Charles Stanhope (1673–1760)

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Charles Stanhope (1673–1760) was an English barrister and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1717 to 1741. Deeply implicated in transactions related to the South Sea Bubble, possibly concerned with political corruption, he was strongly defended by those in government, and was acquitted of all charges brought against him.[1]

Early life[edit]

Elvaston Castle, Derbyshire today - the Stanhope family seat as rebuilt c.1817

Stanhope was the second son of John Stanhope of Elvaston, Derbyshire, and his wife Dorothy Agard, daughter of Charles Agard of Foston, Derbyshire. He was admitted at the Inner Temple and was called to the bar in 1703. He succeeded his elder brother Thomas to the family estates in 1730.[1]

Career[edit]

Stanhope was the cousin of James Stanhope, 1st Earl Stanhope who made him his under-secretary in 1714. He stood for Parliament at Milborne Port in a by-election on 10 June 1717, and though initially defeated, he was seated on petition as Member of Parliament on 6 July 1717. He served as Secretary to the Treasury from 1717 to 1721. James Stanhope and Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland were investigated over dealings in South Sea Company stock after the Bubble, and Charles Stanhope also; but he avoided the ruin of political career that came upon Sunderland.[1]

At the 1722 general election Stanhope was given the safe seat of Aldborough by the Duke of Newcastle, being returned unopposed then and at the 1727 general election. Stanhope was seeking procurement, but the new King George II discovered among his father's papers a note written by Stanhope with proposals for drastic action against him during a family quarrel. The King blocked any favours towards Stanhope, but Stanhope attributed his failure to secure office to Walpole and became his bitter enemy. While he owed his seat to Newcastle, he supported the government in all divisions except on the civil list arrears in 1729. At the 1734 general election he was elected in a contest as MP for Harwich on his own interest, and went over to the Opposition. He did not stand in 1741.[1]

Stanhope became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1726.[2]

Death and legacy[edit]

Stanhope died unmarried in 1760. His younger brother was William Stanhope, 1st Earl of Harrington, the father of William Stanhope, 2nd Earl of Harrington.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Stanhope, Charles (1673–1760), of Elvaston, Derbys., History of Parliament Online". Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  2. ^ Thomas Thomson (1812). History of the Royal Society: From Its Institution to the End of the Eighteenth Century. R. Baldwin. p. xxxvi.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Michael Harvey
James Medlycott
Member of Parliament for Milborne Port
1717–1722
With: James Medlycott
Succeeded by
Michael Harvey
George Speke
Preceded by
William Monson
William Jessop
Member of Parliament for Aldborough
17221734
With: William Jessop
Succeeded by
Henry Pelham
William Jessop
Preceded by
Sir Philip Parker-a-Morley-Long, Bt
John Perceval
Member of Parliament for Harwich
17341741
With: Carteret Leathes
Succeeded by
John Phillipson
Hill Mussenden