Canadian Air and Space Museum
|Location||A parking lot on GTAA property in Toronto, Ontario. Not open to the public.|
The Canadian Air and Space Museum (formerly the Toronto Aerospace Museum) was an aviation museum that was located in Toronto, Ontario, featuring artifacts, exhibits and stories illustrating a century of Canadian aviation heritage and achievements. The museum was located in a hangar that once housed the original de Havilland Canada aircraft manufacturing building, but in September 2011 the museum and all of the other tenants in the building were evicted by the landlord, the Crown Corporation, PDP (Downsview Park). The site was slated for redevelopment as a new sports centre but after closing the museum the development was placed on hold. The museum is developing a new location and its collections are currently not available for public viewing.
Located in what is now known as Downsview Park, the hangar was later appropriated by the Royal Canadian Air Force as a part of RCAF Station Downsview, and then later as CFB Toronto, which was closed in April 1996. On September 20, 2011, after the order to vacate the premises, the museum's collection was transferred to forty-four, 40-foot freight containers and stored in a parking lot on the Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) property in Toronto.
When it was active the institution was largely run by volunteers and had the goal of educating visitors on the Canadian aerospace industry and technology. It is a registered Canadian non-profit organization.
The museum was housed in what was the original factory for the de Havilland Aircraft of Canada. It is the oldest surviving aircraft factory building in Canada. This building saw the creation of the de Havilland Beaver and Otter bush planes which helped to open the Canadian North, and was also the place where Alouette I, the first Canadian satellite was assembled.
Originally named the Toronto Aerospace Museum, the museum was re-launched under its new name, the Canadian Air and Space Museum, on February 20, 2009. To add space exploration to the museum's mandate the board contemplated a series of possible names. Since the national museum in Ottawa was called the "National Aviation Museum" and also had no space mandate, the name "Canadian Air and Space Museum" (CASM) was chosen. About one year after the successful rebranding and launch in Downsview the National Museum in Ottawa moved its space artifacts from the Science Museum to the National Aviation Museum and rebranded itself as the Canada Aviation and Space Museum which led to considerable confusion since Ottawa also adopted the acronym CASM.
At that time the Downsview museum had plans to further renovate the premises to better house their large exhibits and to provide more detailed information for visitors and school programs. Plans included specific galleries to house the full-sized Avro Arrow replica, another for the Avro Lancaster and additional galleries dedicated to the history of the de Havilland aircraft company, Canadian achievements in space, including a theatre and planetarium.
The museum was given the notice of eviction from its hangar ostensibly for failure to pay over C$100,000 in back rent, even though the museum was in the process of repaying the rent owed and had been assured they would not be evicted. The museum relocated the collection into storage by March 2012 before subsequently learning that all of the other tenants of 65 Carl Hall Road had also been served eviction notices and that Downsview Park intended to replace the entire facility with a hockey rink.
Media reports indicate that the museum held its last day open on 25 September 2011 and also launched a massive campaign to save the museum, including enlisting the aid of historians like Jack Granatstein as well as starting a petition. On September 21, 2011 Toronto Councillor Maria Augimeri proposed a motion that "City Council call on the Federal Government to recognize the contributions of Canadian aerospace and aviation innovation; grant the Canadian Air and Space Museum (CASM) located on the site of the former military base in Downsview, a long-term reprieve and provide assurances of its preservation on the Downsview lands." The motion was passed unanimously.
On 29 October 2011 it was reported that, although the museum building had previously been listed as a federal Heritage Building by both Parks Canada and the Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office, these listings had recently disappeared and Parks Canada claimed that they had been erroneous.
Collection and exhibits
The museum's collection includes: an Avro Lancaster that was undergoing restoration; a full-scale replica of the Avro Arrow, a de Havilland Tiger Moth, Grumman Tracker and many other Canadian-made aircraft. The museum also houses the original equipment that was used to build over a thousand Curtiss JN-4 biplanes in between 1917 and 1918, flight training simulators from the 1940s and 1950s, and exhibits relating to the history of Downsview air force base.
- AEA Silver Dart Replica on loan
- Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow replica
- Avro Lancaster FM104 Restoration Project
- Beechcraft CT-134 Musketeer
- Canadair CT-114 Tutor
- CT-133 Silver Star
- de Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk
- de Havilland Tiger Moth DH82C
- de Havilland Canada CS2F Tracker (Currently in storage.)
- Fleet 80 Canuck
- Found Brothers Aviation FBA-2A (Currently in storage.)
- SHARP (Stationary High-Altitude Relay Platform)
- UFM Easy Riser ultralight
- UTIAS Ornithopter No.1 - University of Toronto Institute for Aerospace Studies
- Zenair CH 200
- Alvis Leonides
- de Havilland Gipsy Major
- Iroquois Jet Engine replica
- Pratt & Whitney R-1830 Twin Wasp
- Pratt & Whitney Wasp Jr
- Rolls-Royce Derwent
- The First DH82C Tiger Moth original oil painting by Charles Kadin, 1998.
- Organization of Military Museums of Canada
- Military history of Canada
- de Havilland Aircraft of Canada Ltd
- Downsview Park
- List of aerospace museums
- "Canadian Air & Space Museum - Visit Us".
- Amy Dempsey, "Air and Space Museum to become ice rink", Toronto Star, September 20, 2011
- Niles, Russ (September 2011). "Canadian Air Museum Evicted". AVweb. Retrieved 24 September 2011.
- "Toronto's Canadian Air & Space Museum shut down". The Vancouver Sun. 24 September 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
- Allick, Chantaie (September 2011). "Air museum volunteers still hoping for reprieve". Toronto Star. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Teacher Information".
- "About us".
- About Us, accessed February 20, 2009
- "The New Canadian Air & Space Museum Celebrates The Canadian Centennial Of Flight". CTV.ca. February 20, 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-20.
- Canadian Air & Space Museum (September 2011). "Eviction Notice - What Happened?". Retrieved 25 September 2011.
- Toronto City Council (September 2011). "Notice of Motion". Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- Internet Petition (September 2011). "Long-term reprieve and protection of historical site at 65 Carl Hall Road". Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- "Historic Downsview building slated for demolition". CBC. 2011-10-29. Retrieved 2011-10-31.
- "Air and Space museum faces demolition". Hamilton Spectator. 2011-10-29. Retrieved 2011-10-31.
- "Talks underway on Canadian air museum's new home | Sympatico.ca News". News.sympatico.ctvnews.ca. Retrieved 2012-09-28.
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