Cambodian general election, 2008
All 123 seats to the National Assembly
62 seats needed for a majority
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Prime Minister Hun Sen announced the planned date of the election on 30 May 2007, saying that the date of 27 July 2008 had been decided on because it was a holiday and because it fell exactly five years after the last election. While the ruling Cambodian People's Party was expected to retain its majority, Funcinpec was considered likely to fall behind the two major opposition parties, the Sam Rainsy Party and the Sangkum Jatiniyum Front Party. The newly founded Human Rights Party was also expected to make an impact.
By the deadline of 12 May 2008, only twelve parties had registered for the election, only half of the 23 parties which contested the 2003 elections and a third of the 39 in the 1998 elections. Ten of those parties fielded candidates in all of Cambodia's 24 provinces and municipalities, while the remaining two fielded candidates in only nine and seven provinces, respectively. Ten parties were approved, one was asked to submit more documents and subsequently approved and one was denied registration.
The EU observing mission stated that based on the provisional results, the lead of the CPP was so large that there would have to be very large-scale fraud in order to call the CPP's victory into question. They still criticised the disenfranchisement of a large number of voters, but lauded the improvement over the 2003 elections; on the whole, however, the election fell short of international standards.
Preliminary results from CPP sources indicated that the CPP had won 58.3% of the vote and 91 seats, whilst the SRP had won 21.9% of the vote and 26 seats, with the Human Rights Party on three seats, the NRP on two and FUNCINPEC with one. NGOs and other supervising bodies stated that the distribution was more likely 70 for CPP and 50 for SRP.
|Cambodian People's Party||3,492,374||58.1%||90|
|Sam Rainsy Party||1,316,714||21.9%||26|
|Human Rights Party||397,816||6.62%||3|
|Norodom Ranariddh Party||337,943||5.62%||2|
|League for Democracy||68,909||1.15%||—|
|Khmer Democratic Party||32,386||0.54%||—|
|Democratic Movement Party||25,065||0.42%||—|
|Society of Justice Party||14,112||0.23%||—|
|Khmer Republican Party||11,693||0.19%||—|
|Khmer Anti-Poverty Party||9,501||0.16%||—|
|Total (turnout 74.0%)||6,010,277||123|
Prime Minister Hun Sen claimed victory the day after the elections, The stand-off with Thailand over the Preah Vihear Temple was widely seen as a successful attempt of the ruling CPP to garner more support. Analysts expected the CPP to increase its majority; as the constitution was amended to remove the need for a two-thirds majority to govern, requiring the more common simple majority instead, it was considered likely that the CPP would be able to govern without a coalition partner.
The CPP announced it would retain its coalition with the severely diminished FUNCINPEC, but ordered its leaders Keo Puth Rasmey and his wife Princess Arun Rasmey to stand down and let army general Nhek Bun Chhay take over; he would be the first non-royal to lead FUNCINPEC.
The SRP, HRP and NRP threatened to boycott the first parliamentary session unless the irregularities were investigated; the PM replied that in that case, the opposition's seats would be redistributed between CPP and FUNCINPEC.
- Cambodian PM sets election date on July 27 next year Xinhua, 30 May 2007
- Fewer parties register for parliamentary election of Cambodia Xinhua
- Election committee: Less parties but more representation in Cambodian election 2008 Xinhua
- 11 parties finally approved to join parliamentary election of Cambodia Xinhua
- Ten parties approved to join parliamentary election of Cambodia Xinhua
- 2 Cambodian parties make alliance before general election Xinhua
- CAMBODIA: Polls Were Fair - EU Observer IPS News
- EU criticises Cambodia election BBC News
- CPP claims 88 to 91 seats at National Assembly of Cambodia Xinhua
- Hun Sen rivals reject his election win in Cambodia AFP
- CPP takes lead in 4th general election of Cambodia Xinhua
- Hun Sen claims Cambodia vote win Al Jazeera
- Political tensions driving temple row BBC News
- Cambodian ruling party heads to poll win Associated Press Archived August 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- Cambodian rulers claim poll win BBC News
- Cambodia's ruling party forms coalition, but says royals are out Monsters and Critics
- Cambodian opposition warned not to boycott NA Xinhua