Admiral of the fleet (Thailand)

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Admiral of the Fleet of Thailand
จอมพลเรือ
RTN OF-10 (Admiral of the Fleet).svg
Rank insignia of a Thai Admiral of the Fleet
Flag Thai Admiral of the Fleet.svg
Rank Flag of a Thai Admiral of the Fleet
Country  Thailand
Service branch Royal Thai Navy
Rank Five-star rank
Formation 1888
Next higher rank Head of the Armed Forces
Next lower rank Admiral
Equivalent ranks

Chom Phon Ruea (Thai: จอมพลเรือ) or Admiral of the Fleet is the most senior naval officer rank of the Royal Thai Navy, and is the equivalent to a Admiral of the fleet. Today it is only ceremonially held by members of the Thai Royal family. The Royal Thai Army equivalent is known as just Chom Phon and Chom Phon Akat for the Royal Thai Air Force.

The King of Thailand as Head of the Armed Forces is automatically made a Chom Phon upon accession. The rank was formally created in 1888, together with all other ranks of the military by King Chulalongkorn (Rama V), who wanted to modernize his Armed Forces through western lines.

Supreme Head of the Navy[edit]

Portrait Name Reign from Reign until Death
Chulalongkorn LoC.jpg
King Chulalongkorn
(Rama V)
1 October 1868 23 October 1910
King Vajiravudh portrait photograph.jpg
King Vajiravudh
(Rama VI)
23 October 1910 25 November 1925
King Prajadhipok portrait photograph.jpg
King Prajadhipok
(Rama VII)
25 November 1925 2 March 1935
(abdicated)
30 May 1941
King Ananda Mahidol portrait photograph.jpg
King Ananda Mahidol
(Rama VIII)
2 March 1935 9 June 1946
King Bhumibol Adulyadej portrait photograph.jpg
King Bhumibol Adulyadej
(Rama IX)
9 June 1946 Present

List of Admirals of the Fleet[edit]

No. Image Name Life Date of Appointment Notes Refs
1
Prince Bhanurangsi Savangwongse.jpg
Prince Bhanurangsi Savangwongse 1859–1928 1913 Brother of King Chualongkorn. Held the post of Commander of the Department of Military Operation. Also made Field Marshal of Siam in 1910.[1] Previously held the rank of General in the army. [2][3]
2
Prince Paribatra Sukhumbhand.jpg
Prince Paripatra Sukhumbhand,
the Prince of Nakhon Sawan
1881–1944 1917 Brother of King Vajiravudh. Serve as Minister of the Navy (1903–1920) and Minister of the Interior. Also received the rank of Field Marshal in the same year. Previously held the rank of Admiral in the navy. [4][5]
3
Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram.jpg
Plaek Phibunsongkhram 1897–1964 1941 Prime Minister of Thailand (1938–1944 and from 1948–1957). Held the post of Supreme Commander of the Royal Thai Armed Forces Headquarters. Also received the ranks of Field Marshal and Marshal of the Air Force in the same year. Popularly known as Chom Phon Por (Field marshal Por). Previously held the rank of Major general in the army. [6][7]
4
Emblem of the Royal Thai Navy.svg
Luang Yuthasartkosol
(Prayoon Yuthasartkosol)
1905–1957 1956 Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand (1957). Held the post of Commander of the Royal Thai Navy from 1951–1957. Also served as Minister of Agriculture and Cooperatives and as Minister of Culture under the premiership of Plaek Phibunsongkhram. [8]
5
Sarit Dhanarajata.jpg
Sarit Dhanarajata 1908–1963 1959 Prime Minister of Thailand (1958–1963). Held the post of Supreme Commander of the Royal Thai Armed Forces Headquarters. Received the rank of Field Marshal in 1956. Later also receive the ranks of Admiral of the Fleet and Marshal of the Air Force in 1959.[8] Previously held the ranks of General in the army, Admiral in navy and Air Chief Marshal in the air force.[9] [10][11]
6
Thanom Kittikachorn 1960 02.jpg
Thanom Kittikachorn 1911–2004 1964 Prime Minister of Thailand (1963–1973 and from 1958–1958). Held the post of Supreme Commander of the Royal Thai Armed Forces Headquarters. Also received the ranks of Field Marshal and Marshal of the Air Force at the same time. Previously held the rank of General in the army. [12][13]
7
Praphas Charusathien.jpg
Praphas Charusathien 1912–1997 1973 Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand (1958–1958). Also received the ranks of Field Marshal and Marshal of the Air Force at the same time. Held the post of Commander-in-chief of the Royal Thai Army. Previously held the rank of General in the army. [14][15]
8
Queen Sirikit in 1962.jpg
Queen Regent Sirikit of Thailand 1932–present 1992 Consort of King Bhumibol Adulyadej. Also received the ranks of Field Marshal and Marshal of the Air Force at the same time. Possibly the only female in history to attain such ranks. [16]
9
Prince Mahidol Adulyadej.jpg
Prince Mahidol Adulyadej,
the Prince of Songkhla
1892–1929 1998 Awarded posthumously by Royal Command. Father of Kings Ananda Mahidol and Bhumibol Adulyadej. Graduated from the Imperial German Naval Academy at Flensburg-Mürwik. Commissioned in 1912, the Prince resigned from the navy in 1914 to pursue a medical career. Previously held the rank of Captain in the navy. [17]

Rank flags[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Royal Gazette, Awarding of Army Commissions, Volume 27, Page 2165, 18 December 2453 B.E.
  2. ^ Royal Gazette, Awarding of Naval Commissions, Volume 30, Page 2441, 18 January 2456 B.E.
  3. ^ Royal Thai Army. "จอมพล สมเด็จพระเจ้าบรมวงศ์เธอ เจ้าฟ้าภาณุรังษีสว่างวงษ์". www.rta.mi.th. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  4. ^ Royal Gazette, Awarding of Military Commissions, Volume 34, Page 2867, 31 December 2460 B.E.
  5. ^ Royal Thai Army. "จอมพล สมเด็จพระเจ้าบรมวงศ์เธอ เจ้าฟ้าบริพัตรสุขุมพันธุ์". www.rta.mi.th. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  6. ^ Royal Gazette, Announcement of Royal Decree, Volume 58, Page 981, 28 July 2484 B.E.
  7. ^ Royal Thai Army. "จอมพล หลวงพิบูลสงคราม ( จอมพล แปลก พิบูลสงคราม )". www.rta.mi.th. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  8. ^ a b Royal Gazette, Announcement from the Secretariat of the Cabinet pertaining to the awarding of military ranks, Volume 73, Chapter 26, Page 1, 27 March 2499 B.E.
  9. ^ Royal Gazette, Announcement from the Secretariat of the Cabinet pertaining to the awarding of military ranks, Volume 72, Chapter 20, Page 660, 15 March 2498 B.E.
  10. ^ Royal Gazette, Announcement from the Secretariat of the Cabinet pertaining to the awarding of military ranks, Volume 76, Chapter 28, Page 12, 28 February 2502 B.E.
  11. ^ Royal Thai Army. "จอมพล สฤษดิ์ ธนะรัชต์". www.rta.mi.th. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  12. ^ Royal Gazette, Announcement from the Office of the Prime Minister pertaining to the awarding of military ranks, Volume 81, Chapter 3, Page 1, 11 January 2507 B.E.
  13. ^ Royal Thai Army. "จอมพล ถนอม กิตติขจร". www.rta.mi.th. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  14. ^ Royal Gazette, Announcement from the Office of the Prime Minister pertaining to the awarding of military ranks, Volume 90, Chapter 64, Page 1, 6 June 2516 B.E.
  15. ^ Royal Thai Army. "จอมพล ประภาส จารุเสถียร". www.rta.mi.th. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  16. ^ Royal Gazette, Announcement from the Office of the Prime Minister pertaining to the awarding of military ranks, Volume 109, Chapter 111, Page 1, 4 August 2535 B.E.
  17. ^ Royal Gazette, Announcement from the Office of the Prime Minister pertaining to the awarding of military ranks, Volume 115, Chapter 4ข, Page 1, 2 March 2541 B.E.