Clarence E. Gauss

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Clarence Gauss, US Ambassador to China

Clarence Edward Gauss (January 12, 1887 – April 8, 1960)[1] was an American diplomat.

Personal background[edit]

Gauss was born in Washington, D.C., as the son of Herman Gauss and Emile J. (Eisenman) Gauss. He married Rebecca Louise Barker in 1917. He was a Republican and a Protestant.

Diplomatic career[edit]

Frank P Lockhart, Gauss, Admiral William A. Glassford and RJ McMullen in Shanghai 1941
British Judge Sir Allan Mossop and Gauss in Shanghai in 1939

Gauss was a career Foreign Service Officer for the United States Foreign Service. He was posted as U.S. Vice Consul in Shanghai, 1912–15; U.S. Consul in Shanghai, 1916; Amoy, 1916–20; Tsinan, 1920–23; U.S. Consul General in Mukden, 1923–24; Tsinan, 1924–26; Shanghai, 1926–27 (acting), 1935–38; Tientsin, 1927–31; Paris, 1935; Shanghai, 1935-1940. From 1940-41 he served as U.S. Minister to Australia, and was the United States ambassador to the Republic of China during the Second World War.[2] He resigned from the post in November 1944, and was replaced by Patrick Hurley.


U.S. Vice Consul

U.S. Consul

U.S. Consul General

U.S. Minister

  • Australia, 1940-1941

U.S. Ambassador

  • China, 1941-1944


  1. ^ The United States in Asia: A Historical Dictionary
  2. ^ U.S. Department of State, Office of the Historian. Gauss Clarence Edward

External links[edit]

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Nelson T. Johnson
US Ambassador to China
Succeeded by
Patrick Hurley
Preceded by
first incumbent
U.S. Ambassador to Australia
Succeeded by
Nelson T. Johnson