Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science

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Charles R. Drew
University of Medicine and Science
CDU Logo.JPG
MottoA Private University with a Public Mission
TypePrivate, Historically Black Graduate School
Established1966
Academic affiliation
WASC
PresidentDavid M. Carlisle
Students543 (Fall 2017)[1]
Location,
United States
CampusUrban
11 acres (4.5 ha)
Websitewww.cdrewu.edu

Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science is a private, non-profit, historically black graduate school in Willowbrook, California. It was founded in 1966 in response to inadequate medical access within the Watts region of Los Angeles, California, USA.[2] The university is named in honor of Charles R. Drew.

History[edit]

Charles R. Drew Postgraduate Medical School was incorporated in the State of California as a private, nonprofit educational institution in 1966[3] in response to the McCone Commission's recommendations to improve access to healthcare in South Los Angeles following the Watts Riots in 1965.[4][5] In 1973, Governor Ronald Reagan signed Senate Bill 1026 authored by State Senator Mervyn Dymally to allocate funding and support for the institution from the General Fund to the University of California.[6] In January 1970, the offices of the Charles R. Drew Postgraduate Medical School and the Watts-Willowbrook Regional Medical program formally opened at 12012 Compton Avenue[7], and would serve as the central center for CDU’s operations until the W.M. Cobb Building’s construction in 1984.[citation needed]

Three schools and colleges are housed on CDU’s 11-acre campus: the College of Science and Health, the College of Medicine and the Mervyn M. Dymally School Nursing (MMDSON).

In May 1978, a proposed agreement between the Charles R. Drew Postgraduate Medical School and the UCLA School of Medicine to jointly establish an undergraduate medical program at Drew was approved.[citation needed] Medical students complete their first two years of medical school at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, then finish their last two years of clinical work at Charles R. Drew University, including rotations at the Martin Luther King Jr Outpatient Center as well as local community clinics near the Charles R. Drew University campus.[8]

The Mervyn M. Dymally School of Nursing opened in 2010.[9] The school was the first comprehensive nursing program to open in Southern California in decades, and the first ever of its kind in South Los Angeles.[10]

In 2010, the university introduced the Community Faculty Track, a unique model for community-academic partnerships in which community leaders are integrated into the university's research goals and the education of medical professionals.[11][12]

In 2018, the school partnered with Ross University School of Medicine, a for-profit medical school in Barbados, to educate doctors for South Los Angeles, since Charles R. Drew University typically receives more than 3,000 medical school applications, but only has space for 28 medical students each year.[13]

Presidents[edit]

Mitchell Spellman[14] 1968–1977
David Satcher[15] 1977–1979
M. Alfred Haynes[16] 1979–1986
Walter F. Leavell[17] 1986–1987
Henry Williams[18] 1987–1991
Reed V. Tuckson 1991–1997
W. Benton Boone 1997–1998
Charles K. Francis[19] 1998–2004
Harry E. Douglas[20] 2004–2005
Thomas Yoshikawa[21] 2005–2006
Susan Kelly 2006–2009
Keith C. Norris[22] 2009–2010
M. Roy Wilson[23] 2010–2011
David M. Carlisle[24] 2011–present

Academics[edit]

Schools and colleges[edit]

  • College of Medicine
  • College of Science and Health
  • Mervyn M. Dymally School of Nursing

Research[edit]

Faculty members at CDU conduct ongoing, NIH and DoD-funded research on conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, cancer, tobacco use and HIV/AIDs.[25][26] The University's Department of Research and Health Affairs was initially established as the Office of Research in 1973 to organize the assignment of research activities at the institution and provide a focus for encouraging faculty participation in laboratory activities.[27][28]

HIV care[edit]

The university has on-campus clinics, including the SPECTRUM and OASIS Clinics, which offer HIV medical care and testing services, as well as case management, substance abuse counseling, support groups and treatment advocate services to members of L.A. County.[29]

Accreditation[edit]

CDU is recognized as a minority-serving institution by the U.S. Office for Civil Rights,[30] as well as a historically black graduate institution under the U.S. Department of Education's Strengthening Historically Black Graduate Institutions Program, also known as Title III B.[31] CDU is also a member of the Hispanic Association of Colleges and Universities (HACU)[32] and the Thurgood Marshall College Fund.[33]

The university is regionally accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC). In 2009, WASC placed the university on probation;[34] it was removed two years later.[35][36] Programs at the university are also accredited by the National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission[37] and the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education.[38]

Association with Martin Luther King Jr. Hospital[edit]

Martin Luther King Jr. Hospital closed in 2007.[39] Both the university and associated public hospital fell into serious trouble at the outset of the 21st century.[20] By 2006, several residency programs had to be terminated because they lost accreditation for not meeting the necessary amount of oversight, and the hospital itself was forced into a radical restructuring plan in late 2006.[40] The restructuring caused hospital to sever its ties to the neighboring medical school and terminate support to 248 medical residents.[41] In October 2006, the national Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education informed school officials that it planned to revoke the university's accreditation because of the hospital's upcoming loss of Medicare money; as a result the university voluntarily withdrew its accreditation.[40] The school was eligible to seek reinstatement to relaunch its residency program in July 2008. As a response to the problems, the university reorganized, terminating its president, and dismissed nearly two-thirds of its board of trustees.[40]

On March 6, 2007, officials from the university announced that they would sue Los Angeles County for $125 million for breach of contract, claiming that the restructuring of the hospital gutted the adjacent university.[41] In September 2009, the lawsuit was settled with an agreement under which the county would rent space to the university on favorable terms and the county and university would work together toward the reopening of MLK Hospital.[42]

In June 2007, the school began an 18-month rebranding effort aimed at preventing people from associating the school with the continuing ordeals of King-Harbor; the school criticized the hospital for leaving an old sign bearing the King/Drew name.[40]

Residency Programs[edit]

In 2018, the University opened new residency programs in Family Medicine and Psychiatry.[43]

Notable Faculty[edit]

Notable past and present Charles R. Drew University faculty members include Dr. Patricia Bath, an ophthalmologist and the first black female doctor to receive a medical patent, for inventing a laser treatment for cataracts [44] and Dr. Deborah Prothrow-Stith, a pioneer in addressing youth violence as a public health issue and the first woman Commissioner of Public Health for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Dr. Prothrow-Stith is Professor of Internal Medicine and current Dean of the College of Medicine.

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System". nces.ed.gov.
  2. ^ "University Bulletin: A Weekly Bulletin for the Staff of the University of California". Office of Official Publications, University of California. 1977. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  3. ^ Fortney, Jr., Albert (15 January 2016). "The Fortney Encyclical Black History: The World's True Black History". Xlibris Corporation.
  4. ^ Dawsey, Darrell (8 July 1990). "25 Years After the Watts Riots : McCone Commission's Recommendations Have Gone Unheeded". Los Angeles Times.
  5. ^ "Violence in the City (McCone Commission Report on Watts Riot: 1965".
  6. ^ "Bill Text - SR-43". leginfo.legislature.ca.gov.
  7. ^ "Medical School Dedicated" (PDF). Los Angeles Herald-Examiner (24 January 1970). Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  8. ^ "Drew/UCLA Medical Education Program trains students to care for underserved communities - David Geffen School of Medicine - Los Angeles, CA". medschool.ucla.edu. Retrieved 2019-08-21.
  9. ^ Lin II, Rong-Gong (15 August 2010). "Drew University's new nursing school opens under financial cloud". Los Angeles Times.
  10. ^ "Charles Drew University of Medicine & Science Plans $43 Million Bond Offering for New Life Sciences Research, Nursing Education Building in South Los Angeles". GlobeNewswire News Room. 13 November 2007.
  11. ^ del Pino, Homero (2016). "Integrating Community Expertise into the Academy: South Los Angeles' Community-Academic Model for Partnered Research". Progress in Community Health Partnerships. 10 (2): 329–38. PMID 27346780. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  12. ^ Smith, Doug. "Loretta Jones, who fought for better healthcare in L.A.'s inner city, dies at 77". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  13. ^ Bartholomew, Dana. "Charles Drew University Inks Agreement to Educate More Doctors for South L.A". LA Business Journal. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  14. ^ "Dr. Mitchell Spellman's accomplished life rooted in local soil". thetowntalk.com.
  15. ^ "The Honorable Dr. David Satcher's Biography". The HistoryMakers.
  16. ^ "President Emeritus and Former Dean of Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science, Dr. M. Alfred Haynes, Dies at Age 94". Los Angeles Sentinel. 24 February 2016.
  17. ^ "Leavell Named Prexy of Drew Med School". Jet Magazine. Johnson Publishing Company. 9 February 1987. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  18. ^ Scott, Janny (7 August 1991). "Advocate for Poor May Head Medical College in Watts". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  19. ^ "Charles K. Francis". Jet Magazine. 13 July 1998. Retrieved 6 August 2019.
  20. ^ a b Tracy Weber et al., The Troubles at King/Drew (5 part series), The Los Angeles Times, December 2004, Accessed Sept. 26, 2006.
  21. ^ "Drew Medical School Alters Its Leadership". Los Angeles Times. 6 July 2005. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  22. ^ Bloomekatz, Ari B. (7 June 2009). "At Charles Drew, students overcome obstacles to graduate". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  23. ^ "SYMPOSIUM SPEAKER: M. Roy Wilson". www.westernu.edu.
  24. ^ Lin II, Rong-Gong (4 May 2011). "Struggling Drew University names David M. Carlisle new president". LA Times Blogs - L.A. NOW. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  25. ^ "Champion Provider Success Story: Dr. Theodore Friedman". Champion Provider Fellowship. Retrieved 2019-08-21.
  26. ^ "CDU Researcher Secures $1.95 Million in Funding from NIH to Increase and Speed Up Diabetic Retinopathy Detections". Los Angeles Sentinel. 2016-10-13. Retrieved 2019-08-21.
  27. ^ "The Drew Employee Newsletter (July 1981)" (PDF). www.cdrewu.edu. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  28. ^ "CDU News - Legacy of CDU" (PDF). Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  29. ^ "SPECTRUM Community Services". www.cdrewu.edu.
  30. ^ "OCR: Accredited Postsecondary Minority Institutions". www2.ed.gov.
  31. ^ "Eligibility - Title III Part B, Strengthening Historically Black Graduate Institutions Program". www2.ed.gov. 21 June 2011.
  32. ^ "Hispanic Association of Colleges and Universities - Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science". www.hacu.net.
  33. ^ "Member Schools". Thurgood Marshall College Fund.
  34. ^ "WASC Senior". Archived from the original on 2011-07-03. Retrieved 2011-07-13.
  35. ^ "Charles R. Drew University removed from academic probation". Los Angeles Times. 13 July 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
  36. ^ "Troubled Los Angeles Medical School Gets Some Good News: It's Off Probation". Chronicle of Higher Education. 13 July 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
  37. ^ "CHARLES R. DREW UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND SCIENCE Single Audit Report" (PDF). Health Resources and Services Administration. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  38. ^ "CCNE-Accredited Nursing Degree Programs". directory.ccnecommunity.org.
  39. ^ Charles Ornstein, Tracy Weber and Jack Leonard (August 11, 2007). "King-Harbor fails final check, will close soon". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
  40. ^ a b c d Tiffany Hsu, University official stresses campus isn't King-Harbor, Los Angeles Times, June 22, 2007.
  41. ^ a b Susannah Rosenblatt, Medical school to sue L.A. County, Los Angeles Times, March 7, 2007.
  42. ^ Therolf, Garrett (September 11, 2009). "Medical school drops $125-million suit against L.A. County over King/Drew closure". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
  43. ^ admin (2018-06-29). "Celebrating South LA Doctors-in-Training". Supervisor Mark Ridley-Thomas. Retrieved 2019-08-21.
  44. ^ Genzlinger, Neil (4 June 2019). "Dr. Patricia Bath, 76, Who Took On Blindness and Earned a Patent, Dies". New York Times. Retrieved 22 August 2019.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°55′32″N 118°14′33″W / 33.925634°N 118.242594°W / 33.925634; -118.242594