Zhou Peiyuan

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Zhou Peiyuan
Zhou Peiyuan wedding picture.jpg
Zhou Peiyuan with his wife in 1932
Native name
周培源
Born(1902-08-28)August 28, 1902
Died November 24, 1993(1993-11-24) (aged 91)
Alma materCalifornia Institute of Technology(Ph.D.)
University of Chicago
Tsinghua University
Spouse(s)Wang Dicheng (王蒂澂)
Scientific career
FieldsPhysics
InstitutionsPeking University
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
University of Leipzig
Institute for Advanced Study
Bronze bust of Zhou Peiyuan at Department of Physics, Peking University

Zhou Peiyuan (Chinese: 周培源; Wade–Giles: Chou P'ei-yüan; August 28, 1902 – November 24, 1993) was a Chinese theoretical physicist and politician. He served as president of Peking University, and was an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).[1]

Born in Yixing, Jiangsu, China, Zhou graduated from Tsinghua University in 1924. Then he went to the United States and obtained a bachelor's degree from University of Chicago in Spring of 1926, and a master's degree at the end of the same year. In 1928, he obtained his doctorate degree from California Institute of Technology under Eric Temple Bell with thesis The Gravitational Field of a Body with Rotational Symmetry in Einstein's Theory of Gravitation.[2] In 1936, he studied general relativity under Albert Einstein in the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton.[1] He did his post-doc researches in quantum mechanics at University of Leipzig in Germany and Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich. He was a professor of physics at Peking University, and later served as the president of the University. He was elected as a founding member of CAS in 1955.

Tsinghua University's Zhou Pei-Yuan Center for Applied Mathematics is named in his honor.[3] In 2003, a bronze statue of Zhou was unveiled on the campus of Peking University.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Zhou Peiyuan Is Dead – Educator-Scientist, 91". NY Times. 25 November 1993.
  2. ^ P'ei Yuan Chou at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  3. ^ Pei-Yuan Center for Applied Mathematics, Tsinghua University Archived September 25, 2015, at the Wayback Machine