Cawsand

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Cawsand
The Square Cawsand - geograph.org.uk - 1609248.jpg
The Square, Cawsand
Cawsand is located in Cornwall
Cawsand
Cawsand
Location within Cornwall
OS grid referenceSX434502
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townTORPOINT
Postcode districtPL10
Dialling code01752
PoliceDevon and Cornwall
FireCornwall
AmbulanceSouth Western
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall
50°19′52″N 4°12′08″W / 50.3311°N 4.2021°W / 50.3311; -4.2021Coordinates: 50°19′52″N 4°12′08″W / 50.3311°N 4.2021°W / 50.3311; -4.2021

Cawsand (Cornish: Porthbugh; lit. Cow Cove)[1] and Kingsand (Cornish: Porthruw)[2] are twin villages in southeast Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.[3] The village is situated on the Rame Peninsula and is in the parish of Maker-with-Rame.

Cawsand overlooks Plymouth Sound and adjoins Kingsand, formerly on the border of Devon and Cornwall (the border has since been moved and now is situated on the River Tamar). Cawsand has two public houses: the Cross Keys Inn on Armada Road, not trading and for sale in September 2022, and the Bay bar, overlooking Cawsand beach.

Cawsand is within Mount Edgcumbe Country Park. There are frequent bus services to the city of Plymouth which is three miles to the north across Plymouth Sound. There is also a ferry service in the summer (from Cawsand Bay to Plymouth Hoe) and a pilot gig club (Rame Gig Club).

The Rame Peninsula is considered part of the Forgotten Corner of Cornwall.

Geology[edit]

Cawsand has exposures of Permian aged rhyolitic volcanic rocks system that form part of an SSSI.[4][5][6] Bentonite clay at Sandways Beach was formed from ash erupted from a volcano around 280 million years ago.[6]

History[edit]

In 1596, local militia repelled an attack by Spanish forces and defences were built soon after.[7] Cawsand Fort (at 50°19′56″N 4°12′9″W / 50.33222°N 4.20250°W / 50.33222; -4.20250) is sited just above the village. The fort is an 1860s Royal Commission on the Defence of the United Kingdom fort built on the site of a 1779 battery to mount about 10 guns to cover the western entrance to Plymouth Sound by the breakwater. Released by the Ministry of Defence in 1926, it remained derelict until it was converted into residential accommodation[citation needed].

Correspondence from 1801 to 1803 shows that Admiral Nelson has stayed in Cawsand[8] and it is rumoured that he had dined at the Ship Inn, which burned down in 2013 after several years of abandonment. The site has been cleared and is now being rebuilt by The Peninsula Trust which plans to turn the site into a cafe and affordable housing.[9]

Religion[edit]

St Andrew's Church was built as a chapel of ease in 1877–78.[10] It is a Grade II listed building.[11]

Originally built in 1793,[12] Cawsand also has a Congregational Church.

Twinning[edit]

Cawsand village and beach

Cawsand is twinned with Porspoder in Brittany, France.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cawsand". Map. 27 August 2019. Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  2. ^ "Kingsand". Map. 27 August 2019. Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  3. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 201 Plymouth & Launceston ISBN 978-0-319-23146-3
  4. ^ "Kingsand to Sandway Point" (PDF). Natural England. 1994. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
  5. ^ Becquart, Charlotte (14 January 2021). "Ancient volcanic ash found on Cornwall beach". CornwallLive. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  6. ^ a b Charlotte, Becquart (14 January 2021). "Cornwall's volcanoes that were active hundreds of millions of years ago". Cornwall Live. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  7. ^ Carew, Richard (1953). The Survey of Cornwall. Melrose. p. 37.
  8. ^ A Selection from the Public and Private Correspondence or Vice-Admiral Lord Collingwood,G.L Newnham Collingwood, Volume 1, 2nd edition, pp. 111–114
  9. ^ The Old Ship Inn, Cawsand, www.thepeninsulatrust.org.uk
  10. ^ "St. Andrew's Chapel, Cawsand: Opening services". The Western Morning News. Plymouth. 29 May 1878. Retrieved 17 August 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  11. ^ Historic England. "CHURCH OF ST ANDREW, Maker-with-Rame (1329167)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  12. ^ Historic England, CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, 1140673, in National Heritage List for England
  13. ^ Twinning Committee for Cornwall, www.twinningcommitteeforcornwall.weebly.com

External links[edit]

Media related to Cawsand at Wikimedia Commons