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|Other names||Karl-Marx-Stadt Hbf (1953–90)|
|Location||Bahnhofstr. 1, Chemnitz, Saxony
The station has a combination of terminating and through platforms. Platform tracks 5 to 9 terminate and tracks 1 to 4 and 10 to 14 continue to the west of Chemnitz towards Zwickau, Nuremberg and Göttingen. Tracks 11 to 14 are reached by a passenger subway. The subway also passes under tracks 15 and 16, which have no platforms. The platforms are also accessible by lift. From 15 December 2002 until 17 February 2013, "Chemnitz model" tram-trains of the City-Bahn Chemnitz operated from platform 102 (a tram track) in the station forecourt. The tram-train services now use platforms 1 to 4.
Bus lines 23 (Heinersdorf–Neefepark) and 32 (Dresdner Str–Rabenstein, Tierpark), tram lines 2 (Hauptbahnhof–Bernsdorf) and 6 (Hauptbahnhof–Altchemnitz) and the City-Bahn line to Stollberg connect the Hauptbahnhof to the central tram station in central Chemnitz. Near the Hauptbahnhof is the bus station. From here buses connect the city to its outskirts. Some of these lines also stop at the Hauptbahnhof
In 1836, the Erzgebirge Railway Company (Erzgebirgische Eisenbahngesellschaft) was founded in Chemnitz to build a railway line from Riesa to Zwickau, but the line was not completed to Chemnitz until 1852. The Riesa–Chemnitz line was opened on 1 September 1852 by King Friedrich August II. This linked Chemnitz to the first German long distance railway between Leipzig and Dresden.
An ever growing rail network allows the station to grow
On 15 November 1858 with the opening of the extension of the line to Zwickau, the Nikolaibahnhof ("Nikolai station", now Chemnitz-Mitte station) was opened as the second station in Chemnitz and the original station was renamed Centralbahnhof (Central Station). The extension of the line made it necessary to extend the station’s facilities.
Between 1858 and 1866 the first freight facilities were developed. After further lines were opened (in 1866 to Annaberg, in 1869 to Dresden and to Hainichen and in 1872 to Leipzig and to Limbach), the station had to be extended again. In 1869 construction of increased capacity for passenger services began. The main hall of the station was completed by the architect Engelhardt in 1872. More lines opened, to Aue in 1875, to Marienberg and Reitzenhain in 1875, to Stollberg in 1895 and to Wechselburg and Rochlitz in 1902.
In 1880 the coal and freight yard was opened at Kappel and in 1908 another station in the city was added as Chemnitz Süd. In 1910 construction began on a concourse, although the station building remained unchanged outwardly from the 1872 station. Chemnitz station had about 80,000 passengers a day in 1930, almost as many as Leipzig Hauptbahnhof.
After the Second World War
During the bombardment of the city on 5 March 1945 the station hall was severely damaged and was later demolished. In addition, waiting rooms and offices were burned after a plane was shot down and fell on the building. From 1974 VEB Stahlbau Dessau began construction of the existing platform hall, which was completed in 1975. The Dresden–Chemnitz–Zwickau main line ran on the western side of the station’s through tracks, as it had before the Second World War. In the winter 1974/1975 timetable nearly 300 daily passenger trains arrived or departed at the station.
Between 1976 and 1993, the station (then called Karl-Marx-Stadt Hauptbahnhof) was part of the Stadt- und Vorortbahnverkehr ("urban and suburban rail transport system"), an S-Bahn-like system for the urban agglomeration, running on the line between Flöha and Hohenstein-Ernstthal.
Development to a regional railway station
Chemnitz has had at times national connections, in addition to its significance as a regional transport hub. A Städteexpress ("city express") ran to Berlin during the Communist period. After the fall, Interregio services ran via Berlin to Rostock (some ran to Magdeburg, Stralsund, Binz or Barth), to Oberstdorf (via Nuremberg and Munich), to Karlsruhe (via Stuttgart) and to Aachen (via Düsseldorf). An Intercity-Express service ran to Cologne using ICE TD diesel tilting trains. Most recently Intercity (IC) services ran on the Dresden–Chemnitz–Nuremberg route. Sections of off-peak IC trains ran to and from Cologne and Hamburg, continuing to Flensburg.
Since 2006, Chemnitz has not been served by Deutsche Bahn long-distance trains, only by regional trains. The metropolitan area of Chemnitz-Zwickau (1.2 million inhabitants) is now the largest region in Germany with no Deutsche Bahn long-distance train services.
With the formation of the Middle Saxony Transport Association (Verkehrsverbund Mittelsachsen) with Chemnitz as its central hub, Chemnitz Hauptbahnhof has taken on new functions. Work at the station from 2003 to 2005 improved the interface between trams, buses and the station. Further construction is under way to adapt the station for tram-trains.
The station is connected to the following lines:
- Dresden–Werdau line (KBS 510)
- Riesa–Chemnitz line (–Elsterwerda) (KBS 520)
- Würschnitz Valley Railway (KBS 522)
- Chemnitz–Aue line (KBS 524)
- Neukieritzsch–Chemnitz line (KBS 525)
The following services currently call at the station:
|Preceding station||Deutsche Bahn||Following station|
toward Aue (Sachs)
|Preceding station||Mitteldeutsche Regiobahn||Following station|
toward Hof Hbf
toward Dresden Hbf
toward Leipzig Hbf
toward Zwickau Hbf
toward Dresden Hbf
toward Elsterwerda Hbf
|Preceding station||City-Bahn Chemnitz||Following station|
(reversing drive through city)
- Der Hauptbahnhof
- Die Königlichen Staatseisenbahnen in Chemnitz
- Der Chemnitzer Hauptbahnhof
- Photographs of the Hauptbahnhofes
- Verkehrsmittelvergleich - Bahnhof Chemnitz Hbf
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chemnitz Hauptbahnhof.|