Cat Spring was founded by immigrants from Oldenburg and Westphalia in 1834 and named for a nearby spring where a puma was killed by one of the German immigrants. The community was the location of Texas' first agricultural society, and was the site of a station on the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad established in the 1890s. The community began to decline after World War II.
St. John Lutheran Church is at 480 Ross Street.
Cat Spring Volunteer Fire Department on FM 949.
US Post Office is on Front Street, north of the railroad.