Chamber pot

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"Potty" redirects here. For the Georgian seaport, see Poti. For toilets in general, see toilet.
Japanese chamber pot from the Edo Period

A chamber pot is a bowl-shaped container with a handle, and often a lid, used as a portable toilet, especially in the bedroom at night. Variants of this were common in many cultures until the advent of indoor plumbing.

Names and etymology[edit]

"Chamber" is an old-fashioned term for bedroom. The chamber pot is also known as a jordan,[1][2] a jerry, a guzunder, a po (possibly from French: pot de chambre), a potty pot, a potty, or a thunder pot. It was also known as a chamber utensil or bedroom ware.

History[edit]

Ancient Greek child seat and chamber pot, early 6th century BCE

Chamber pots were used in ancient Greece at least since the 6th century BC and were known under different names: ἀμίς (amis),[3] οὐράνη (ouranē)[4] and οὐρητρίς (ourētris,[5] from οὖρον - ouron, "urine"[6]), σκωραμίς / (skōramis), χερνίβιον (chernibion).[7]

The introduction of indoor flush toilets started to displace chamber pots in the 19th century but they remained common until the mid-20th century. The alternative to using the chamber pot was a long cold walk to the outhouse in the middle of the night.

Today[edit]

Plastic adult chamber pot

Chamber pots continue in use today in areas lacking indoor plumbing, such as rural China.

In the Philippines, chamber pots are used as urinals and are known as arinola in most Philippine languages, such as Cebuano[8] or Tagalog.

In Korea, chamber pots are referred to as yogang (요강). They were used by people who did not have indoor plumbing to avoid the cold elements during the winter months and are still used in North Korea to this day.

Shapes and related items[edit]

A chamber pot might be disguised in a sort of chair (a close stool). It might be stored in a cabinet with doors to hide it; this sort of nightstand was known as a commode, hence the latter word came to mean "toilet" as well. For homes without these items of furniture, the chamber pot was stored under the bed.

The modern commode toilet and bedpan, used by bedbound or disabled persons, are variants of the chamber pot.

Children's potties[edit]

Simple plastic baby's potty

The term "potty" is used when discussing the toilet with small children, such as during potty training. It is also usually used to refer to the small, toilet-shaped devices made especially for potty training, which are similar to chamber pots. These "potties" are generally a large plastic bowl with an ergonomically-designed back and front to protect against splashes. They may have a built-in handle or grasp at the back to allow emptying and a non-slip bottom to prevent the child from sliding while in use. Some are given bright colors, and others may feature some gentle or unoffensive drawing or cartoon character. In many cases they are used since it is difficult for children to maneuver themselves up onto the normal toilet; in addition the larger opening in the regular toilet is much too large for a child to sit over comfortably and not fall in without some type of aid. Their size means they can be packed away in a bag for days out or when camping with young children, and can be placed near or under beds for sufferers of nocturia or some other form of incontinence.

Cultural references[edit]

"The Crabfish" is an old tale, the moral of which is, look in your chamberpot before you use it.

Philippine mythology recounts that giving newlyweds a chamberpot assures them of prosperity. President Elpidio Quirino, as part of a smear campaign against him, was falsely rumoured to possess a golden arinola.[9]

Thomas More in his satire Utopia had chamberpots made out of gold.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "jordan". Oxford English Dictionary (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. 1989. 
  2. ^ "Shakespeare's World in a 100 Objects: Number 1, a "jordan"". http://findingshakespeare.co.uk.  External link in |website= (help)
  3. ^ ἀμίς. Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert; A Greek–English Lexicon at the Perseus Project.
  4. ^ οὐράνη in Liddell and Scott.
  5. ^ οὐρητρίς in Liddell and Scott.
  6. ^ οὖρον in Liddell and Scott.
  7. ^ χερνίβιον in Liddell and Scott.
  8. ^ Wolff, John U. (1972). "arinúla". A Dictionary of Cebuano Visayan. p. 56. 
  9. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth (9 March 2010). "'Mambo Magsaysay' and Quirino's golden 'orinola". Inquirer. Retrieved 26 September 2013.