Clarence E. Gauss

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Clarence Edward Gauss (January 12, 1887–1960) was an American diplomat. Gauss was born in Washington, D.C., as the son of Herman Gauss and Emile J. (Eisenman) Gauss. He married Rebecca Louise Barker in 1917. He was a Republican and a Protestant.

Diplomatic career[edit]

Gauss was a career Foreign Service Officer for the United States Foreign Service. He was posted as U.S. Vice Consul in Shanghai, 1912–15; U.S. Consul in Shanghai, 1916; Amoy, 1916–20; Tsinan, 1920–23; U.S. Consul General in Mukden, 1923–24; Tsinan, 1924–26; Shanghai, 1926–27, 1935–38; Tientsin, 1927–31; and Paris, 1935. From 1940-41 he served as U.S. Minister to Australia, and was the United States ambassador to the Republic of China during the Second World War.[1] He resigned from the post in November 1944, and was replaced by Patrick Hurley.


U.S. Vice Consul

U.S. Consul

  • Shanghai, 1916
  • Amoy, 1916–20
  • Tsinan, 1920–23

U.S. Consul General

  • Mukden, 1923–24
  • Tsinan, 1924–26
  • Shanghai, 1926–27, 1935–38
  • Tientsin, 1927–31
  • Paris, 1935
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Nelson T. Johnson
US Ambassador to China
Succeeded by
Patrick Hurley
Preceded by
first incumbent
U.S. Ambassador to Australia
Succeeded by
Nelson T. Johnson


  1. ^ U.S. Department of State, Office of the Historian. Gauss Clarence Edward