Royal Thai Marine Corps

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Royal Thai Marine Corps
ราชนาวิกโยธินแห่งราชอาณาจักรไทย
Emblem of the Royal Thai Marines.svg
Royal Thai Marine Corps insignia
Founded30 July 1959
Country Thailand
BranchFlag of the Royal Thai Navy.svg Royal Thai Navy
TypeMarines Combined arms
RoleGround warfare
Amphibious warfare
Size23,000 Active personnel[1]
Garrison/HQRTMC headquarters, Sattahip, Chonburi
Nickname(s)"Nor Yor" Marines
Motto(s)Once a Marine, Always a Marine
The Few, The Proud
MarchRoyal Thai Marine Corps march
AnniversariesJuly 30
Engagements
Commanders
Commander-
in-chief
Admiral Luechai Rutdit
Commander
of the RTMC
Vice Admiral Ronnarong Sittinan

The Royal Thai Marine Corps or RTMC (Thai: ราชนาวิกโยธินแห่งราชอาณาจักรไทย) are the marines of the Royal Thai Navy. The Royal Thai Marine Corps was founded in 1932, when the first battalion was formed with the assistance of the United States Marine Corps. It was expanded to a regiment in 1940 and was in action against communist guerrillas throughout the 1950s and 1960s. During the 1960s the United States Marine Corps assisted in its expansion into a brigade. The Royal Thai Marine Corps saw action on the Malaysian border in the 1970s, and has now been increased to four brigades.

History[edit]

Historically, there was no distinction in Siam between soldiers and marines, with the army performing both functions. The first "Thahan Ma-Rine", meaning "Marine Soldiers", were formed in 1833, during the reign of King Rama III. "Ma-Rine" was simply a transliteration of the English word. The development of the modern Thai Marine Corps can be divided into three periods:

Early years[edit]

Sesquicentennial celebrations of The Revolution in 1932

The Marine Soldiers of the 19th and early 20th centuries were few in number and served mainly as a royal honor guard that provided security for the King whenever he traveled around the country.

On March 2, 1913, however, the Ministry of the Navy reorganized the Marine Soldiers. The Marine artillery platoon was attached to the Operation Command Department of Ships and Fortresses, while the Marine infantry platoon in Bangkok was attached to the Vehicle Division of the Department of the Navy Amphibious Assault Group.

The Revolution in 1932 transformed Thailand from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy. Shortly after, the Royal Thai Navy was reorganized, and the vehicle battalion became the Marine Corps Battalion of the Bangkok Navy Station. This is considered the first Marine Corps Battalion in Thailand.

Post–1932 Revolution (1932–1955)[edit]

The 2nd Marine Corps Battalion was established at Sattahip in 1937. Two years later, the 2nd Battalion was expanded into the Marine Corps Department. Shortly after that, a border dispute with French Indo-China turned violent, and the Marine Corps Department's "Chanthaburi Division" was engaged in action with the French Foreign Legion several times. During World War II, the Marine Corps sent troops to defend the southern border with Malaya and also guarded Phuket Province from possible attack.

After Imperial Japan's surrender in September 1945, Thai Marines helped disarm the Japanese Army at Baan Pong District in Ratchaburi Province. In 1950, when violence in Malaysia spilled over into Thailand, Marine Corps Troop 6 was sent to help restore the peace in Narathiwat Province.

Surprisingly, on June 29, 1951, the Thai government disbanded the Marine Corps Bureau, and the Marines were distributed into naval units. However, this was during the Korean War, and both the United States Military and the Royal Thai Navy urged Thailand to reconsider.

New Age (1955–present)[edit]

Thai marines group in Communist insurgency in Thailand

Four years later, the Thai Government acknowledged that a Marine Corps could perform a useful role in national defense. On July 30, 1955, the government created the Marine Corps Department. In 1961, tensions flared over the disputed Preah Vihear Temple, situated on the Thai side of a high cliff on the Cambodian border but shown on French maps as being in Cambodia. The Chanthaburi and Trat borders with Cambodia gave the Marine Corps Department its first assignment, safeguarding the coastline and southeastern border. Since 1970 the Marine Corps' Chanthaburi-Trat Task Force has been officially assigned the defense of this area.

During 1972 and 1973, Thai Marines were involved in the "Operation Sam-Chai" anti-communist operations in Phetchabun Province and the "Pha-Phum" anti-communist operations in Chiang Rai Province. In 1973 and 1974, they took part in anti-communist operations in the southern provinces of Pattani, Yala, and Narathiwat.

Royal Thai and US Marines eliminating hostile forces during a mock raid, 11 February 2011

Since 1975, Thai Marines have been assigned to Narathiwat as Force Reconnaissance Battalion. In 1977, they captured the communist camp at Krung-Ching in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, and remaining there until 1981.

Thai Marines today are responsible for border security in Chanthaburi and Trat provinces. They have fought communist insurgents in engagements at Baan Hard Lek, Baan Koat Sai, Baan Nhong Kok, Baan Kradook Chang, Baan Chumrark, and in the battle of Hard Don Nai in Nakhon Phanom Province.

Many Thai Marines have lost their lives serving their country, and they continue to do so today, especially in the southern border provinces currently affected by the South Thailand insurgency. A monument to their valor stands at the Royal Thai Navy base at Sattahip.

United Nations Peacekeeping Operations[edit]

Organization[edit]

Royal Thai Marine Corps Headquarters[edit]

The 1st Marine Battalion, King's Guard
Royal Thai marines conduct amphibious assault at Hat Yao Beach in Thailand
Marine Service Support Regiment
Royal Thailand Marines during Exercise Cobra Gold 2011

Miscellaneous[edit]

Equipment[edit]

Small arms[edit]

Royal Thai Marine prepare for amphibious assault training during CARAT, 2013
Royal Thai Marine engages targets during Exercise Cobra Gold 2012
Royal Thai marines conduct amphibious assault during Cobra Gold, 2011
Royal Thai Marine land ashore during an amphibious assault as part of CARAT 2011
Name Origin Type Caliber Notes
Pistol
M1911  Thailand
 United States
Semi-automatic pistol .45 ACP [4]
Star Bonifacio Echeverria  Thailand
 Spain
Semi-automatic pistol .45 ACP Royal Thai Army Ordnance Department Star Bonifacio Echeverria model M mod.[4]
Colt Commander  United States Semi-automatic pistol .45 ACP
.38 ACP
Colt Combat Commander.[4]
Smith & Wesson Centennial  United States Semi-automatic pistol .38 ACP [4]
Star Bonifacio Echeverria  Spain Semi-automatic pistol .38 ACP model M mod.[4]
Carl Walther PPK  Germany Semi-automatic pistol .38 ACP
9×19mm Parabellum
[4]
Browning Hi-Power  Belgium Semi-automatic pistol 9×19mm Parabellum Fabrique Nationale Browning High Power.[4]
Assault rifle
M16A1/A2/A3  Thailand
 United States
Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO [4]
M4A1/A3  United States Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO [4]
Bushmaster M4  United States Carbine 5.56×45mm NATO [4]
Colt AR-15  United States Carbine 5.56×45mm NATO [4]
IWI Tavor  Israel Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO IWI TAVOR TAR-21[5]
IWI X95  Israel Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO [4]
Heckler & Koch G36  Germany Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO Used by recon.[4][6][7][8][9]
Heckler & Koch HK416  Germany Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO Used by recon.[4][10][11][12][13]
FN SCAR  Belgium Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO Used by recon.[4][14][15][16][17]
CQ M-311  China Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO [4]
Shotguns
Remington Model 870  United States Shotgun 12 gauge [4]
Remington Model 1100  United States Shotgun 12 gauge [4]
Sniper rifle
Sako Defence Tikka  Finland Sniper rifle 5.56x45mm
.338 Lapua
[4]
Machine guns
Madsen M-50  Denmark Submachine gun 9×19mm Parabellum [4]
Micro Uzi  Israel Submachine gun 9×19mm Parabellum Micro Uzi[18]
M249  United States Light machine gun 5.56x45mm [4]
M60  United States General-purpose machine gun 7.62x51mm [4]
M2 Browning  United States Heavy machine gun 12.7x99mm [4]

Rocket, grenade and MANPAD[edit]

Royal Thai Marines on various components and functions added to an M-16 equipped with M203 grenade launcher
Name Origin Type Notes
Rocket, grenade and MANPAD
M203  United States Grenade launcher [4]
Armbrust  Germany Anti-tank weapon [4]
M47 Dragon  United States Anti-Tank Guided Missile [4]
BGM-71 TOW  United States Anti-Tank Guided Missile Use in Humvee.[4]
M40A2  United States Recoilless rifle [4]
QW-18  China MANPAD [4]

Combat vehicles[edit]

Royal Thai Marines storm ashore in an amphibious assault vehicle during Cobra Gold 2007
Royal Thai Marines prepare for amphibious assault training (CARAT), 2013
Name Origin Type Quantity Notes
Combat vehicles
Type 69-ll  China Main battle tank 5 [4]
AAV-7A1  Thailand
 United States
Armoured personnel carrier 36 Variants include: AAVP-7A1, AAVC-7A1, AAVR-7A1. Upgraded locally by Chaiseri to match with the BAE Systems's AAV7A1 RAM/RS standard.[4][19]
BTR-3E1  Thailand
 Ukraine
Armoured personnel carrier 12 [4]
HMV-150 Commando  Thailand
 United States
Armoured personnel carrier 24 HMV-150 has an 8.9 liters Cummins ISL engine with a new automatic transmission Allison 4500 with six gears, which were upgraded done by Panus Assembly.[20][4][21]
DTI Black Widow Spider  Thailand Armoured personnel carrier 1 (+4) [22]
Phantom 380-X  Thailand Armoured personnel carrier 1 [23]

Logistic vehicles[edit]

Isuzu Forward
Name Origin Type Notes
Logistic vehicles
Humvee  United States Utility vehicle RTMC use M998, M1097A2, M997, M1025, M1045A2, M966.[4]
M151  United States Utility vehicle RTMC use M151A2, M151A2 mounting TOW, M718A1, M825.[4]
Ford Ranger  Thailand
 United States
Utility vehicle [4]
M35 2-1/2 ton cargo truck  United States Truck RTMC use M35A2, M50A2, M49A2, M109A2.[4]
Isuzu Forward  Thailand
 Japan
Truck RTMC use SBR,TXD 4x2,TSD 4x4,TWD 6x6,HTW,FTR 4x4.[4]
M813  United States Tractor unit RTMC use M54A2,M543A2.[4]

Field artillery[edit]

Name Origin Type Quantity Notes
Howitzer
ATMOS 2000  Thailand
 Israel
155 mm Self-propelled howitzer +(6) [24]
GC-45 howitzer  Austria 155mm towed howitzer 12 [4]
GHN-45 A1 APU howitzer  Austria 155mm towed howitzer 6 [4]
M101A1 mod  United States 105 mm towed howitzer 6 Improve the Nexter LG1 caliber.[4]
M101A1  United States 105 mm towed howitzer 30 [4]
Mortar
M120 mortar  Israel 120 mm Mortar [4]
M29A1 mortar  United States 81 mm Mortar [4]
M19 mortar  United States 60 mm Mortar [4]
M224 mortar  United States 60 mm Mortar [4]

History equipment[edit]

Armoured fighting vehicles[edit]

LVT of Royal Thai Marine
Name Origin Type Quantity Notes
LVT  United States Amphibious vehicle 16 [4]
M3 Half-track  United States Half-track armored personnel carrier 12+ [4]

Field artillery[edit]

Name Origin Type Quantity Notes
M1A1  United States 75mm Pack howitzer 16+ [4]

Combat Engagements[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

  • Mercury Man is a 2006 Thai superhero martial arts action film. It is directed by Bhandit Thongdee with martial arts choreography by Panna Rittikrai of Ong-Bak, Tom-Yum-Goong and Born to Fight. Thai marines is control Afghan terrorist group in movies.

Rank structure[edit]

Personnel of the RTMC use the uniform, ranks and insignia used by the personnel of the Royal Thai Navy, but with exceptions, such as:

  • Personnel of the RTMC wear combat helmets as part of their ceremonial uniforms instead of sailor caps or peaked caps (except officers who wear peaked caps)
  • Usually, Marines wear naval style insignia on the chest marks in their combat uniforms


Equivalent
NATO Code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 Cadet Officer
Officer
ranks
RTN OF-10 (Admiral of the Fleet).svg RTN OF-9 (Admiral).svg RTN OF-8 (Vice Admiral).svg RTN OF-7 (Rear Admiral).svg RTN OF-6 (Commodore).svg RTN OF-5 (Captain).svg RTN OF-4 (Commander).svg RTN OF-3 (Lieutenant Commander).svg RTN OF-2 (Lieutenant).svg RTN OF-1b (Lieutenant Junior Grade).svg RTN OF-1a (Sub-Lieutenant).svg
จอมพลเรือ พลเรือเอก พลเรือโท พลเรือตรี พลเรือจัตวา1 นาวาเอก นาวาโท นาวาตรี เรือเอก เรือโท เรือตรี นักเรียนนายเรือ
Admiral of the Fleet Admiral Vice Admiral Rear Admiral Commodore
or
Rear Admiral
(lower half)1
Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Lieutenant
Junior Grade
Sub Lieutenant Midshipman
Equivalent
NATO Code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-1
Enlisted
ranks
RTN OR-9 (Chief Petty Officer 1st Class).svg RTN OR-9 (Chief Petty Officer 1st Class).svg RTN OR-8 (Chief Petty Officer 2nd Class).svg RTN OR-7 (Chief Petty Officer 3rd Class).svg RTN OR-5 (Petty Officer 1st Class).svg RTN OR-4 (Petty Officer 2nd Class).svg RTN OR-3 (Petty Officer 3rd Class).svg No insignia
พันจ่าเอกพิเศษ พันจ่าเอก พันจ่าโท พันจ่าตรี จ่าเอก จ่าโท จ่าตรี พลทหาร
Master Chief Petty
Officer
Senior Chief Petty
Officer
Chief Petty
Officer
Petty Officer
1st class
Petty Officer
2nd Class
Petty Officer
3rd Class
Seaman Seaman apprentice

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ บำรุงสุข, สุรชาติ (18 July 2019). "เปิดข้อมูลอำนาจกำลังรบไทย". www.matichonweekly.com. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e http://www.marines.navy.mi.th/index.php/main/index www.marines.navy.mi.th/index.php/main/
  3. ^ http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Fast+on+water.-a0173229618
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax armedforce, thai (26 September 2019). "royal-thai-navy-ยุทโธปกรณ์ในกองทัพเรือ". thaiarmedforce.com. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  5. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lFHwYaOKZAE
  6. ^ "From the picture is Royal Thai navy Recon Force Duties for security in southern Thailand. Use Hk G36C with EoTech 552, An/peq15 and an/pvs7 night vision goggles". Archived from the original on 2014-04-27. Retrieved 2014-04-27.
  7. ^ "Royal Thai special force หน่วยรบพิเศษของไทย [HD]". YouTube. 10 October 2012.
  8. ^ "DVIDS - Images - Multinational Recon Marines hone live-fire skills [Image 2 of 8]". DVIDS.
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ "From the picture is Royal Thai navy Recon Force Duties for security in southern Thailand. Use Hk G36C with EoTech 552, An/peq15 and an/pvs7 night vision goggles". Archived from the original on 2014-04-27. Retrieved 2014-04-27.
  11. ^ "Royal Thai special force หน่วยรบพิเศษของไทย [HD]". YouTube. 10 October 2012.
  12. ^ "DVIDS - Images - Multinational Recon Marines hone live-fire skills [Image 2 of 8]". DVIDS.
  13. ^ [2]
  14. ^ "From the picture is Royal Thai navy Recon Force Duties for security in southern Thailand. Use Hk G36C with EoTech 552, An/peq15 and an/pvs7 night vision goggles". Archived from the original on 2014-04-27. Retrieved 2014-04-27.
  15. ^ "Royal Thai special force หน่วยรบพิเศษของไทย [HD]". YouTube. 10 October 2012.
  16. ^ "DVIDS - Images - Multinational Recon Marines hone live-fire skills [Image 2 of 8]". DVIDS.
  17. ^ [3]
  18. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lFHwYaOKZAE
  19. ^ https://aagth1.blogspot.com/2019/10/blog-post.html
  20. ^ Administrator. "HMV-150 4x4 APC based on US V-150 Thailand navy Panus assembly 10807171 - weapons defence industry military technology UK - analysis focus army defence military industry army". www.armyrecognition.com. Archived from the original on 16 July 2017. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  21. ^ https://aagth1.blogspot.com/2019/03/v-150-remote.html
  22. ^ https://aagth1.blogspot.com/2019/03/v-150-remote.html
  23. ^ http://weaponandtechnology.blogspot.com/2018/08/2-phantom-380x-by-panus.html
  24. ^ https://www.janes.com/article/92704/d-s-2019-thailand-expands-artillery-production-projects

External links[edit]