Chatuchak District

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Chatuchak
จตุจักร
Khet
Central Plaza Lat Phrao
Khet location in Bangkok
Khet location in Bangkok
Coordinates: 13°49′43″N 100°33′35″E / 13.82861°N 100.55972°E / 13.82861; 100.55972Coordinates: 13°49′43″N 100°33′35″E / 13.82861°N 100.55972°E / 13.82861; 100.55972
Country  Thailand
Province Bangkok Province
Seat Chatuchak
Khet established 1989
Area
 • Total 32.908 km2 (12.706 sq mi)
Population (2015)
 • Total 159,514
 • Density 4,847.27/km2 (12,554.4/sq mi)
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Postal code 10900
Geocode 1030

Chatuchak (Thai: จตุจักร; IPA: [tɕà.tùʔ.tɕàk]) is one of the 50 districts (khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. The district is bounded by seven other districts (from north clockwise): Lak Si, Bang Khen, Lat Phrao, Huai Khwang, Din Daeng, Phaya Thai, and Bang Sue.

History[edit]

Chatuchak was originally part of Bang Khen District. It became a separate district in 1989.[1] The name of the district came from its two major landmarks, Chatuchak Park and Chatuchak Weekend Market.

Markets[edit]

The most well-known site in the district is the Chatuchak Weekend Market, the largest market in Thailand. Northwest of the weekend market is another market, Chatuchak Plaza selling clothes and many other products. Across the Kamphang Phet Road is Or Tor Kor Market (ตลาด อ.ต.ก.) belonging to The Marketing Organization for Farmers (องค์การตลาดเพื่อการเกษตร), offering fresh agriculture product and food. Just north of the market along Kamphang Phet Road is the area selling plants and garden products.[2]

Other markets in the area include:

  • Ratchayothin night market, a night market next to Major Cineplex Ratchayothin.
  • Ratchadaphisek night market, a large night market at Ratchada/Ladprao intersection.

Parks[edit]

Chatuchak Park

Adjoining the Chatuchak Weekend Market to the north is the Chatuchak Park complex, covering 1.13 km² of a former State Railway of Thailand golf course consisting of Chatuchak Park (สวนจตุจักร), Queen Sirikit Park (สวนสมเด็จพระนางเจ้าสิริกิติ์ฯ), and Wachirabenchathat Park (สวนวชิรเบญจทัศ).

Chatuchak Park (0.304 km²) is the first park in the complex opened in December 1980. On Phahonyothin Road next to the Mo Chit BTS Station. It is the most accessible park of the three. Also included in this park is the Train Museum.

Wachira Benchathat Park

Queen Sirikit Park (0.224 km²) is a botanical garden built to honor the queen's 60th birthday in 1992. It was formally opened in December 1996. Plants collected in the garden include hibiscus, plumeria, and palms. Within the park compound is the Children's Museum. The park is behind Chatuchak weekend market parking lot.

The Wachira Benchathat Park (0.600 km²) is the biggest and newest park of the complex. It was called State Railway Public Park (สวนรถไฟ, Suan Rot Fai) but was renamed in July 2002 in honor of Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn's 50th birthday. It contains a butterfly park and the tallest fountain in Thailand.

Locations[edit]

Elephant Tower (ตึกช้าง) is one of the most distinctive building in Bangkok. Shaped like an elephant, it consists of three towers (A, B, and C) joined together at the top. It includes condominiums and office space.

On Vibhavadhi Road opposite Kasetsart University is the Museum of Contemporary Art (MOCA) Bangkok. Thawan Duchanee (ถวัลย์ ดัชนี, also written Tawan Datchanee), one of the artists highlighted, is considered one of the most famous modern day artists of Thailand.

Central Plaza Lat Phrao is the biggest shopping center in the district, consisting of Central Department Store, Bangkok Convention Centre (first convention hall in Thailand), cinemas, and many retail shops. Other shopping centers in Chatuchak districk includes Major Cineplex Ratchayothin featuring a 14-screen multiplex cinema, Union Mall, an 8-storey shopping mall for youngsters.

Education[edit]

The Kasetsart University administration building

Kasetsart University is one of the top university in Thailand. It was originally focused on agricultural sciences, but now expanded to cover many fields including business and engineering. The university is located on a large block bounded by Vibhavadi Rangsit Road, Ngamwongwan Road and Phahonyothin Road.

Saint John's University and Saint John's International School.[3]

Traffic[edit]

The district is passed by the Bangkok Subway (MRT) with four stations - Kamphaeng Phet, Chatuchak Park, Phahon Yothin and Lat Phrao. Bang Sue MRT Station is just outside Chatuchak district. It is also the northern end-point of the Bangkok Skytrain with the Mo Chit station. Also the Northern Bus Terminal (often called Mo Chit Mai, หมอชิดใหม่) is in the district, with the bus connection to all northern provinces starting there.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The district is divided into five sub-districts (kwaeng).

1. Lat Yao ลาดยาว
2. Sena Nikhom เสนานิคม
3. Chan Kasem จันทรเกษม
4. Chom Phon จอมพล
5. Chatuchak จตุจักร

The Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation has its headquarters in the district.[4]

Klong Prem Central Prison, also known as "Lard Yao Prison", is located in the district.

District council[edit]

The district council for Chatuchak has eight members, who serve four-year terms. Elections were last held on 30 April 2006. The results were:

Economy[edit]

Thai Airways headquarters, Chatuchak

Thai Airways and Bangkok Airways have their head offices in Chatuchak.[5][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง เปลี่ยนแปลงพื้นที่เขตบางเขนและตั้งเขตดอนเมือง และเขตจตุจักร (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 106 (155 ง ฉบับพิเศษ): 17. 1989-09-16. 
  2. ^ Goldberg, Lina (24 February 2013). "10 of the world's best fresh markets". CNN Travel. Retrieved 24 February 2013. 
  3. ^ Contact & Map." Saint John's International School. Retrieved on 6 March 2013. "1110/8 Viphavadi-Rangsit Road Latyao, Jatujak Bangkok, Thailand 10900"
  4. ^ Home. Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation. Retrieved on 28 August 2010. "61 Pholyothin Road, Ladyao, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900." Thai address: 61 ถนนพหลโยธิน แขวงลาดยาว เขตจตุจักร กรุงเทพมหานคร 10900 (from here)
  5. ^ "Details of Shareholders and Board of Directors." Thai Airways International. Retrieved on 4 March 2010.
  6. ^ "Contact Us." Bangkok Airways. Retrieved on 12 May 2010.

External links[edit]