Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton
|Headquarters||One Liberty Plaza|
New York City
|No. of offices||16|
|No. of attorneys||1,200+|
|Major practice areas||General practice|
|Key people||Michael Gerstenzang, Managing Partner|
|Revenue||$1.214 billion (2017)|
|Company type||Limited liability partnership|
Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP (known as Cleary Gottlieb) is an international white shoe law firm headquartered at One Liberty Plaza in New York City. The firm currently has additional offices in Washington, D.C., Hong Kong, Beijing, London, Rome, Milan, Brussels, Moscow, Frankfurt, Cologne, Paris, Buenos Aires, São Paulo, Abu Dhabi, and Seoul. It employs over 1,200 lawyers worldwide. It was the first U.S. firm qualified to practice law in Japan, and it has represented governments throughout Latin America.
The firm was founded in 1946 when six partners from the firm of Root, Clark, Buckner & Howland left to found a firm which they initially called "Cleary, Gottlieb, Friendly, & Cox." One of those partners was Henry Friendly, whose name was removed from the firm's name after he was appointed as a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in 1959. Melvin Steen was among the founding partners.
The New York office is situated in One Liberty Plaza, across the street from the World Trade Center site. The Washington office is located at 2112 Pennsylvania Avenue, five blocks northwest of the White House.
Some of the notable attorneys who have practiced at Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen & Hamilton LLP include U.N. Ambassador and senior diplomat George W. Ball, Judge Henry Friendly, and Melvin Steen. Current notable attorneys include former two-time SEC general counsel David M. Becker; former president of the New York City Bar Association Evan A. Davis; former SEC general counsel Giovanni Prezioso; a former FDIC general counsel; former Acting U.S. Attorneys for the Southern District of New York Lev L. Dassin and Joon Kim; and capital markets lawyer Leslie N. Silverman.
Alumni of Cleary Gottlieb include: Secretary of the Treasury Robert Rubin; a U.S. Supreme Court Justice; a President of the U.N. General Assembly; former RNC Chairman Michael Steele; Harvard Law School professor David Kennedy; Yale Law School professor Amy Chua; author Susan Cain; U.S. National Security Council Director for Russia; Belgium's Ambassador to the United States; Darren Walker, President of the Ford Foundation; and Renaud Laplanche, founder of Lending Club; David W. Leebron, President, Rice University; Jessica Neuwirth, Founder and Co-President, ERA Coalition.
Notable cases and mandates
Cleary Gottlieb has been engaged in several cases involving the restructuring of sovereign debt. "Over the past three decades," noted a 2012 Reuters report, "the firm has become the go-to legal adviser for countries" in financial difficulties. "In the past five years it has represented Greece, the Republic of Congo and the Ivory Coast." These include:
- Advised Argentina in the 2005 restructuring of its $81.8 billion global debt, and in 2012 it represented Greece in the largest ever sovereign-debt restructuring and the largest ever bond exchange. But in 2014, a number of commentators criticized the firm severely for its handling of the Argentinian debt case.
- In 2011, represented the Chinese company Sichuan Hongda Group in its $3 billion investment in Tanzania, a joint venture with Tanzania's National Development Corporation (NDC) that constituted the largest investment venture in East Africa to date.
- Issuer counsel to the Government of Malaysia in its $750 million eurobond offering in 2002.
- Counseled Crédit Lyonnais in its €19.5 billion acquisition by Crédit Agricole SA in December 2002. The entity is now known as LCL (Le Crédit Lyonnais).
- In 2003, advised Deutsche Telekom in its €2.3 billion bond offer.
- Retained as legal counsel by Euronext NV in its €15 billion merger of equals with the New York Stock Exchange in 2006.
- In 2007, legal adviser to T-Mobile in its $2.4 billion merger with SunCom Wireless.
- Defended the Republic of Congo in litigation in the United States arising from attempts to garnish Congo's oil royalties.
- Represented Mittal Steel Czech subsidiary in ICC arbitration claim brought by Dutch contractor.
- Advised Google in its acquisition of Motorola Mobility.
- In 2012, provided legal counsel to T-Mobile US and Deutsche Telekom in connection with T-Mobile US's merger with Sprint Corporation.
- In 2012, international counsel to Greece in a liability management exercise, its financing transactions with the European Financial Stability Facility which involve debt facilities in excess of €150 billion as well as other transactions, such as the €35 billion securities purchase transaction between Greece and the European Central Bank.
- In 2012, international counsel to The Hellenic Republic in connection with its invitation, launched on February 24, relating to approximately €206 billion face amount of Greek bonds held by private sector holders, the largest ever sovereign debt restructuring and the largest ever bond exchange.
- In 2014, represented Russia in the case of Yukos, a company that the Russian government had broken up in 2003, after arresting its owner, Mikhail Khodorkovsky, on charges of tax evasion. Courts in several countries later ruled that the Russian government's real intent was to destroy Yukos, seize its assets, and punish Khodorkovsky, a political enemy. The largest arbitration award in history, $50 billion, was won by Yukos' former owners against Russia. In April 2016, a Dutch Court of the Hague overturned the award.
- In 2014, retained by the government of Puerto Rico, to help in the restructuring of its $72 billion public debt
- In 2017, represented The Dow Chemical Company on the antitrust aspects of its $130 billion merger of equals with DuPont, the third-largest ever.
- In 2018, represented the Walt Disney Company and 21st Century Fox on antitrust matters related to Disney’s $71.3 billion acquisition of 21st Century Fox assets.
- In 2018, advised on the $146 Billion Sprint T-Mobile merger.
Buchheit and collective action
"Much of Cleary Gottlieb's success in sovereign debt," according to Reuters, "is based on the work of partner Lee Buchheit, who has led restructuring negotiations for 20 countries." Buchheit’s "academic papers, books and legal briefs over the past three decades fill much of the void where no formal law exists." For example, in 2002, "Buchheit developed a collective action clause, which says that if a supermajority of bondholders votes in favor of a restructuring, it becomes legally binding for everyone, even for those who voted against it." Buchheit was a lead author of a 2013 Brookings committee report that proposed changes in the approach to sovereign debt, including the collective action clause.
Awards and recognition
- Law360 recognized Cleary in its "Global 20" List of Preeminent Global Law Firms, 2014 
- Cleary was selected as the Americas Law Firm of the Year for 2015 and the Russian Law Firm of the Year from in 2013, 2014, and 2015 by the International Financial Law Review.
- Legal Business ranked Cleary as its Law Firm of the Year in 2013.
- Vault ranked Cleary Gottlieb as the #8 Best Law Firm in 2016, based on prestige to work for from branche-internal surveys. This was a decline from its position of #7 in 2015.
- The Chambers USA Guide gave Cleary Gottlieb the Chambers & Partners' inaugural International Law Firm of the Year award in 2016. 
* In 2016, the website Vault.com ranked Cleary Gottlieb #3 for International Practice and #9 overall in its "Vault Law 100" list. Television producer Doug Liman has cited the firm as an inspiration for the T.V. series Suits.
- In August 2007, Manhattan federal judge Loretta Preska sanctioned Cleary Gottlieb for improperly trying to dissuade a witness, French-Congolese businessman Medard Mbemba, from testifying in Kensington International Ltd. v. Republic of Congo, in which Kensington, which was trying to collect on a nearly $57 million judgment against Congo and Cleary Gottlieb was representing Congo. The firm, Preska wrote, "has shown a willingness to operate in the murky area between zealous advocacy and improper conduct, and here it crossed the line." She imposed monetary sanctions on the firm and ordered that a formal reprimand be circulated to all of Cleary's 950 lawyers, and officially reminded Clearly "that it has obligations beyond representing its client."
- In addition, Cleary attorneys have at various times taken controversial positions in front of U.S. courts. During an October 2013 hearing, Cleary partner, Johnathan Blackman, stated that if the court came to an unfavorable ruling Argentina would not "voluntarily obey." One observer noted that "Argentina's pronouncements, at the very least, have put Cleary Gottlieb in the awkward position of trying to explain to Judge Griesa why he should disregard the public proclamations of its client." Cleary has faced criticism from other commentators who have urged Argentina to fire Cleary Gottlieb, saying the firm failed to protect the national interest.
- In August 2014, Argentina published a two-page ad in The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal stating that it had not defaulted on its debt obligations. Judge Griesa called this a "false and misleading" statement and said that Argentina's lawyers were responsible for monitoring Argentina's statements. One report stated that Griesa, at a meeting in his office in Manhattan, "railed at Argentina’s lawyers from Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton following the publication of another so-called legal notice insisting the government has met its payment requirements and was therefore not in default."
- The U.S. Department of Justice stated in 2014 that Cleary Gottlieb had given incorrect legal advice to BNP Paribas in regard to international transactions, resulting in penalization by US authorities that might otherwise be avoided.
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- "David W. Leebron, President, Rice University". Bloomberg L.P. December 27, 2018.
- "JESSICA NEUWIRTH". Women's Media Center. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
- Longstreth, Andrew. "Argentina debt battle puts NY law firm in spotlight". Reuters. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- Kriegler, Yun. "Cleary and DLA act on Sichuan Hongda's $3bn African energy deal". The Lawyer. Centaur Communications Ltd. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- Amanda Becker (March 27, 2011). "AT&T/T-Mobile merger shifts to Washington". The Washington Post.
- "FG HEMISPHERE ASSOCIATES LLC v. RÉPUBLIQUE DU CONGO". FindLaw. July 10, 2006.
- "OPINION OF CLEARY GOTTLIEB STEEN & HAMILTON LLP". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. June 29, 2007.
- Leigh Jones (August 18, 2011). "Some law firms to lose out in Google-Motorola deal". Reuters.
- Harro Ten Wolde and Sinead Carew (October 3, 2012). "Merged T-Mobile USA, MetroPCS to face tech challenges". Reuters.
- Justin Cash (March 1, 2015). "Cleary Gottlieb called in on Greek debt negotiations". Law.com.
- "Arrest of Russian Opposition Leader Raises Tough Questions for Country's Legal System". russian-untouchables.com. Stop the Untouchables. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- "Russia Loses Major Law Suit In Oligarch Oil Case". Forbes. PARS International Corp. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- "Historic $50B Yukos Awards Overturned By Hague Court - Law360". www.law360.com. Retrieved 2018-01-09.
- MichelleKaske, Michelle Kaske. "Puerto Rico Spends More Than $60 Million on Debt Restructuring". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2016-07-28.
- Chelsea Naso (September 19, 2017). "4 Firms Team Up To Lead Dow, DuPont In Megamerger". Law360.
- Nabila Ahmed (June 26, 2018). "Fox Says Regulatory Risk Could Delay, Derail Any Comcast Bid". Bloomberg L.P.
- Miriam Rozen (April 30, 2018). "19 Law Firms Get Merger Call for $146 Billion Sprint, T-Mobile Deal". The American Lawyer.
- Buchheit, Lee; Gelpern, Anna; Gulati, Mitu; Panizza, Ugo; Mauro, Beatrice; Zettelmeyer, Jeromin. "Debt: Revisiting Sovereign Bankruptcy" (PDF). brookings.edu. Brookings. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- "The default choice". The Economist. September 27, 2014.
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- "Firmwide Awards and Achievements". Cleary Gottlieb. Archived from the original on 2015-07-22. Retrieved 2015-07-22.
- "Law Firm of the Year 2014". legalbusiness.co.uk.
- "Vault.com-Best Law companies to work for-Vault Law 100". vault.com.
- "Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP - New York - Law Firm Profile - Chambers USA 2016". Chambers and Partners.
- "Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP|Company Rankings|Vault.com". Retrieved 2016-08-14.
- "Best companies to work for|Vault.com". Vault. Retrieved 2018-04-14.
- "Interview with Doug Limon of "Suits" on USA Network - Primetime TV Show Articles From The TV MegaSite". tvmegasite.net. Retrieved 2018-04-14.
- Lin, Anthony. "Cleary Sanctioned for Trying to Interfere With Testimony" (PDF). New York Law Journal. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 6, 2014. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- Lin, Anthony. "Cleary Sanctioned for Trying to Interfere With Testimony". The New York Law Journal. ALM Media Properties, LLC. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- Lammi, Glenn. "Judges take harder line against lawyer misconduct". pointoflaw.com. Manhattan Institute. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- Brickman, John. "CIVILITY IN EVERYDAY LAWYERING" (PDF). ackermanlevine.com. Brickman & Limmer, LLP. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- Kanenguiser, Martin. "Vultures: the country spent on lawyers about $ 400 million". lanacion.com. The Economist Newspaper. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
- Frankel, Alison. "Argentina's comments put U.S. lawyers in awkward spot". Yahoo.com. Thomson Reuters. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- Humes, Hans. "Who to blame for Argentina's disastrous default? Its lawyers, of course". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- Hong, Nicole; Huang, Daniel. "U.S. Judge Threatens to Hold Argentina in Contempt of Court". wsj.com. Dow Jones & Company, Inc. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- "Griesa threatens contempt ruling". Buenos Aires Herald. NEFIR S.A. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- Goldhaber, Michael. "The Global Lawyer Clearys Litigation Slump". The American Lawyer. The American Lawyer. Retrieved September 30, 2014.