Canopy walkway

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One of the hanging bridges of the 'Sky walk' in Santa Elena, Costa Rica disappearing into the clouds
Urban forest canopy walk in Atlanta Botanical Garden

Canopy walkways - also called canopy walks, treetop walks or treetop walkways - provide pedestrian access to the forest canopy. Early walkways consisted of bridges between trees in the canopy of a forest; mostly linked up with platforms inside or around the trees. They were originally intended as access to the upper regions of ancient forests for scientists conducting canopy research. Eventually, because they provided only limited, one-dimensional access to the trees, they were abandoned for canopy cranes. Today they serve as ecotourism attractions in places such as Dhlinza Forest, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, Taman Negara National Park, Malaysia, Sedim River, Kulim, Nyungwe National Park, Rwanda and Kakum National Park, Ghana.

The Kendeda Canopy Walk in Atlanta, Georgia, USA is a more recent variation that provides visitors with the ability to move through a 180-metre-long (600 ft) section of urban forest at an elevation of 12 metres (40 ft). The walkway construction is a somewhat unusual reverse suspension design.

Australia[edit]

Tahune Airwalk, Tasmania

Canopy or treetop walkways are especially popular attractions in Australia. They can be found in most states and a variety of environments.

Tasmania[edit]

The Tahune AirWalk is located in state forest near Geeveston in southern Tasmania. Opened in 2001 it consists of a 619 metre long elevated walkway incorporating a 37 metre high observation tower and a cantilever 50 metres above the Huon River. Other activities at the complex include zip-line hang gliding.[1]

Victoria[edit]

The Otway Fly claims to be the longest and highest treetop walk in the world, It is 600 metres long with a maximum height of 47 metres.[2] Located on freehold land in the Otway Range in western Victoria, the walk traverses mixed species forest with trees such as Myrtle beech and Mountain ash, the tallest hardwood species in the world. The mid story environment includes an abundance of soft tree ferns and other smaller trees. The Otway Fly also offers zip-line tours where customers can glide 30 metres above the floor of the rainforest. The walkway was built in 2003 for $6.5 million, it was originally operated by MFS Living and Leisure before being sold in 2011 to Merlin Entertainments, one of the worlds largest operators of tourist attractions.

Victoria also boasts the Donna Buang Rainforest Gallery. Located east of Melbourne at Cement Creek on the slopes of Mount Donna Buang, it consists of a 350 metre long metal walkway elevated one metre above ground level plus a cantilever platform 15 metres above the ground which allows canopy level views of the cool temperate rainforest.[3] While there is interpretive signage,[4] the Rainforest Gallery is unstaffed and entry is free.

New South Wales[edit]

The Illawarra Fly Treetop Walk includes a 500 metre long steel walkway up to 30 metres above the ground and a 45 metre high tower with views over the nearby Tasman Sea. The facility also includes zip-line tours.[5] Built in 2008 for a cost of $6.5 million, like the Otway Fly it was initially operated by MFS Living and Leisure until 2011 when it was sold to Merlin Entertainments.

Queensland[edit]

The Mamu Tropical Skywalk is located near Innisfail in the north of the state. Owned by the Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service, it was opened in 2008.[6] It features a 350 metre long elevated walkway that makes its way through tropical rainforest 15 metres above the ground and includes a 37 metre high observation tower.

The Tree Top Walk, was the first canopy walkway constructed in Australia. It can be found in Lamington National Park at O'Reilly's Rainforest Retreat, in southern Queensland. Built in 1988, it is 180 metres in length and constructed using 9 small suspension bridges. At its highest point it reaches 34 metres above ground level.[7]

Western Australia[edit]

Valley of the Giants Treetop Walk near Denmark in southern Western Australia is 600 metres long and includes sections up to 40 metres above the ground.[8] It is owned by the state government's Department of Parks and Wildlife.

Brunei[edit]

The Ulu Temburong National Park features an especially high (60 metres) forest canopy walkway that connects a series of treehouses. It is accessed by longboat.[9]

One of the bridges on the Sky Walk in Costa Rica

Costa Rica[edit]

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The Sky Walk traverses the Monteverde rainforest. It is over 300 metres long, has six bridges and includes a 22 metre high observation tower. It is part of a larger forest tourism complex that includes walking tracks, a pulsed gondola and ziplines. [10]

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The spiral ramp in the dome at the end of the Baumwipfelpfad

Germany[edit]

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The Baumwipfelpfad in Neuschonau, Bavaria is a 1,300 metre long walkway between 8 and 25 metres above the forest floor. It ends with a spiral climb up a 44 metre high wooden dome.[11]

Ghana[edit]

The Kakum Canopy Walkway is claimed to be the only canopy walkway in Africa. It extends for more than 300 metres and includes a viewing platform and seven bridges up to 35 metres above the forest floor.[12]

Malaysia[edit]

The Danum Valley Canopy Walkway, located in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo gives visitors views of spectacular tropical rainforest from a 300 metre long, 27 metre high canopy walkway.[13]

West Coast Treetop Walk, Hokitika

New Zealand[edit]

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Located on the rugged West Coast of the South Island of New Zealand, the West Coast Treetop Walk traverses rimu forest and was built by Australian eco-tourism company Canopy01 in 2012. It comprises a 450 metre long elevated steel walkway and cantilever at heights up to 25 metres above the forest floor with a 47 metre high viewing tower.

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At Rotorua on the North Island, Rotorua Canopy Tours operate zipline tours that incorporate sections of canopy walkway.

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Peru[edit]

The Inkaterra Canopy Walkway in the Peruvian Amazon is a 344 metre long system of seven hanging bridges, six treetop observation platforms and two 29 metre tall towers.

Samoa[edit]

At Falealupo, a village in Samoa situated at the west end of Savai'i island is the short Falealupo Rainforest Canopy Aerial Walkway which is up to 40 metres above the ground and passes through Banyan trees. It was built in 1997 and is part of a project to protect the rainforest and generate income for the local community through tourism.[14][better source needed][15] .

Treetop Walkway at Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

United Kingdom[edit]

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The 200 metre long Treetop Walkway is at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew in London. It opened in 2008 and claims to give visitors an insight into forest canopies and the birds, insects and fungi that live there. The walkway is unique in that it has an underground section allowing visitors to learn about tree roots before they climb to the canopy. [16]

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United States[edit]

Georgia[edit]

Atlanta Botanical Garden canopy walk

The Kendeda Canopy Walk is a 180 metre or 600 foot long walkway in the Atlanta Botanical Garden where people can walk through the canopy of the Storza Woods 12 metres (40 feet) above the ground. It opened in 2010 and cost $55 million to build.

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