Chu Coching

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Coching Chu
竺可楨
Zhu Kezhen 01.jpg
Coching Chu
Born(1890-03-07)March 7, 1890
DiedFebruary 7, 1974(1974-02-07) (aged 83)
Beijing, China
NationalityChinese
Alma materFudan University
University of Illinois (BSc)
Harvard University (PhD)
Scientific career
FieldsMeteorology
Geology
InstitutionsNational Southeast University
National Chekiang University
Academia Sinica
Chinese Academy of Sciences
ThesisA New Classification of Typhoons of the Far East (1924)
Former residence of Coching Chu in Nanjing.

Coching Chu or Zhu Kezhen (simplified Chinese: 竺可桢; traditional Chinese: 竺可楨; pinyin: Zhú Kězhēn; Wade–Giles: Chu K'o-chen; 7 March 1890 – 7 February 1974) was a Chinese geologist and meteorologist.

Born in Shangyu, Zhejiang, Chu went to United States for his college education in 1910. He graduated from the College of Agriculture, University of Illinois in 1913. In 1918, he received his Ph.D. in meteorology from Harvard University.

From 1920 to 1929, he was chairperson of Department of Meteorology, Nanjing University (formerly known as the Nanking Higher Normal School, National Southeastern University, and National Central University).

From 1929 to 1936 he served as director of the Chinese Institute of Meteorology of the Academia Sinica, which at the time was located in mainland China. Academia Sinica later became the predecessor of the Chinese Academy of Sciences of the People's Republic of China on mainland China and the Academia Sinica of the Republic of China on Taiwan.

From 1936 to 1949, he served as the president of National Chekiang University (now known as Zhejiang University) and elevated the institution to one of the most prestigious universities in China.

On 16 October 1949, he was assigned to the position of vice president of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

In 1955, he was elected an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Academic papers[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Zuoyue, Wang (1970–80). "Zhu Kezhen". Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 25. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 402–405. ISBN 978-0-684-10114-9.
Academic offices
Preceded by
Zheng Xiaocang
President of Zhejiang University
1936 – 1949
Succeeded by
Ma Yinchu