Clay, New York

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Clay, New York
Town
Clay town hall
Clay town hall
Location in Onondaga County and the state of New York.
Location in Onondaga County and the state of New York.
Coordinates: 43°9′2″N 76°11′39″W / 43.15056°N 76.19417°W / 43.15056; -76.19417Coordinates: 43°9′2″N 76°11′39″W / 43.15056°N 76.19417°W / 43.15056; -76.19417
Country United States
State New York
County Onondaga
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Town Supervisor Damian M. Ulatowski (R)
 • Town Council
Area
 • Total 48.8 sq mi (126.4 km2)
 • Land 48.0 sq mi (124.3 km2)
 • Water 0.8 sq mi (2.0 km2)
Elevation 377 ft (115 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 58,206
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 13041
Area code(s) 315
FIPS code 36-16067
GNIS feature ID 0978835

Clay is a town in Onondaga County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 58,206, making it Syracuse's largest suburb. The town was named after Henry Clay, statesman.

Clay is northwest of Syracuse, New York. It is the largest town in the county, contains part of the village of North Syracuse, and is an affluent suburb of Syracuse. It contains the major retail strip of Syracuse's northwesterly suburbs, along New York State Route 31 (NY-31), including the Great Northern Mall.

History[edit]

Prior to European settlement in the area, Clay was inhabited by the Onondaga Nation, part of the Iroquois Confederacy, some of whose descendants still live in the area today.[1]

Clay was within the Central New York Military Tract. The town was first settled by outsiders around 1791 and was previously known as West Cicero.

The Town of Clay was formed in 1827 from the Town of Cicero, one of the original townships of the military tract.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 48.8 square miles (126 km2), of which 48.0 square miles (124 km2) is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) of it (1.60%) is water.

The northern town line is the border of Oswego County, New York, marked by the Oneida River. The Seneca River marks the western town line. Both these rivers join into the Oswego River near the community of Three Rivers. The renovated Erie Canal follows the rivers around the border of Clay.

New York State Route 31 is an east-west highway through the town. New York State Route 481 intersects NY-31 west of Euclid.

Clay is north of Onondaga Lake.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,095
1840 2,852 36.1%
1850 3,402 19.3%
1860 3,583 5.3%
1870 3,156 −11.9%
1880 2,910 −7.8%
1890 2,630 −9.6%
1900 2,578 −2.0%
1910 2,431 −5.7%
1920 2,488 2.3%
1930 3,560 43.1%
1940 4,050 13.8%
1950 7,001 72.9%
1960 17,760 153.7%
1970 36,274 104.2%
1980 52,838 45.7%
1990 59,749 13.1%
2000 58,805 −1.6%
2010 58,206 −1.0%
Est. 2014 59,806 [2] 2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]

As of the census of 2000, there were 58,805 people, 22,294 households, and 15,940 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,224.9 people per square mile (472.9/km²). There were 23,398 housing units at an average density of 487.4 per square mile (188.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 92.13% White, 3.50% African-American, 0.47% Native American, 2.01% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 1.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1.39% of the population.[4]

There were 22,294 households out of which 38.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.5% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.11.[4]

An upscale neighborhood in Clay

In the town, the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.[4]

The median income for a household in the town was $90,412, and the median income for a family was $97,493. Males had a median income of $40,387 versus $27,996 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,011. About 4.1% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.[4]

Communities and locations[edit]

  • Bayberry — A suburban residential community in the town.
  • Belgium — A hamlet on NY-31 near the western town line.
  • Cherry Estates — A hamlet near the eastern town line.
  • Clay — The hamlet of Clay is located on NY-31.
  • Country Meadow — A very large (and still-growing) neighborhood off of Caughdenoy Rd, site of the 2008 Parade of Homes.
  • Elmcrest — A hamlet in the southwest part of Clay.
  • Euclid — A hamlet in the northern part of the town on NY-31.
  • Fairway East — A sprawling subdivision linking Morgan Road with Soule Road. There are many streets and approximately 500 homes.
  • Gatewood — A neighborhood in the eastern part of the town off of Maple Road. Consists of three streets and 72 houses.
  • Great Northern Mall — A large regional mall at the junction of routes NY-31 and NY-481. Built in Clay in 1988, it is one of three major enclosed malls in the Syracuse area.
  • Kimbrook — A suburban residential community.
  • Lawton Valley Hunt — A very large housing development between Caughdenoy Road, NY-31, and Lawton Road. The final phase of the development has recently[when?] been completed.
  • Lynelle Meadows — A suburban residential community.
  • Moyers Corners — A hamlet on NY-31 near the western town line, east of Belgium.
  • North Syracuse — The Village of North Syracuse is mostly within the Town of Clay.
  • Pinegate North & South — A suburban residential community located across from Soule Road Middle and Elementary Schools.
  • Rodger Corner — A hamlet south of Clay village.
  • The Farmstead — A new upscale neighborhood off of Maple Road, site of the 2014 Parade of Homes.
  • Three Rivers — A hamlet at the western town line at the junction of the Oneida, Oswego, and Seneca Rivers.
  • Willow Stream — A suburban residential community.
  • Woodard — A hamlet in the southwest part of Clay.
  • Youngs — A hamlet north of Clay village.

Fire departments[edit]

Parts of Clay are covered by Moyers Corners Fire Department and Clay Fire Department.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ New York State Language Regional Bilingual Education Resource Network (2012). "Native American Indian Language & Culture in New York" (PDF). New York University. pp. 5–10. Retrieved 20 September 2015. 
  2. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 

External links[edit]