Charles FitzRoy, 10th Duke of Grafton
Charles Alfred Euston FitzRoy, 10th Duke of Grafton (4 June 1892 – 11 November 1970), known as Charles FitzRoy until 1936, was a British aristocrat, soldier, politician, and farmer.
Background and education
FitzRoy was born at Euston Hall near Thetford, the eldest son of the Reverend Lord Charles Edward FitzRoy and of his wife Ismay FitzRoy, daughter of Charles FitzRoy, 3rd Baron Southampton. His paternal grandparents were Augustus FitzRoy, 7th Duke of Grafton and Anna Balfour. Another ancestor, Anne Warren, was the daughter of Adml. Sir Peter Warren and a descendant of the Schuyler family, the Van Cortlandt family, and the Delancey family, all from British North America.
In 1911 FitzRoy joined the Royal Welch Fusiliers, who were stationed at Quetta in what is now Pakistan. In 1914, soon after the outbreak of the Great War, he went to France, and in 1917 he was appointed as aide-de-camp and comptroller to Lord Buxton, Governor General of South Africa. He remained in South Africa until 1920. In 1921 he retired from the army.
FitzRoy became a farmer at Coney Weston in Suffolk. From 1927 to 1936 he was land agent for his first wife's maternal uncle Owen Hugh Smith at Langham in Rutland. In 1936 he succeeded his cousin as Duke of Grafton and inherited the family estates based on Euston Hall.
Grafton married, firstly, Lady Doreen Maria Josepha Sydney Buxton (29 November 1897 – 28 July 1923), daughter of his commanding officer Sydney Charles Buxton, 1st Earl of Buxton, and wife Mildred Anne Smith, on 24 January 1918. They had three children:
- Hugh Denis Charles FitzRoy, 11th Duke of Grafton (3 April 1919 – 7 April 2011)
- Lady Anne Mildred Ismay FitzRoy (born 7 August 1920), married Major Colin Dalzell Mackenzie and had issue.
- Lord Charles Oliver Edward FitzRoy (1923–1944); killed in action; unmarried.
A year after his first wife's death, Grafton married, secondly, Lucy Eleanor Barnes (25 December 1897 – 11 September 1943), daughter of Sir George Stapylton Barnes and of his wife Sybil de Gournay Buxton. The ceremony took place on 6 October 1924. Lucy was the first cousin of Charles' first wife Doreen. Charles and Lucy had two children:
- Lord Edward Anthony Charles FitzRoy (26 August 1928 – 25 November 2007), married Veronica Mary Ruttledge and had issue.
- Lord Michael Charles FitzRoy (1932–1954); died in the Solomon Islands (missing, presumed drowned).
The year after his second wife's death, Grafton married, thirdly, Rita Emily Carr-Ellison (24 October 1911 – 24 August 1970), daughter of John Ralph Carr-Ellison and of his wife Alice Ursula Lang. The ceremony took place on 18 July 1944. Grafton died at Bury St Edmunds.
- "Duke of Grafton, Soldier and Landowner", The Times (13 November 1970): 12.
- "Duke of Grafton, An Outstanding Agriculturalist", The Times (19 November 1970): 13.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Duke of Grafton
|Peerage of England|
|Duke of Grafton