Zhou Peiyuan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Zhou Peiyuan
Zhou Peiyuan wedding picture.jpg
Zhou Peiyuan with his wife in 1932
Born (1902-08-28)August 28, 1902
Yixing, Jiangsu Province, Qing China
Died November 24, 1993(1993-11-24) (aged 91)
Beijing, China
Fields Physics
Institutions Peking University
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
University of Leipzig
Institute for Advanced Study
Alma mater California Institute of Technology(Ph.D.)
University of Chicago
Tsinghua University
Spouse Wang Dicheng (王蒂澂)
Bronze bust of professor Zhou Peiyuan at Department of Physics, Peking University

Zhou Peiyuan (Chinese: 周培源; August 28, 1902 – November 24, 1993) was a renowned theoretical physicist of China. He was a former president of Peking University, and an academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).[1]

Born in Yixing, Jiangsu Province, Zhou graduated from Tsinghua University in 1924. Then he went to the United States and obtained a bachelor's degree from University of Chicago in Spring of 1926, and a master's degree at the end of the same year. In 1928, he obtained his doctorate degree from California Institute of Technology under Eric Temple Bell with thesis The Gravitational Field of a Body with Rotational Symmetry in Einstein's Theory of Gravitation.[2] In 1936, he studied general relativity under Albert Einstein in Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton.[1] He did his post-doc researches in quantum mechanics at University of Leipzig in Germany and Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich. He was a professor of physics at Peking University, and later served as the president of the University. He was elected as a founding member of CAS in 1955.

Tsinghua University's Zhou Pei-Yuan Center for Applied Mathematics is named in his honor.[3] In 2003, a bronze statue of Zhou was unveiled on the campus of Peking University.