The reserve was created by decree with Law nº 16.580 of 23 September 1974 and placed under the jurisdiction of the Instituto Estadual de Florestas (IEF). It covered 86 hectares (210 acres) in the municipality of Carmo da Mata. An audit in 2012 stated that a number of biological reserves created in 1974 on state-owned land were being re-assessed, since they no longer qualified as conservation units. These were Carmo da Mata, Colônia 31 de Março and others. As of 2016 the reserve did not appear on the list of biological reserves in the state.