Islamic toilet etiquette

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Islamic toilet etiquette is a set of personal hygiene rules in Islam that concerns going to the toilet. This code of Muslim hygienical jurisprudence is called Qaḍā ʾal-Ḥājah (قضاء الحاجة).

The only requirement of the Qur'an is the washing of one's hands and face with pure earth if water is unavailable.[1][non-primary source needed] Issues of chirality (bodily symmetry, such as whether one uses the left or right hand], and which foot is used to step in or out of toilet areas, are derived from hadith sources.[2]

Rules[edit]

A Muslim must first find an acceptable place away from standing water, people's pathways, or shade.[3] It is advised that it is better to enter the area with the left foot,[4] facing away from the Qibla (direction of prayer towards Mecca).[5] It is reported in the hadith of Bukhari that just before entering the toilet, Prophet Muhammad said, Bismillahi Allahumma Inni A’uth Bika Minal Khubthi Wal Khabaith ("In the name of Allah, O Allah! I seek refuge/protection with/in You from all offensive and wicked things"; alternate translation: "from evil deeds and evil spirits" or "from the male and female unclean spirits").[6] Following his example, Muslims are advised to say this Dua before entering into the toilet.

While on the toilet, one must remain silent. Talking, and initiating or answering greetings is strongly discouraged.[5] When defecating together, two men cannot converse, nor look at each other's genitals.[7] Eating any food while on the toilet is forbidden.[5]

After defecating, the anus must be washed with water using the left hand, or if water is unavailable, with an odd number of smooth stones or pebbles called jamrah or hijaarah (Sahih Al-Bukhari 161, Book 4, Hadith 27). It is now more common to wipe with tissues and also use water. Similarly, the penis or vulva must be washed with water using the left hand after urinating, a procedure called istinja. It is commonly done using a vessel known as a Aftabeh, Lota, or bodna.

When leaving the toilet, one is advised to exit with the right foot,[4] and say the Dua for leaving bathroom/toilet: "Alhamdu lillahil laji aja-ba annill Aja Wa AA Fani.[8] "Praise be to Allah who relieved me of the filth and gave me relief."[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (verse 5:6)
  2. ^ Sachiko Murata (1992), "ch. 3 The Two Hands of God", The Tao of Islam, ISBN 978-0-7914-0913-8
  3. ^ Narrated by Abu Hurairah and collected in Sahih Muslim (Book 002, Number 0516
  4. ^ a b Narrated by Anas bin Malik and collected in Sahih al-Bukhari (Volume 1, Book 4, Number 144) and Sahih Muslim (Book 003, Number 729)
  5. ^ a b c d Shu'aib, Tajuddin B., "Qadaahul Haajah (Relieving Oneself)", The Prescribed Prayer Made Simple, MSA West Compendium of Muslim Texts, archived from the original on 2009-08-19, retrieved 2009-03-10
  6. ^ Hadith of Bukhari: Volumes I, II, III & IV,1944. P.39. Hadith 1:144, Bukhari 1/45, Muslim 2/1/283, Fathul-Bari 1/244
  7. ^ [1] Archived 2011-05-25 at the Wayback Machine[2]
  8. ^ mg. "Dua for bathroom : Dua for Entering & leaving bathroom(Toilet)". muslim google. Retrieved 2020-10-04.

External links[edit]