Carol Smart

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Carol Smart
Born (1948-12-20) 20 December 1948 (age 68)
Residence United Kingdom
Fields Sociology, criminology
Institutions University of Manchester
Known for The study of relationships and personal lives

Carol Christine Smart[1] CBE (born 20 December 1948[2]) is a feminist sociologist and academic at the University of Manchester.[3][4] She has also conducted research about divorce and children of divorced couples.[5][6][7]

Smart is an important figure within the feminist criminology world. Her book titled Women, Crime and Criminology,[8] written in 1976, remains a key feminist critique of criminology. Smart is also the co-director of the Morgan Centre for the Study of Relationships and Personal Life at Manchester.

Career[edit]

Smart began her academic career by studying sociology at Portsmouth Polytechnic, which is now Portsmouth University. After completing her BA, she moved on to complete her masters in criminology from the University of Sheffield. She also completed her PhD in Socio-Legal studies also from Sheffield in 1983.

Smart began her teaching career at the then, Trent Polytechnic, (as a lecturer and senior lecturer). After that, she became a professor at the University of Leeds. In 2005, she moved to the Morgan Centre for the Study of Relationships and Personal Life in the Arthur Lewis Building of the University of Manchester, where she is co-director.

Smart has published works in the areas of criminology, family law and social policy. Her main interests over the last few years have been family life and intimacy and how people conduct their personal lives. Smart has done much research on divorce and separation and how this affects children, the couple and other kin, and on gay and lesbian civil partnerships and their commitment ceremonies. More recently she has been working on 'Relative Strangers',[9] a project which explores the experiences of families with donor-conceived children.

She was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2017 New Year Honours for services to the social sciences.[10]

Bibliography[edit]

Radio[edit]

Books[edit]

Journal articles[edit]

Book chapters[edit]

  • Smart, Carol (1995), "Criminological theory: its ideology and implications concerning women.", in Smart, Carol, Law, crime and sexuality : essays in feminism, London Thousand Oaks Calif: Sage Pub, pp. 16–31, ISBN 9780803989603 
  • Smart, Carol (1995), "The woman of legal discourse.", in Smart, Carol, Law, crime and sexuality : essays in feminism, London Thousand Oaks Calif: Sage Pub, pp. 186–202, ISBN 9780803989603 
  • Smart, Carol (1998), "Chapter 2: the woman of legal discourse", in Daly, Kathleen; Maher, Lisa, Criminology at the crossroads: feminist readings in crime and justice, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 21–36, ISBN 9780195113433 
  • Smart, Carol (2000), "New dimensions to gendered power relations in families.", in Cook, Joanne; Roberts, Jennifer; Waylen, Georgina, Towards a gendered political economy, New York: St. Martin's Press in association with Political Economy Research Centre, the University of Sheffield, pp. 188–204, ISBN 9780333748718 
  • Smart, Carol (2000), "Divorce in England 1950–2000: a moral tale?", in Katz, Sanford N.; Eekelaar, John; Maclean, Mavis, Cross currents: family law and policy in the United States and England, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 363–387, ISBN 9780198299448 
  • Smart, Carol; Neale, Bren (2002), "Caring, earning and changing: parenthood and employment after divorce.", in Carling, Alan; Duncan, Simon; Edwards, Rosalind, Analysing families : morality and rationality in policy and practice, London New York: Routledge, pp. 183–198, ISBN 9780415250405 
  • Smart, Carol (2003), "Chapter 10: Children and the transformation of family law.", in Dewar, John; Parker, Stephen, Family law processes, practices, and pressures: proceedings of the Tenth World Conference of the International Society of Family Law, July 2000, Brisbane, Australia, Oxford: Hart Publishing, pp. 719–720, ISBN 9781841133089 
  • Smart, Carol; Wade, Amanda (2003), "As fair as it can be? childhood after divorce.", in Jensen, An-Magritt; McKee, Lorna, Children and the changing family: between transformation and negotiation, London New York: RoutledgeFalmer, pp. 105–119, ISBN 9780415277747 
  • Smart, Carol (2005), "Changing commitments: a study of close kin after divorce.", in Maclean, Mavis, Family law and family values, Oxford Portland, Oregon: Hart Publishing Ltd, pp. 137–153, ISBN 9781841135489 
  • Smart, Carol (2006), "The ethic of justice strikes back: changing narratives of fatherhood.", in Diduck, Alison; O'Donovan, Katherine, Feminist perspectives on family law, Abingdon England New York: Glass House Publications, Routledge-Cavendish, pp. 123–138, ISBN 9780415420365 
  • Smart, Carol (2006), "Parenting disputes, gender conflict and the courts.", in Thorpe, Mathew; Budden, Rosemary, Durable solutions: The collected papers of the Family Justice Councils' Interdisciplinary Conference (and associated plenary sessions), held at Dartington Hall Conference Centre, Bristol: Family Law, Jordan Publishers, pp. 103–111, ISBN 9781846610035 
  • Smart, Carol (2006), "Preface", in Sheldon, Sally; Collier, Richard, Fathers' rights activism and law reform in comparative perspective, Oxford Portland, Oregon: Hart, pp. vii–xii, ISBN 9781847312808 
  • May, Vanessa; Smart, Carol (2007), "The parenting contest: problems of ongoing conflict over children.", in Maclean, Mavis, Parenting after partnering : containing conflict after separation, Oxford Portland, Oregon: Hart Publishing, pp. 65–80, ISBN 9781841137827 
  • Smart, Carol (2008), "Chapter 1.1 Criminological theory: its ideology and implications concerning women.", in Evans, Karen; Jamieson, Janet, Gender and crime: a reader, Maidenhead, Berkshire, England New York: Open University Press, pp. 5–15, ISBN 9780335225231  (Available online.)
  • Smart, Carol (2009), "Making kin: relationality and law", in Bottomley, Anne; Wong, Simone, Changing contours of domestic life, family and law : caring and sharing., Oxford Portland, Oregon: Hart Publishing, pp. 7–24, ISBN 9781841139043 
  • Smart, Carol (2010), "Resensando el derecho de familia. (Rethinking family law.)", in Heim, Daniela; Bodelón González, Encarna, Derecho, género e igualdad : cambios en las estructuras jurídicas androcéntricas, 1, Bellaterra: Grupo Antígona, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, pp. 355–372, ISBN 9788469291900 
  • Smart, Carol (2011), "Close relationships and personal life.", in May, Vanessa, Sociology of personal life, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire New York: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 35–47, ISBN 9780230278974 
  • Smart, Carol (2011), "Children's personal lives.", in May, Vanessa, Sociology of personal life, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire New York: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 98–108, ISBN 9780230278974 
  • Smart, Carol (2011), "Relationality and socio-cultural theories of family life", in Jallinoja, Riitta; Widmer, Eric, Families and kinship in contemporary Europe : rules and practices of relatedness, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire New York: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 13–30, ISBN 9780230284289 

Reports[edit]

A set of reports funded by the Department for Constitutional Affairs using qualitative data, specifically, interviews with parents who had taken their disputes over residence and contact with their children to court. The 2003 reports relate to interviews conducted at the start of the legal process whilst the 2005 reports relate to interviews conducted as the cases were concluded.

  • Smart, Carol; May, Vanessa; Wade, Amanda; Furniss, Clare (2003). Residence and contact disputes in court: volume 1. DCA Research Series. London: Dept. for Constitutional Affairs, Research Unit (HMSO). ISBN 978-1-84099-052-2. 
  • Smart, Carol; May, Vanessa; Wade, Amanda; Furniss, Clare (2003). Residence and contact disputes in court: volume 2. DCA Research Series. London: Dept. for Constitutional Affairs, Research Unit (HMSO). ISBN 978-1-84099-060-7. 

The Cambridge dictionary of sociology[edit]

Smart has provided definitions for the following words in The Cambridge Dictionary of Sociology :[11]

  • Family (pages 189–195).
  • Lone-parent Family (pages 341–342).
  • Marriage and Divorce (pages 354–359).
  • Sexual Abuse (pages 547–548).
  • Siblings (page 550).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "New Year's Honours list 2017" (PDF). Gov.uk. Government Digital Service. 30 December 2016. p. 19. Retrieved 30 December 2016. 
  2. ^ "Smart, Carol". Library of Congress. Retrieved 18 July 2014. CIP t.p. (Carol Smart) data sheet (b. 12-20-48) 
  3. ^ Lakhani, Nina (10 April 2010). "Why dumping a friend is hard". The Independent. Retrieved 12 April 2010. 
  4. ^ "Carol Smart". Morgan Centre for the Study of Relationships and Personal Life. Retrieved 12 April 2010. 
  5. ^ Phillips, Angela (17 October 2003). "Why a child is not a house". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 April 2010. New research from a longitudinal study by Carol Smart of the Care, Values and the Future of Welfare (Cava) research programme at the University of Leeds asked children what it actually feels like to be shared. 
  6. ^ "A new etiquette.". Youth Studies Australia. 1 June 2004. Retrieved 12 April 2010. 
  7. ^ Horin, Adele (27 March 2004). "New parental etiquette". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 12 April 2010. 
  8. ^ Smart, Carol (1977). Women, crime, and criminology: a feminist critique. London Boston: Routledge & K. Paul. ISBN 9780710088338. 
  9. ^ http://www.socialsciences.manchester.ac.uk/morgancentre/research/relative-strangers/index.html
  10. ^ "No. 61803". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 2016. p. N10. 
  11. ^ Turner, Bryan (2006). The Cambridge dictionary of sociology. Cambridge England New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521832908. 

External links[edit]