Richard Tiffany Gere (IPA: // GEER; born August 31, 1949) is an American actor and producer. He began in films in the 1970s, playing a supporting role in Looking for Mr. Goodbar (1977) and a starring role in Days of Heaven (1978). He came to prominence with his role in the film American Gigolo (1980), which established him as a leading man and a sex symbol. He has gone on to star in many films, including An Officer and a Gentleman (1982), The Cotton Club (1984), Pretty Woman (1990), Sommersby (1993), Primal Fear (1996), Runaway Bride (1999), I'm Not There (2007), Arbitrage (2012) and Norman: The Moderate Rise and Tragic Fall of a New York Fixer (2016). For portraying Billy Flynn in the musical Chicago (2002), he won a Golden Globe Award and a Screen Actors Guild Award as part of the cast.
Richard Tiffany Gere was born in Philadelphia on August 31, 1949, the eldest son and second child of housewife Doris Ann (née Tiffany; 1924–2016) and NMIC insurance agent Homer George Gere (born 1922). His father had originally intended to become a minister. Gere was raised Methodist in Syracuse, New York. His paternal great-grandfather, George Lane Gere (1848–1932), changed the spelling of his surname from "Geer". One of his ancestors, also named George, was an Englishman who came from Heavitree and settled in the Connecticut Colony in 1638. Both of Gere's parents were Mayflower descendants, and his ancestors include Pilgrims such as John Billington, William Brewster, Francis Eaton, Francis Cooke, Degory Priest, George Soule, and Richard Warren. In 1967, he graduated from North Syracuse Central High School, where he excelled at gymnastics and music and played the trumpet. He attended the University of Massachusetts Amherst on a gymnastics scholarship, majoring in philosophy; after two years, he left and did not graduate.
Gere first worked professionally at the Seattle Repertory Theatre and the Provincetown Playhouse on Cape Cod in 1969, where he starred in Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead. His first major acting role was in the original London stage version of Grease, in 1973. He was one of the first notable Hollywood actors to play a homosexual character, starring as a gay Holocaust victim in the 1979 Broadway production of Bent, for which he earned a Theatre World Award.
Gere began appearing in Hollywood films in the mid-1970s. Originally cast in a starring role in The Lords of Flatbush (1974), he was replaced after fighting with his co-star Sylvester Stallone. He played a small but memorable part in Looking for Mr. Goodbar (1977) and starred in director Terrence Malick's well-reviewed drama Days of Heaven (1978). The crime drama American Gigolo (1980) significantly boosted his profile and the romantic drama An Officer and a Gentleman (1982) (co-starring Debra Winger) cemented Gere's ascent to stardom, grossing almost $130 million and winning two Academy Awards out of six nominations; Gere himself received his first Golden Globe Award nomination. For the remainder of the 1980s, Gere appeared in films of varying critical and commercial reception. His career rebounded with the releases of Internal Affairs (1990) and Pretty Woman (1990), the latter of which earned him his second Golden Globe Award nomination. The 1990s saw Gere star in successful films including Sommersby (1993) (opposite Jodie Foster), Primal Fear (1996) and Runaway Bride (1999) (which reunited him with his Pretty Woman co-star Julia Roberts). He also took a leading role in the action thriller The Jackal (1997), playing former IRA militant Declan Mulqueen; Gere affected an Irish accent for the role.
Gere was named People magazine's "Sexiest Man Alive" in 1999. Not long thereafter, all in the same year, he appeared in the hit films The Mothman Prophecies (2002), Unfaithful (2002) and the Academy Award-winning musical film adaptation Chicago (2002), for which he won his first Golden Globe Award. Gere's ballroom dancing drama Shall We Dance? (2004) was also a solid performer that grossed $170 million worldwide. His next film, the book-to-screen adaptation Bee Season (2005), was a commercial failure. Gere went on to co-star with Jesse Eisenberg and Terrence Howard in The Hunting Party (2007), a thriller in which he played a journalist in Bosnia. He next appeared with Christian Bale, Heath Ledger and Cate Blanchett in Todd Haynes' semi-biographical film about Bob Dylan, I'm Not There (2007); Gere was one of six actors to portray a variation of Dylan. He co-starred with Diane Lane in the romantic drama Nights in Rodanthe (2008). The film was widely panned by critics (making #74 on The Times Worst Films of 2008 list), but grossed over $84 million worldwide. The film is his most recent to have been produced entirely by a major film studio.
Gere has expressed a belief that his politics regarding China, an important financial resource for major Hollywood studios, have made him unwelcome within Hollywood. He embraced his apparent exile from Hollywood and instead appeared in independent films that garnered some of the best reviews of his career. He was notably singled out for portraying businessman Robert Miller in Arbitrage (2012), earning his fourth Golden Globe Award nomination. Among many positive reviews, Peter Travers of Rolling Stone cited Gere's performance as "too good to ignore" and "an implosive tour de force". Lou Lumenick of the New York Post further wrote that he "gives the best performance of his career". Also in 2012, he received the Golden Starfish Award for Lifetime Achievement from the Hamptons International Film Festival and the Career Achievement Award from the Hollywood Film Awards. He had earlier received an award from the 34th Cairo International Film Festival in December 2010.
Gere made a notable departure from his traditional screen persona with Joseph Cedar's political drama Norman: The Moderate Rise and Tragic Fall of a New York Fixer (2016). The film saw him portray Norman Oppenheimer, a small-time Jewish fixer. Gere himself described the character as an embodiment of the "sides of us we know are annoying and needy". His portrayal of Oppenheimer was called "consistently, completely fascinating" by RogerEbert.com and was singled out as a worthy Academy Award contender by Variety.
Gere is an accomplished musician, composing and performing the Pretty Woman piano theme and a guitar solo in Runaway Bride. He learned tap dance for his role as lawyer Billy Flynn in Chicago, and karate for An Officer and a Gentleman.
Activism and politics
Gere regularly visits Dharamshala, the headquarters of the Tibetan government-in-exile. He is an advocate for human rights in Tibet and is a co-founder of the Tibet House US, creator of the Gere Foundation, and Chairman of the Board of Directors for the International Campaign for Tibet. Because he supports the Tibetan Independence Movement, he is permanently banned from entering China.
In September 2007, Gere called for the boycott of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games to put pressure on China to make Tibet independent. He starred in a Free Tibet-themed Lancia commercial featuring the Lancia Delta. On June 27, 2011, Gere meditated in Borobudur Temple, in Indonesia. He actively supports Survival International, an organization dedicated to protecting the rights and lands of tribal peoples throughout the world.
Gere campaigns for ecological causes and AIDS awareness. He currently serves on the board of directors for Healing the Divide, an organization that supports global initiatives to promote peace, justice and understanding. He helped to establish the AIDS Care Home, a residential facility in India for women and children with AIDS, and also supports campaigns for AIDS awareness and education in that country. In 1999, he created the Gere Foundation India Trust to support a variety of humanitarian programs in India.
On April 15, 2007, Gere appeared at an AIDS awareness rally in Jaipur. During a live news conference to promote condom use among truck drivers, he embraced Bollywood superstar Shilpa Shetty, dipped her, and kissed her several times on the cheek. As a result of that gesture, a local court ordered the arrest of Gere and Shetty, finding them in violation of public obscenity laws. Gere has said the controversy was "manufactured by a small hard-line political party". About a month later, a two-judge bench headed by the Chief Justice of India, K. G. Balakrishnan, described the case as "frivolous" and believed that such complaints against celebrities were filed for "cheap publicity" and have brought a bad name to the country. They ruled that Gere would remain free to enter the country.
Gere contributed some of his writing for the book, We Are One: A Celebration of Tribal Peoples, released in October 2009. Gere discussed the persecution and loss of land of the Jummas as an example of a tragic story that repeats itself in different continents of the world, calling attention to the crime against their peaceful culture and how it reflects on humankind's own relationship with nature and capacity to survive. The royalties from the sale of the book go to the indigenous rights organization, Survival International.
In 2010, Gere stated that the war in Iraq was not supported by the American people and that the Bush administration had "bullied" Americans into the decision. He called George W. Bush a "very poor president". In a press conference held on the sidelines of the 34th Cairo International Film Festival, he said, "I'm very sorry about what the U.S. has done in Iraq. This war has been a tragedy for everyone. I hope that the people of Iraq can rebuild their country."
In 2017, Gere criticized Benjamin Netanyahu's policies on the Palestinians and Israel's expansion of settlements in the occupied West Bank, stating, "Settlements are such an absurd provocation and, certainly in the international sense, completely illegal—and they are certainly not part of the program of someone who wants a genuine peace process."
Gere had on-again/off-again relationships with actress Penelope Milford from 1971 to 1978, and painter Sylvia Martins to 1978 to 1986. During those years, he was also sporadically linked with Tuesday Weld, Carole Mallory, Dawn Steel, Loree Rodkin, Diane von Furstenberg, Barbara Carrera, and Barbra Streisand. He was accused of having affairs with Priscilla Presley and Kim Basinger in tell-all books written by Presley's ex-boyfriend Michael Edwards and Basinger's ex-husband Ron Snyder. He has also reportedly dated model Laura Bailey, Tina Chow, Dalila Di Lazzaro, and Padma Lakshmi. He was married to model Cindy Crawford from 1991 to 1995.
In November 2002, Gere married model and actress Carey Lowell. They have a son, Homer James Jigme Gere, who was born in February 2000 and is named for his grandfathers as well as the Tibetan name "Jigme". In September 2013, the two separated after 11 years of marriage. They spent three years in highly contested divorce proceedings in New York County Supreme Court. The case was settled in October 2016. In early April 2018, Gere married Spanish activist Alejandra Silva. In August 2018, they announced that they were expecting their first child. Their son, Alexander, was born in February 2019. In April 2020, the birth of their second son was reported.
Gere's interest in Buddhism began when he was in his 20s. He first studied Zen Buddhism under Kyozan Joshu Sasaki. After having studied Zen for five or six years, he and Brazilian painter Sylvia Martins traveled in 1978 to Nepal, where he met many Tibetan monks and lamas. He then met the 14th Dalai Lama in India and became a practicing Tibetan Buddhist (specifically of the Gelugpa school) and an active supporter of the Dalai Lama.
Honors and awards
On May 17, 2012, Albanian President, Bamir Topi awarded the "Medal of Gratitude" to Gere with the citation: "With gratitude and honor outstanding personality of the world art, great humanist and activist for the protection of human rights, which unmasked and the American public made known, and further, inhuman crimes, ethnic cleansing in Kosovo, in 1999, the Serbian military machine against the Albanian civilian population living in its land." On February 16, 2012, the George Eastman Museum honored Gere with the George Eastman Award for distinguished contribution to the art of film.
|1975||Report to the Commissioner||Billy|
|1976||Baby Blue Marine||Raider|
|1977||Looking for Mr. Goodbar||Tony Lopanto|
|1978||Bloodbrothers||Thomas Stony De Coco|
|Days of Heaven||Bill|
|1980||American Gigolo||Julian Kaye|
|1982||An Officer and a Gentleman||Zack Mayo|
|1983||The Honorary Consul||Dr. Eduardo Plarr||a.k.a. Beyond the Limit|
|1984||The Cotton Club||Dixie Dwyer|
|1986||No Mercy||Eddie Jillette|
|Power||Pete St. John|
|1988||Miles from Home||Frank Roberts, Jr.|
|1990||Internal Affairs||Dennis Peck|
|Pretty Woman||Edward Lewis|
|1991||Rhapsody in August||Clark|
|1992||Final Analysis||Dr. Isaac Barr||Also executive producer|
|1993||Mr. Jones||Mr. Jones|
|Sommersby||John Robert 'Jack' Sommersby|
|1996||Primal Fear||Martin Vail|
|1997||The Jackal||Declan Joseph Mulqueen|
|Red Corner||Jack Moore|
|1999||Runaway Bride||Homer Eisenhower "Ike" Graham|
|2000||Dr. T & the Women||Dr. T|
|Autumn in New York||Will Keane|
|2002||The Mothman Prophecies||John Klein|
|Chicago||William "Billy" Flynn|
|2004||Shall We Dance?||John Clark|
|2005||Bee Season||Saul Naumann|
|2006||The Hoax||Clifford Irving|
|2007||The Hunting Party||Simon|
|I'm Not There||Bob Dylan as Billy The Kid|
|The Flock||Agent Erroll Babbage|
|2008||Nights in Rodanthe||Dr. Paul Flanner|
|Hachi: A Dog's Tale||Parker Wilson||Also producer|
|Brooklyn's Finest||Eddie Dugan|
|2011||The Double||Paul Shepherdson|
|2013||Movie 43||Boss||Segment "iBabe"|
|2014||Henry & Me||Henry||Voice|
|Time Out of Mind||George Hammond||Also producer|
|2015||The Second Best Exotic Marigold Hotel||Guy Chambers|
|2016||Norman: The Moderate Rise and Tragic Fall of a New York Fixer||Norman Oppenheimer|
|2017||The Dinner||Stan Lohman|
|Three Christs||Dr. Alan Stone|
|1975||Chelsea D.H.O.||Milo||Television film|
|Strike Force||Officer Walter C. Spenser|
|1976||Kojak||Geno Papas||Episode: "Birthday Party"|
|1993||And the Band Played On||The Choreographer||Television film|
|2001||The Simpsons||Himself (voice)||Episode: "She of Little Faith"|
|2014||Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey||Clair Cameron Patterson (voice)||Episode: "The Clean Room"|
|2019||MotherFatherSon||Max Finch||8 episodes|
Awards and nominations
- NLS Other Writings: Say How, E-H – National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS) | Library of Congress. Loc.gov. Retrieved on September 8, 2019.
- The CMU Pronouncing Dictionary. Speech.cs.cmu.edu. Retrieved on September 8, 2019.
- Lazic, Elena (November 14, 2016). "How American Gigolo flipped Hollywood sexism on its head". Little White Lies. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
- Roberts, Gary Boyd. "#74 Royal Descents, Notable Kin, and Printed Sources: The New England Ancestry of Actor Richard [Tiffany] Gere". New England Historic Genealogical Society. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Famous birthdays for Aug. 31: Richard Gere, Van Morrison". United Press International. August 31, 2019. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
- Stated in interview on Inside the Actors Studio, 2002.
- Jones, Chris (December 27, 2002). "Richard Gere: On guard". BBC News. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
- "Richard Gere Interview for Bee Season". The Cinema Source.
- "Actor Richard Gere born". History.com. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
- "Reunion traces hundreds of years of Geer family history". The Day. October 15, 2019. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
- "Richard Gere Biography" Archived May 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Carey Latimore, The Biography Channel; retrieved May 1, 2008.
- "An Officer and a Gentleman". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 4, 2009.
- "THE 55TH ACADEMY AWARDS – 1983". Oscars.org. Retrieved June 23, 2017.
- "Officer and a Gentleman, An". Goldenglobes.com. Retrieved June 23, 2017.
- "Richard Gere". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 4, 2009.
- "Richard Gere". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 4, 2009.
- "Richard Gere". Goldenglobes.com. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
- "Top 5 worst Irish accents in films". Metro. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
- "Shall We Dance". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 4, 2009.
- "Bee Season". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 4, 2009.
- "Nights in Rodanthe (2008)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 4, 2009.
- "Turkeys! The 100 Worst Movies of 2008". The Times. December 8, 2008. Retrieved May 4, 2009.
- "Nights in Rodanthe". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 4, 2009.
- Siegel, Tatiana (April 18, 2017). "Richard Gere's Studio Exile: Why His Hollywood Career Took an Indie Turn". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
- "Arbitrage (2012)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved June 26, 2017.
- Travers, Peter. "Arbitrage". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 26, 2017.
- Rosen, Christopher (January 22, 2012). "Richard Gere in 'Arbitrage': Sundance Film Festival's First Oscar Contender?". moviefone. Retrieved March 30, 2014.
- Lumenick, Lou (January 21, 2012). "Sundance 2012 Oscar Watch: Gere soars in 'Arbitrage'". New York Post. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012. Retrieved March 30, 2014.
- Barylski, Nicole. "Richard Gere Receiving Lifetime Achievement In Acting At Hamptons International Film Festival". Hamptons.com. Retrieved June 26, 2017.
- "Richard Gere will receive the "Hollywood Career Achievement Award" at the 2012 HFAs". Hollywood Film Awards. Retrieved June 26, 2017.
- "Gere, Binoche honored at CIFF opening". Daily News Egypt. November 30, 2010. Archived from the original on December 10, 2010. Retrieved December 1, 2010.
- Riley, Jenelle. "Richard Gere on the Desperate but Optimistic 'Norman' and 'Pretty Woman' Original Ending". Retrieved June 29, 2017.
- Lemire, Christy. "Norman". Rogerebert.com. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
- Tapley, Kristopher; Riley, Jenelle. "Oscars: 13 Deserving Contenders From 2017 So Far". Variety.com. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
- "Gere: A Song-And-Dance Man?". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
- "11 things you didn't know about Richard Gere..." Womansown.co.uk. August 27, 2015. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
- "Richard Gere in Bodh Gaya to attend Dalai Lama's discourse". Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
- Yahlin Chang, 'Red Corner,' Newsweek (New York) November 10, 1997: Gere has already been banned from entering China for his pro-Tibet activities.
- Laurence Caracalla, Harrison Ford, Silverback Books, 2007, pg. 93.<-- ISSN/ISBN needed-->
- "Richard Gere profile". Hello.
- "Richard Gere: Man of masks". The Independent. London, UK. December 1, 2007.
- Siegel, Tatiana (April 18, 2017). "Richard Gere's Studio Exile: Why His Hollywood Career Took an Indie Turn". The Hollywood Reporter.
- Steger, Isabella (March 28, 2019). "Why it's so hard to keep the world focused on Tibet". Quartz.
- "Lancia Delta "Richard Gere" TV Commercial". paultan.org.
- Richard Gere Ingin Kembali ke Candi Borobudur Archived June 30, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- "Richard Gere Biography". The Biography Channel. Archived from the original on March 30, 2014. Retrieved May 12, 2007.
- Healing The Divide Archived June 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- The Gere Foundation; retrieved May 12, 2007.
- "Richard Gere cleared of obscenity". BBC News. March 14, 2008. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
- "We Are One". survivalinternational.org.
- Eede, Joanna (2009). We are One: A Celebration of Tribal Peoples. Quadrille Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84400-729-5.
- "Richard Gere, Charlize Theron join in the Bush bashing". Orange County Register. September 4, 2007. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
- "Juliette Binoche and Richard Gere greet the press". Al-Masry Al-Youm. December 1, 2010.
- "Seeing the stars in Cairo". Egyptian Gazette. December 27, 2010. Archived from the original on July 4, 2011.
- "Celebs endorsing presidential candidates". CBS News. October 18, 2016. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
- "Richard Gere: There Is 'No Defense' of Israel's Occupation or 'Illegal' Settlements". Newsweek. March 13, 2017.
- "A Supreme Being". People.com. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
- Esquire: The Magazine for Men. United States: Esquire Pub., 1995.
- Robin Adams Sloan (March 21, 1982). "Show Stoppers". Democrat and Chronicle.
- Bykofsky, Stu. "Norman Mailer's Norristown mistress: I've been defamed". www.inquirer.com.
- "Dawn of An Era". PEOPLE.com.
- "Rockin' Rodkin". Los Angeles Times. August 30, 2009.
- Burroni, Christine (March 8, 2019). "Diane von Furstenberg confirms she hooked up with Richard Gere".
- "From the Jet Set to Your TV Set, Dallas' Barbara Carrera Knows Her Role—Lady of Mystery". PEOPLE.com.
- Liz Smith (January 28, 1983). "Carson's Field day with the press". New York Daily News.
- Edwards, Michael (1988). Priscilla, Elvis, and Me. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0312022689.
- Britton, Ron (1998). Kim Basinger: Longer Than Forever. Blake Publishing. ISBN 1857823257.
- "Model makes up with Oxford don father". The Telegraph.
- "Ciao Tina".
- "Dalila Di Lazzaro: "Ho perso mio figlio, poi la carriera con un incidente aereo e per una buca sono stata costretta a letto per anni"". Il Fatto Quotidiano. March 5, 2019.
- "Richard Gere, Padma Lakshmi split, 'would be better as friends'". Los Angeles Times. October 14, 2014.
- Silverman, Stephen (November 15, 2002). "Gere, Lowell Get Married". People. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
- Jewel, Dan (February 21, 2000). "Role Change". People. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
- Ross, Barbara (May 1, 2015). "Richard Gere, Carey Lowell still fighting over money in divorce case". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- Ross, Barbara. "Richard Gere finalizes divorce settlement with Carey Lowell after more than a decade of marriage – NY Daily News". Nydailynews.com. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
- Ale Russian (April 23, 2018). "All About Richard Gere's 35-Year-Old Wife Alejandra Silva: An Activist from Spain's Elite Circle". Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- "Richard Gere, 68, expecting baby with new wife, 35: Report". www.msn.com. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
- Meechan, Lauren (August 8, 2018). "Richard Gere, 68, 'expecting first child with Alejandra Silva, 35,' months after they wed". Express.co.uk. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
- Chloe Melas. "Richard Gere, 69, and wife Alejandra welcome baby boy". CNN. Retrieved February 12, 2019.
- "Richard Gere and wife welcome baby son – report". www.msn.com. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
- Moniuszko, Sara M. "Richard Gere, 70, welcomes baby no. 2 with wife Alejandra Silva". USA TODAY. Retrieved July 29, 2020.
- "Richard Gere and Wife Alejandra Silva Welcome Second Child". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 29, 2020.
- "Richard Gere: My Journey as a Buddhist". Shambhala Sun. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
- "Famous Vegans". Vegans Have Superpowers. Retrieved October 12, 2017.
- "Famous Vegetarians and Famous vegans". Veganwolf.com. Retrieved October 12, 2017.
- Parsons, Rhea (March 24, 2011). "Breaking Up With Richard Gere". The 'V' Word. Retrieved October 12, 2017.
Richard Gere is all of these things but there is one thing he's not: a Vegan. He's not even vegetarian.
- "19th Moscow International Film Festival (1995)". MIFF. Archived from the original on March 22, 2013. Retrieved March 16, 2013.
- President Topi dekoron zotin Riçard Gir me “Medaljen e Mirënjohjes”, President of Albania, May 17, 2012 (in Albanian)
- "Richard Gere to receive George Eastman Award". Yahoo News. December 23, 2011.
- Richard Gere at IMDb
- Richard Gere at the Internet Broadway Database
- Richard Gere at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- Hollywood star Richard Gere defends Indian N-tests (AFP) at the Wayback Machine (archived October 9, 1999) (May 23, 1998)
- The Gere Foundation
- The Druk White Lotus School (external link) of which Gere is an Honorary Patron
- Melvin McLeod (1 May May 1999) Richard Gere: My Journey as a Buddhist