Chibok

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Chibok
LGA and town
Chibok is located in Nigeria
Chibok
Chibok
Coordinates: 10°51′57″N 12°50′49″E / 10.86583°N 12.84694°E / 10.86583; 12.84694
Country  Nigeria
State Borno State
Area
 • Total 1,350 km2 (520 sq mi)
Elevation 417 m (1,368 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 66,105
 • Density 49/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)
Postal code 601

Chibok is a Local Government Area of Borno State, Nigeria, located in the south of the state. Its headquarters are in the town of Chibok. It has an area of 1,350 km² and a population of 66,105 at the 2006 census.

The town of Chibok is primarily a Christian village with a Muslim minority.[1][2] Most of the village speaks the Kibaku language.[1] The postal code of the area is 601.[3]

On 14 November 2014 it was reported that the Islamist group Boko Haram has taken control of the town and implemented the Sharia law.

It is one of the sixteen LGAs that constitute the Borno Emirate, a traditional state located in Borno State, Nigeria.[4]

In January 2015, the BringBackOurGirls group aired concerns over plans by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) to exclude Chibok and some communities currently under the control of Boko Haram from receiving permanent voter cards (PVCs) for the 2015 Nigerian general election.[5]

Chibok schoolgirls kidnapping[edit]

In 2014, nearly 300 mainly Christian girls were abducted from Chibok by the Islamist militant group Boko Haram.[6][7][8][1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Adam Nossiter (May 14, 2014). "Tales of Escapees in Nigeria Add to Worries About Other Kidnapped Girls". New York Times. Retrieved May 15, 2014. "Most of the Chibok residents are Christians of a small minority group who speak Kibaku, another of Nigeria's myriad languages." 
  2. ^ New York Times: "Nigerian Girls Seen in Video From Militants" By ADAM NOSSITERMAY May 12, 2014 |"Chibok is primarily a Christian village, and Mr. Shekau appeared to acknowledge that many of the girls seized were not Muslims. “The girls that have not accepted Islam, they are now gathered in numbers,” he said. “And we treat them well the way the prophet treated the infidels he seized."
  3. ^ "Post Offices- with map of LGA". NIPOST. Archived from the original on 2012-11-26. Retrieved 2009-10-20. 
  4. ^ Nigeria (2000). Nigeria: a people united, a future assured. 2, State Surveys (Millennium ed ed.). Abuja, Nigeria: Federal Ministry of Information. p. 106. ISBN 9780104089. 
  5. ^ Chika Mefor; Ejike Ejike (2015-01-08). "allAfrica.com: Nigeria: Elections - BBOG Group Raises the Alarm Over Plans to Exclude Chibok From Voting". Leadership (Abuja) - allAfrica.com. Retrieved 2015-01-08. 
  6. ^ The Guardian: "Military operation launched to locate kidnapped Nigerian girls" by David Smith May 14, 2014 | "Although most of the abducted girls are Christian, all were wearing Muslim dress and two were singled out to say they had converted to Islam."
  7. ^ BBC: "Nigeria abduction video: Schoolgirls 'recognised'" May 13, 2014 |"The girls' families have said that most of those seized are Christians, although there are a number of Muslims among them."
  8. ^ Oren Dorell (April 21, 2014). "Terrorists kidnap more than 200 Nigerian girls". USA Today. Retrieved April 23, 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Neher, Gerald A. (2011). Life among the Chibok of Nigeria. McPherson, KS: Gerald Neher Publishing. ISBN 9780983157304. 

A Short History of Chibok

• font size • Print • Email The mass abduction of the Chibok girls has planted the little-known area in the consciousness of many across the world. Two Chibok indigenes, Dr. Allen Manasseh and Dr. Pogu Bitrus provide some insight into the history and culture of their now famous land Chibok is home to a historically peaceful community of farmers and wild-game hunters. The Kibaku people live in present-day Chibok Local Government Area, in some parts of Biu, Damboa, and in many districts in Askira Uba Local Government Area. Kibaku and Chibok are not synonymous as is commonly assumed. Chibok is the land. Kibaku is the tribe. Kibaku is the name of an ethnic group as well as the name of their language while Chibok is the name of the local government area in Borno State inhabited by the Kibaku people. The Kibaku people are made up of thirty-eight different clans and sub-clans, including Pulai, Mungai, Tsitihil, Whuntaku Pirkiu, Midiraku, Kagyau, Karagau, Kwapul, Kwangwala, Gaskil, Ngiwar, Kwapurai, Njir-Dawa, Aduwarama and Hirpaya. Clan leadership is based on age. The early kings were called “Mai.” Amongst the early mais were Mai Jatau, Mai Njaba, Mai Gana. However, the mais have been reduced to district heads under the Borno Emirate Council, a move that still angers many Kibaku people. Many Kibaku are advocating for a king and for the preservation of their traditional institutions. The Kibaku are an ethno-cultural fusion of Babir/Bura, Kanuri, Kilba, Margi, Shuwa and Fulani. They came to Chibok Hills from about 18th century when the Kanem-Bornu empire was disintegrating. The 19th century jihad and slave raids forced many ethnic groups to move away from their original locations to new ones. As a result, the Chibok Hills came to be inhabited first by the Pulai/Warga who came all the way from Viyu Kithla (Biu) and Kwanda who came from Konduga, Tstitihil from Maiva, Karagu from Birnin Ngazargamu and other locations. These different groups formed the Kibaku ethnic group and developed the Kibaku language. They were not under a single authority but lived in self-autonomous communities. Each clan and sub-clan had its leader. They lived for centuries unmolested by any authority but were later attacked by the Fulbe (Fulani) from Adamawa, Rabeh Ibn Fadi-Allah and the British. The oral history says that Rabeh attempted to invade the Kibakus three times but failed, even after camping for days around their farm. They tried invasion in different seasons, but still failed. The incorporation of Kibaku people into British Colonial Borno marked the end of Kibaku’s independence. Under the British Indirect Rule System, Kibaku was administered under Damboa District until 1982/83 when Chibok Local Government Council was created by the Mohammed Goni Administration. In 1984, the Muhammadu Buhari Administration reversed the creation of the local government, leaving Chibok once more under Damboa. On October 1, 1996, the Sani Abacha Administration created additional six local governments including Chibok Local Government with its headquarters at Chibok. The re-creation of the local government council brought remarkable improvements in the areas of education, health, agriculture and electricity. But the area still lacks adequate water supply, housing, and roads. But few Kibaku people attain government appointments and university education. Chibok has local wards namely Garu, Whuntaku, Mboa Kura, Kwarangilum, Shikarkir, Likama, Mbalala, Gatamwarwa, Kautikari, Kuburmbula, Pemi, with Chibok town as the local government headquarters. The proliferation of Christianity and Islam almost phased out most of the community’s traditional festivals. Some of those included Sadakar Janguli, Sadakar Azidum, Ngurbwalla (celebration of the birth of twins), and Vi-Kula (traditional burial right). The Kibaku people are interrelated through marriages, and settlement, including those found in other local government areas of the state. The Kibaku people are fiercely proud of their heritage, which is a source of inspiration for the community today.

  • Dr. Manasseh is the founder of the “Save Kibaku Group” and Dr. Bitrus is the national chairman of the “Kibaku Area Development Association”

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