|Minister of the Interior|
29 March 1993 – 11 May 1995
|Prime Minister||Édouard Balladur|
|Preceded by||Paul Quilès|
|Succeeded by||Jean-Louis Debré|
20 March 1986 – 10 May 1988
|Prime Minister||Jacques Chirac|
|Preceded by||Pierre Joxe|
|Succeeded by||Pierre Joxe|
Charles Victor Pasqua
18 April 1927
|Died||29 June 2015 (aged 88)|
|Political party||Rally for France (1999–2002)|
Charles Victor Pasqua (18 April 1927 – 29 June 2015) was a French businessman and Gaullist politician. He was Interior Minister from 1986 to 1988, under Jacques Chirac's cohabitation government, and also from 1993 to 1995, under the government of Edouard Balladur.
Early life and family background
Pasqua was born on 18 April 1927 in Grasse, Alpes-Maritimes. His paternal grandfather was a shepherd from Casevecchie, Corsica and he could speak Corsican fluently. As of 1987, his cousin served as the mayor of Casevecchie.
In 1947, Pasqua helped create the section of the Gaullist Party RPF movement for the Alpes-Maritimes. With Jacques Foccart and Achille Peretti, he was the co-founder of the Service d'Action Civique (SAC) in 1959 to counter the terrorist actions of the OAS during the Algerian War of Independence (1954–1962). The SAC would be charged with the underground actions of the Gaullist movement and participated in the organization of the 30 May 1968 Gaullist counter-demonstration.
From 1968 to 1973, Pasqua was deputy to the French National Assembly for the Hauts-de-Seine département for the UDR party, of which he was a leading member from 1974 to 1976. He helped Jacques Chirac to take the lead of the party and participated in its transformation into the Rally for the Republic (RPR). Counsellor of Jacques Chirac alongside Marie-France Garaud, he was in charge of the organisation of Chirac's campaign for the 1981 presidential election, won by the candidate of the Socialist Party (PS), François Mitterrand (1981–1995). As such, he is considered to be Chirac's mentor in politics.
From 1981 to 1986 Pasqua was senator for the Hauts-de-Seine, then president of the RPR group in the Senate. From 1986 to 1988 he was Interior Minister (in charge of law enforcement). In 1992, he called a vote against the ratification of the Maastricht Treaty. He became Interior Minister again from 1993 to 1995, and supported the candidacy of Edouard Balladur at the 1995 presidential election. He is mostly remembered for having pushed a series of anti-immigration laws (lois Pasqua), and for his declaration "we will terrorize the terrorists."
Pasqua headed the Rally for France (RPF), a sovereigntist (Eurosceptic) party, for a while in association with Philippe de Villiers. At the 1999 European Parliament election, their list got ahead of the RPR list. He served as the President of the General Council of the Hauts-de-Seine from 1988 to 2004. In 2004, he was elected senator by an electoral college.
In 2005, a US Senate report accused him, along with the British Respect politician George Galloway, of profiting illegally from the UN's oil-for-food scheme. He and other French defendants were cleared of all charges in 2013 by a Paris court.
In 2008, Pasqua was convicted of illegal lobbying in the Mitterrand–Pasqua affair during his time serving as French Interior Minister. Sentenced in 2009 to serve one year of a three-year jail term, he was acquitted on appeal in 2011.
Personal life and death
- "PASQUA Charles". Senate of France (in French). Archived from the original on 6 April 2023. Retrieved 26 September 2019.
- "L'ancien ministre Charles Pasqua est mort à l'âge de 88 ans". Libération. 29 June 2015. Archived from the original on 9 August 2015.
- "Mort de Charles Pasqua, gaulliste et ancien premier flic de France". Corse-Matin. 30 June 2015. Archived from the original on 23 July 2015.
- "Le vieux lion est mort". Corse-Matin. 30 June 2015. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015.
- Bacqué, Raphaëlle (1 October 2014). "Mort de Charles Pasqua, un homme qui faisait « peur et rire tout à la fois »". Le Monde. Archived from the original on 31 May 2023.
- Pasqua en Corse, Institut national de l'audiovisuel, 14 June 1987 (in French)
- Viviano, Frank (21 April 1995). "The Power Broker in France's Election / Interior Minister Pasqua embodies nation's social divide". SFGATE. Archived from the original on 25 May 2011.
- Quand les RG scrutaient Pasqua chez Ricard, Le Nouvel Observateur, 23 January 2002 (in French)
- BRESSON, Gilles (11 January 2001). "Un souverainiste déchu par sa droite". Libération. Archived from the original on 3 June 2023.
- US Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs: "Report on oil allocations granted to Charles Pasqua & George Galloway", BBC News, 12 May 2005
- "Procès pétrole contre nourriture : Pasqua et Total relaxés". Le Parisien. 8 July 2013. Archived from the original on 31 May 2023.
- "Angolagate: condamné à un an ferme, Pasqua riposte". Le Figaro. 27 October 2009. Archived from the original on 31 May 2023.
- Jarrassé, Jim (29 April 2011). "Pasqua relaxé dans le procès en appel de l'Angolagate". Le Figaro. Archived from the original on 3 April 2023.
- "Charles Pasqua est décédé des suites d'un accident cardiaque". Le Point. 29 June 2015. Archived from the original on 3 August 2023.