of Camalaniugan|
Map of Cagayan with Camalaniugan highlighted
|Region||Cagayan Valley (Region II)|
|Founded||June 15, 1596|
|Barangays||28 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Isidro T. Cabaddu|
|• Electorate||14,193 voters (2016)|
|• Total||76.50 km2 (29.54 sq mi)|
|Population (2015 census)|
|• Density||330/km2 (840/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)78|
|Climate type||tropical monsoon climate|
|Income class||4th municipal income class|
Camalaniugan is politically subdivided into 28 barangays.
- Afunan Cabayu
- Casili Norte
- Catotoran Norte
- Centro Norte (Poblacion)
- Centro Sur (Poblacion)
- Dammang Norte
- Casili Sur
- Catotoran Sur
- Dammang Sur (Felipe Tuzon)
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The town was named after the "malaniug" trees which grew in abundance during the early years.
Camalaniugan was founded on June 15, 1596, a rather early date because of its proximity to Nueva Segovia (Lallo). San Jacinto de Polonia was selected as their patron saint. The early settlers were the Ybanags and Ilocanos, both peace-loving citizens. They built their houses along the banks of the Cagayan River. They brought with them their knowledge of farming and skills in making weapons. According to the story related by the elders, among these "happy" settlers was Guiab, a famous strongman and leader of Camalaniugan. He did not like the missionaries. Because of this, he was arrested and later hanged from a malaniug tree by order of Juan Pablo Carreon. For years the people suffered injustice.
Between the year 1887-1888, Fray Marcelino Cascos, O.P., built a convent. It was in this convent where Col. Daniel Tirona billeted his men after arresting the missionaries when he occupied the town in 1898.
It is in this town where the oldest Christian bell in the Far East is located. It is also the birthplace of Don Vicente Nepomuceno, author of the history book "Historia Nac Cagayan" which is written in Ybanag.
|Population census of Camalaniugan|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
In the 2015 census, the population of Camalaniugan was 24,923 people, with a density of 330 inhabitants per square kilometre or 850 inhabitants per square mile.
- "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Province: Cagayan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region II (Cagayan Valley)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region II (Cagayan Valley)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903 – 2007). "Region II (Cagayan Valley)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Cagayan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.