Tinguá Biological Reserve

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Tinguá Biological Reserve
Reserva Biológica do Tinguá
REBIO Tinguá RJ.jpg
Serra do Tinguá mountains
Map showing the location of Tinguá Biological Reserve
Map showing the location of Tinguá Biological Reserve
Location in Brazil
Location Rio de Janeiro State
Nearest city Rio de Janeiro
Coordinates 22°32′42″S 43°23′06″W / 22.545°S 43.385°W / -22.545; -43.385Coordinates: 22°32′42″S 43°23′06″W / 22.545°S 43.385°W / -22.545; -43.385
Area 26,260 hectares (64,900 acres)
Designation Biological reserve
Created 23 May 1989

Tinguá Biological Reserve (Portuguese: Reserva Biológica do Tinguá) is a biological reserve in the Serra do Tinguá mountains, Rio de Janeiro state, eastern Brazil.


The reserve, which covers 26,260 hectares (64,900 acres), was created on 23 May 1989. It is administered by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation.[1] The reserve lies in the municipalities of Duque de Caxias, Nova Iguaçu and Petrópolis in Rio de Janeiro State.[2] It adjoins the 2,353 hectares (5,810 acres) Jaceruba Environmental Protection Area, created in 2002, to the west.[3] The biome is Atlantic Forest and includes submontane, montane and upper montane rain forest.[1] The reserve is in the Central Rio de Janeiro Atlantic Forest Mosaic, created in 2006.[4]


The Biological Reserve is a "strict nature reserve" under IUCN protected area category Ia. The purpose is to fully protect the biota and other natural attributes without direct human interference.[2] Protected species in the reserve include southern muriqui (brachyteles arachnoides), red myotis (myotis ruber), Recife broad-nosed bat (platyrrhinus recifinus), ocelot (leopardus pardalis mitis), cougar (puma concolor capricornensis), the frog species thoropa petropolitana and thoropa lutzi, Chaco eagle (Harpyhaliaetus coronatus), grey-winged cotinga (tijuca condita), Salvadori's antwren (myrmotherula minor), white-necked hawk (leucopternis lacernulatus) and white-eared parakeet (pyrrhura leucotis).[1]