Clarence E. Gauss

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Clarence Edward Gauss (January 12, 1887 – April 8, 1960)[1] was an American diplomat. Gauss was born in Washington, D.C., as the son of Herman Gauss and Emile J. (Eisenman) Gauss. He married Rebecca Louise Barker in 1917. He was a Republican and a Protestant.

Diplomatic career[edit]

Gauss was a career Foreign Service Officer for the United States Foreign Service. He was posted as U.S. Vice Consul in Shanghai, 1912–15; U.S. Consul in Shanghai, 1916; Amoy, 1916–20; Tsinan, 1920–23; U.S. Consul General in Mukden, 1923–24; Tsinan, 1924–26; Shanghai, 1926–27, 1935–38; Tientsin, 1927–31; and Paris, 1935. From 1940-41 he served as U.S. Minister to Australia, and was the United States ambassador to the Republic of China during the Second World War.[2] He resigned from the post in November 1944, and was replaced by Patrick Hurley.


U.S. Vice Consul

U.S. Consul

  • Shanghai, 1916
  • Amoy, 1916–20
  • Tsinan, 1920–23

U.S. Consul General

  • Mukden, 1923–24
  • Tsinan, 1924–26
  • Shanghai, 1926–27, 1935–38
  • Tientsin, 1927–31
  • Paris, 1935
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Nelson T. Johnson
US Ambassador to China
Succeeded by
Patrick Hurley
Preceded by
first incumbent
U.S. Ambassador to Australia
Succeeded by
Nelson T. Johnson


  1. ^ The United States in Asia: A Historical Dictionary
  2. ^ U.S. Department of State, Office of the Historian. Gauss Clarence Edward