Compton, Waverley

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Compton
St Mary's Church, Compton, Farnham.jpg
St Mary's Church, Compton
Old Compton Lane, Farnham - geograph.org.uk - 294946.jpg
Typical homes on Old Compton Lane
Compton is located in Surrey
Compton
Compton
Compton shown within Surrey
Area 5.28 km2 (2.04 sq mi)
Population 3,120 (2011 census, historic formal definition)[1]
• Density 591/km2 (1,530/sq mi)
OS grid reference SU856465
Civil parish
  • Farnham
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Farnham
Postcode district GU9
Dialling code 01252
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Surrey
51°12′40″N 0°45′47″W / 51.211°N 0.763°W / 51.211; -0.763Coordinates: 51°12′40″N 0°45′47″W / 51.211°N 0.763°W / 51.211; -0.763

Compton is a former village and today a semi-rural suburb centred 1 mile (1.6 km) ESE of Farnham in the Waverley district of Surrey, England and connected to Farnham by two direct urban single carriageways and green space footpaths along the Wey (North Branch) which in part marks the northern boundary of the area together with the A31. The area relies on Farnham for most of its modern amenities and its eastern part is rural whereas its western part is urban, with a divide where the Wey flows between the two south-eastwards.

History[edit]

Compton has given its name to the local roads Compton Way and Old Compton Lane, and is most formally, though on few modern maps, considered to include (being a medieval-founded tything and manor) Moor Park, Farnham on the left bank of the Wey, further east.[2] Moor Park takes its recent name from Moor Park House the former mansion of Sir William Temple, where Jonathan Swift, author of Gulliver's Travels lived and worked which is a listed building in the mid category, Grade II*.[3] The house dates from 1307 when it was Compton Hall.[3] Compton Woods is an area of woodland with public access.

Having three window bays and two storeys, the present manor house is an ordinary building in a grid of streets towards Farnham proper and was 'probably' built in the mid 19th century.[4] The land of the area was owned or had as overlord above various head-tenants the Bishops of Winchester who in many successions were given the right to live in as their home Farnham Castle across the other side of the town as a result of its founding by William the Conqueror's grandson Henry of Blois and of Winchester.[2]

Amenities and ruins[edit]

Compton has one of three churches of Farnham parish in the Church of England, St Mary's Church, built in 1918.[5] This structure and Christian community building was built from local Bargate stone which is the stone of the Greensand Ridge and is a form of dense sandstone which is also an ironstone.

On the boundary of the area are the ruins of the Cistercian Waverley Abbey managed by English Heritage and Mother Ludlam's Cave, connected by footpaths. The river here is the sinuous west or 'north' branch of the Wey, upstream of Tilford where it combines with the south branch and of the town of Godalming where it becomes navigable.

Demography[edit]

Though widely mapped, Compton is no longer strictly defined, neither as a census unit nor as one of the town's three-member electoral wards. As at the 2011 census it equated to Waverley 004D with most of 004C which is largely urban and includes Farnham railway station and part of the town centre's dual carriageway and a lengthy division: Waverley 003D (which takes in most of its homes and many of the town's businesses to the north of the Sheep and Flock major roundabout and includes Farnham Hospital). Taking the first two wards are covered below to provide for an approximation.

2011 Published Statistics: Population, home ownership and extracts from Physical Environment, surveyed in 2005[1]
Output area Usual residents km²
Waverley 004D - including formally and previous associated Moor Park 1,604 4.72
Waverley 004C - part in modern times identifies significantly with central Farnham 1,516 0.56

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Key Statistics: Population; Quick Statistics: Economic indicators. (2011 census and 2001 census) Retrieved 2015-02-27.
  2. ^ a b William Henry Page (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Farnham: tithing of Compton Hall, Morehouse or Moor Park". A History of the County of Hampshire: Volume 4. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 28 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1319854)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 March 2015. 
  4. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1258086)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 March 2015.  The Manor House, Compton.
  5. ^ Extent of Parish of St Andrew, Farnham and its churches and chapels The Church of England. Accessed 2015-03-20