Candida, Campania

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Candida
Comune
Comune di Candida
Candida is located in Italy
Candida
Candida
Location of Candida in Italy
Coordinates: 40°57′N 14°53′E / 40.950°N 14.883°E / 40.950; 14.883
Country Italy
Region Campania
Province / Metropolitan city Avellino (AV)
Area
 • Total 5.43 km2 (2.10 sq mi)
Elevation 579 m (1,900 ft)
Population (December 31, 2004)
 • Total 1,129
 • Density 210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Candidesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 83040
Dialing code 0825
Patron saint St. Philip Neri
Saint day May 26
Website Official website

Candida is a small town and comune (municipality) in the province of Avellino within the Campania region of Italy. It sits on top of a hill, at an elevation of 579 metres (1,900 ft) and has around 1,100 inhabitants. It is 10 kilometres (6 mi) from Avellino.

The economy is based mainly on agriculture.

History[edit]

The first human settlements in the territory date back to the Roman times. Many ruins have been found in the localities of Cesine, Vigna, Selvetelle, Scandravoli, Giardino, Ponticelli, Gaudi, Toppa S. Andrea. The name of the town derives from the Latin "locus candidus" which means clear, shining place.

The first historical mention of the town appeared in 1045 when Candida was included, under the Lombard domination, in the Avellino county. From that time many feudal lords followed one another. The Filangieri family owned the fiefdom from 1187 with Alduino de Candida, until 1420 when Caterina Filangieri de Candida gave the fiefdom of Candida as a dowry to Sergianni Caracciolo. Then the fiefdom passed to the De Cardona, Magnacervo, Grimaldi, Saulli families back to the Caracciolos that kept it until the abolition of the feudal system.

Main sights[edit]

  • Church of SS. Trinità (monastery of Sant'Agostino), originally in Gothic style. It was rebuilt in Renaissance style after 1550.
  • Monastery and church of Montevergine, built in the 15th century.
  • Collegiata Church (1540).
  • Remains of the Lombard castle