Cork City F.C.
|Full name||Cork City Football Club|
|Nickname(s)||City, Rebel Army,
|Capacity||7,364, all seated|
|Owner||FORAS (Supporter owned)|
|League||League of Ireland
|2015||Premier Division, 2nd|
|Website||Club home page|
Cork City Football Club (Irish: Cumann Peile Chathair Chorcaí) is an Irish football team that plays in the League of Ireland Premier Division. Founded in Cork and elected to the league in 1984, it was one of the first clubs in Ireland (and the first in Cork) to field a team of professional footballers. With the progression of professionalism at the club, continued development of the Turners Cross stadium and the transition to summer football, the club became one of the biggest and best supported clubs in the country. Between 2008 and 2010 however, the club suffered financial and management issues and entered a period of examinership. While the club's holding company was wound up by the courts, fans were awarded a licence under the name "Cork City FORAS Co-op" and entered a team in the next First Division season. The club subsequently re-acquired rights to the name "Cork City Football Club", and were promoted back to the premier division for the 2012 season.
City's traditional colours are green and white with red trim, and the crest is a variant of the Cork coat of arms. The club play home games at Turners Cross.
- 1 History
- 2 Ownership
- 3 Stadium
- 4 Honours and records
- 5 Players
- 6 Technical staff
- 7 Cork City managers
- 8 Kit and colours
- 9 Supporters and rivalries
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The current club are not the first to use the name Cork City. During the 1920s teams referred to as Cork City competed in both the Munster Senior League and the Munster Senior Cup. A team named Cork City finished as Munster Senior Cup runners up in 1924–25. Another Cork City F.C. also played in the League of Ireland between 1938 and 1940.
Following the bankruptcy of Cork United in 1982, senior football returned to the city with the formation of a new Cork City FC in 1984. Founded by officials from several Cork clubs (including Cork United and Avondale United), the new club was elected to the League of Ireland. Former Chelsea and Cork Celtic player Bobby Tambling was the first manager appointed to the club, but he was replaced by Tony 'Tucker' Allen after only 13 games.
In its first and second seasons, the young club barely averted relegation to the new First Division – failing to win a single game at home in Flower Lodge and avoiding relegation only on goal difference. The FAI Cup offered some respite, however Shamrock Rovers knocked City out in the semi-finals – in the last match played at the Lodge.
In 1986 the club moved to a new home at Turners Cross, where new manager Noel O'Mahony brought Cork to a midtable finish. The following year the club sought to inject a degree of professionalism, and former Ireland striker Eamon O'Keefe arrived as manager, delivering the Munster Senior Cup, and the League of Ireland Cup (the club's first national silverware).
By 1988, Noel O'Mahony was re-installed as manager, and the side finished eighth in the league, and a loss to champions Derry City in the FAI Cup final earned the club its first European ticket. The experienced gained in a 0–6 on aggregate defeat against Torpedo Moscow inspired a fifth-place finish in the Premier Division, and the Munster Senior Cup was reclaimed.
The early 1990s saw lengthy unbeaten league runs, high league positions, retention of the Munster Senior Cup through 4 years, and a number of games in European competition. The most notable European game was a UEFA Cup tie with Bayern Munich, which saw City hold the Germans 1:1 at Musgrave Park before falling 0:2 to late goals in Bavaria. 1993 saw Cork City land the League of Ireland Premier Division title for the first time, after a complicated three team play-off. O'Mahoney resigned and the club moved to a new stadium in Bishopstown at the end of the season.
Damien Richardson took the helm and the 1993/94 season began with City coming from three goals down to beat Welsh side Cwmbran Town in the UEFA Champions League. In the following round they suffered odd-goal defeats both home and away to Turkish side Galatasaray. City finished in runners-up position in the league that year.
1994/95 was a tumultuous season for Cork City. After a strong start to the season, financial pressures forced Richardson to resign and with Bishopstown not being developed to plan, games were switched to Cobh, Turners Cross, and an enforced trip to Tolka Park. O'Mahony was re-appointed as manager but the title challenge collapsed and neither Munster Senior Cup nor League of Ireland Cup successes could ease the sense of foreboding.[original research?]
At the start of the 1995/96 season Rob Hindmarch took the reins, but the club was in trouble. With the stadium dragging it under, the receiver was called in and the club left homeless. Efforts to save the situation saw a new Board installed and a move back to Turners Cross. Penniless, Hindmarch had skimmed along but relegation still threatened, and a Cup exit saw Dave Barry appointed. The team scrambled to ninth in the league, and for the first time in five years City lost the Munster Cup – to Waterford junior side Waterford Crystal.
1996/97 saw City finish in fourth place. The club also narrowly lost out in the League Cup with an unexpected loss to First Division Galway United. Crowds began to increase, and the Munster Senior Cup was recaptured. The following season Cork performed well in the InterToto Cup and the team improved to third in the league. Dave Barry's reign reached its high point in that year, when City won the 1998 FAI Cup. Cork began the following season with eight straight wins but in the end had to settle for second place, as three defeats to champions St Patrick's Athletic were costly. After finishing runner up for the second season in a row in 1999/2000, Barry resigned to be replaced by Colin Murphy.
Colin Murphy stayed for one FAI Super Cup game before departing to Leicester City just days before a UEFA Cup game. His replacement, Derek Mountfield, lasted less than a season and was replaced by former player Liam Murphy. Under Murphy, City embarked on a 13-game unbeaten run that brought an Intertoto ticket and a tenth Munster Cup success.
In 2001, a controversial link-up was proposed between City, English side Leicester City and local outfit Mayfield United. Fans protested however, and the link-up never materialised. Also in 2001, the board of directors stepped down and businessman Brian Lennox assumed control and lead the club to a professional era.
2002 was most notable as a time of transition, as several older players, who had been a mainstay of the team in the 1990s, left the club or joined the coach staff. They were replaced by younger signings – such as George O'Callaghan, John O'Flynn and Dan Murray.
In February 2003 ex-St. Pat's manager Pat Dolan was unveiled as the new boss and he led City to third place in the new summer season. Dolan's second season as manager also proved successful, as City surpassed Malmö FF and NEC Nijmegen in the Intertoto Cup and secured second place in the league.
Dolan was controversially sacked in pre-season 2005 and replaced by former manager Damien Richardson. In 2005, Richardson lead Cork City to their second league championship – winning on the final day of the season with a 2–0 victory over Derry City. In the same year, Cork City finished runners-up the FAI Cup.
2006 saw further upgrade work begin at Turners Cross and City met Apollon Limassol and Red Star Belgrade in the UEFA Champions League. The club lost to Drogheda United in the Setanta Cup Final, finished 4th in the league, and secured a place in the Intertoto and Setanta Cup.
At the start of the 2007 season, two new signings were deemed ineligible for play. This mirrored an inconsistent season start, with elimination from the Setanta Cup, a home win against St. Pat's and a record-equalling 4–1 defeat to Sligo Rovers. In August 2007, Roy O'Donovan left for Sunderland for a record LOI fee of €500,000. 2007 also saw the club's ownership change hands: from chairman Brian Lennox to venture capital firm "Arkaga". Despite an FAI Cup win, manager Damien Richardson's future at the club was in doubt, and – after some acrimony – he and the club parted ways.
In January 2008, former Longford Town boss Alan Mathews became manager, and the club signed several players – including taking advantage of FIFA's changes to the "3 club" rule by re-signing George O'Callaghan from Ipswich Town. However O'Callaghan was later dropped and released. City were knocked out of the first qualifying round in European competition by FC Haka. While David Mooney retained the league's top scorer spot, City failed to take points from Bohemians or St. Pats and finished fifth in the league. The club did however gain some silverware, beating Glentoran in the Setanta Sports Cup final. Off the pitch the club suffered a considerable threat when, in August 2008, after investment difficulties with venture capital firm Arkaga, the club entered into examinership. With debts of up to €800,000, cost cutting measures were implemented. Under related rules, the club was docked 10 points in the league. In October 2008 the High Court ruled in favour of Tom Coughlan's bid to take over the club, and ended the examinership.
Paul Doolin replaced Mathews as manager for the 2009 season, and the side gained a number of positive results early in 2009 – including defeating Roy Keane's touring Ipswich Town 2–0. Despite these on pitch results however, the club's future was left in considerable doubt following a High Court decision on outstanding Revenue receipts. A "winding up" order was issued when no agreement could be reached on tax payments. The club were given several extensions to pay or to appeal, and the club narrowly staved off closure by meeting a final deadline. Doolin left at the end of 2009, after leading the club to a third-place finish in the 2009 premier division season.
Fallout from the financial and management difficulties in 2008 and 2009 followed the club into the new decade. Roddy Collins was appointed manager before the start of the 2010 season, despite questions over his contract status at Floriana F.C.. Mounting pressure on owner Tom Coughlan (including threatened boycotts and censure by the FAI) resulted in his resignation as chairman. Club participation in the Premier Division was also left in doubt as licensing decisions were deferred pending changes in club ownership and payment of outstanding tax receipts.
Despite some temporary stays, and several months of court and legal wrangling, the club ultimately failed to gain a licence, meaning a deal on new ownership could not be secured, and the courts enforced a winding-up order on Cork City Investment FC Limited. Cork City fans entered the League of Ireland 1st Division with a new company under the name Cork City FORAS Co-op in the immediate aftermath of the winding up of the holding company CCIFC Ltd. The name of the club was restored on 1 June 2010 when FORAS completed the purchase of the rights from Cork City Investments FC Ltd's liquidator. The team continued to compete in the League of Ireland as Cork City FORAS Co-op for the remainder of the season – though the club and most Irish media returned to calling the club Cork City FC, and supporters used this name during the entire period regardless.
Tommy Dunne (formerly assistant manager to Paul Doolin) was appointed first team manager, and oversaw the 2010 season in which City's young players received recognition. A number of players were called-up and played for the Ireland U23s, and others to the Ireland U21s. Shane Duggan, and Graham Cummins were both named in the PFAI First Division Team of the Year, while Cummins won the PFAI First Division Player of the Year award and was joint top-scorer in the First Division with 18 league goals. Cork ultimately finished 6th in the First Division in 2010.
In 2011 the club won the First Division, on the last day of the season, securing promotion to the premier division. The team also reached the league cup final losing to Derry City in a game played at Turner's Cross. The club were knocked-out of the 2012 FAI Cup by Shamrock Rovers in the third round, and finished sixth in the 2012 Premier Division league competition.
A disappointing start in 2013 led to the removal of Tommy Dunne as manager in August, with Stuart Ashton overseeing the remainder of the season and a sixth-place finish at the end of 2013. Former veteran player and record scorer John Caulfield was appointed manager in 2014, and oversaw unbeaten runs at the start and end of the season – keeping pressure on league-leaders Dundalk. However, despite pushing the title to a final day decider, Caulfield's side failed to pick up points from Dundalk and finished second in the 2014 Premier Division competition. The club were also runners-up in the 2015 season, again finishing second to Dundalk.
Cork City FC is owned by its supporters through a supporters' trust – the Friends of the Rebel Army Society. This trust elects a Board of Management to run the football club, but the major decisions must be made at Annual General Meetings or Extraordinary General Meetings. The Board of Management appointed two club administrators (Kevin Mullen and Eanna Buckley) for the day-to-day operations of the club.
Honours and records
|League of Ireland Premier Division||1992–93, 2005|
|FAI Cup||1998, 2007|
|League of Ireland Cup||1987–88, 1994–95, 1998–99|
|Munster Senior Cup||1987–88, 1989–90, 1990–91, 1991–92, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1996–97, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2000–01, 2001–02, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2004–05, 2008|
|Setanta Sports Cup||2008|
|A Championship Shield||2008|
|U21 League Champions||2002–03, 2003|
|U21 Cup Winners||2004|
|U20 Cup Winners||2008|
|U19 League Champions||2011–12, 2012–13, 2013–14|
|U19 Cup Winners||2011–12, 2012–13|
|FAI Youth Cup Winners||2000, 2006, 2009, 2011|
|Capital of Culture Cup||2005|
|Futsal League of Ireland||2009|
|Record league victory||(a) v Athlone Town 7–0, 10 September 2011|
|Record league defeat||(a) v Derry City 2–7, 27 August 1987|
|Longest unbeaten run||24, 1 April 1990 – 13 January 1991|
|Most Successive wins||9, 27 March 2009 – 5 June 2009|
|Most appearances||John Caulfield – 455|
|Most starts||John Caulfield – 376|
|Most consecutive starts||Michael Devine – 118|
|Most substitute appearances||John Caulfield – 79|
|Aggregate||John Caulfield – 129, Pat Morley – 129|
|Season||Graham Cummins – 24 – 2011 (First Division), Pat Morley – 20 (Twice) (Premier Division)|
|Game (including national cup competitions)||Ciarán Kilduff – 4 Vs. Shelbourne, 10 October 2013|
|Clean Sheets||Phil Harrington – 112|
Hall of Fame
|2009||Colin T O'Brien|
|2010||Dave Hill Derek Coughlan|
|* The "Cork City Official Supporters Club Hall of Fame" was inaugurated in 2006 – following a charity match between the Supporters Club and a "Legends" selection of past Cork City players.|
|Season||Points Total||Position||Season||Points Total||Position||Season||Points Total||Position|
|UEFA Champions League/European Cup||8||2||1||5||7||12|
|UEFA Cup/Europa League||14||2||3||9||6||20|
|UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||4||1||0||3||2||9|
|UEFA Intertoto Cup||16||4||6||6||11||13|
|1989–90||Cup Winners' Cup||Torpedo Moscow||0–1||0–5||0–6|
|1991–92||UEFA Cup||Bayern Munich||1–1||0–2||1–3|
|1993–94||Champions League||Cwmbran Town||2–1||2–3||4–4|
|1994–95||UEFA Cup||Slavia Praha||0–4||0–2||0–6|
|1997||Intertoto Cup||Standard Liège||0–0|
|Intertoto Cup||Maccabi Petah Tikva||0–0|
|Intertoto Cup||1. FC Köln||0–2|
|Intertoto Cup||FC Aarau||0–0|
|1998–99||Cup Winners' Cup||CSKA Kyiv||2–1||0–2||2–3|
|1999–2000||UEFA Cup||IFK Gothenburg||1–0||0–3||1–3|
|2000–01||UEFA Cup||Lausanne Sports||0–1||0–1||0–2|
|2001||Intertoto Cup||FHK Liepājas Metalurgs||0–1||1–2||1–3|
|2004||Intertoto Cup||Malmö FF||3–1||1–0||4–1|
|Intertoto Cup||NEC Nijmegen||1–0||0–0||1–0|
|Intertoto Cup||FC Nantes Atlantique||1–1||1–3||2–4|
|UEFA Cup||Djurgårdens IF||0–0||1–1||1–1|
|UEFA Cup||Slavia Praha||1–2||0–2||1–4|
|2006–07||Champions League||Apollon Limassol||1–0||1–1||2–1|
|Champions League||Crvena Zvezda||0–1||0–3||0–4|
|2008–09||UEFA Cup||FC Haka||2–2||0–4||2–6|
|2015–16||UEFA Europa League||KR Reykjavík||1–1||1–2||2–3 (aet)|
- ^ Cork City won on the away goals rule.
- ^ The format of the 1997 Intertoto Cup was a group of five teams, playing each other only once.
- ^ Cork City won on the away goals rule.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
|Assistant coach||John Cotter|
|Assistant coach||Billy Woods|
|Goalkeeping coach||Phil Harrington|
|Doctor||Dr. Gerard Murphy|
Cork City managers
|1984–85||Tony 'Tucker' Allen|
|2013||Stuart Ashton (interim)|
Kit and colours
The club's colours largely reflected the traditional colours of association football in Cork, with green and white featuring heavily. Since the club's inception in 1984, the kits also featured a red trim – influenced in part by the traditional Gaelic Athletic Association colours of County Cork. Over the years, these base colours were worn in different combinations: originally green and white hoops in 1984, then white shirts with green and red trim in 1989, etc.
In 1997, the club broke with tradition to use a red and white kit – reminiscent of the popular Cork County GAA kits. Subsequently, the club reverted to the green and white theme in 2002, initially with white sidings rather than stripes, but eventually returning to green white and red stripes.
Since 1984, the team only wore a kit with a single solid colour once, and at that not by choice. In 2004, when visiting Intertoto cup opponents NEC Nijmegen, the referee deemed both Cities' kits to clash with both of NEC's, and the club was forced to hurriedly source a viable alternative while en route to the Netherlands. The team wore all-white with a makeshift crest and sponsorship.
There was a recurring theme of black away kits – often with yellow trim – reflecting the kits of former Cork clubs. In 2004 a Cork XI selection featuring many City players faced Bolton Wanderers, wearing yellow and black. Black again became the colour of the team's away jersey in 2008 with a jersey from Danish sports outfit Hummel.
In 2010, the club kept with tradition by wearing a green home kit with red and white trim manufactured by Hummel. The away kit is red with white trim, reminiscent of the 1997–2001 home kits, Cork GAA kits. These kits will be used for the 2010 and 2011 seasons. City wore red at home for the first time since the 01/02 season on 10 September 2010 against Mervue United to show support for the Cork Gaelic Footballers who were due to face Down in the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final the following weekend.
On 2 November 2011 the club announced Umbro Ireland as the club's official kit partner to encompass three seasons: 2012, 2013 and 2014. In February 2015, the club's official kit partner was named as Nike, with gear provided by Teamwear Ireland for the 2015, 2016 and 2017 seasons.
Supporters and rivalries
The Rebel Army have one of the biggest support bases in the League of Ireland, often having attendances of four of five thousand compared to a Premier Division league average of approximately 1,500. The club currently had an average attendance of 3825 in the 2014 season, the highest in Ireland, and more than 1300 more than the second highest average.
"The Shed" is a section of seating in the Curragh Road stand which is home to Cork City's more vocal supporters. Before redevelopment, this was the location of the 'Shed End' terrace, which was knocked in 2005. Just below this section in the Derrynane Stand, is a small terraced area where break-aways of the Shed End congregate. This group are commonly referred to as 'The Corner Boys'. The Family Enclosure is a specified area in the top right hand corner of the main 'Donie Forde' stand, where families and children watch games in a less boisterous atmosphere than that of the Shed End.
Given the geography of the club, and the fact that it is a one city team, Cork City has no direct or local derbys of note. Cobh Ramblers are located 20 minutes away from the city, but given that Cobh have played in the First Division for the majority of Cork City's existence, there has never been significant rivalry between the clubs, and many City fans will watch Cobh if Cork City were not playing on that night. Some rivalry exists between Cork and Dublin clubs, with games against the bigger Dublin clubs providing a good atmosphere at Turners Cross. When playing the other Munster-based clubs Waterford United and Limerick FC, the games are always labelled as 'The Munster Derby', and these away games routinely draw travelling fans from Cork City.
Launched in 2007, "Going Commando" is currently Cork City's only fanzine. Other past fanzines have included "FourFiveOne" (discontinued in 2006) and "I was out there once!" (IWOTO).
- Sunday Business Post – "Eircom League rocked by Cork City’s financial difficulties" – 17 August 2008 ("Cork City is one of the biggest and best supported teams in the league")
- RTÉ Sport – City are no more as deal collapses – 22 February 2010
- RTÉ Sport – Cork City Foras prepare for new season – 24 February 2010
- Corkcityfc.net – News – 1 June 2010
- "Cork crowned champions at Tolka Park". RTÉ Sport. 30 October 2011.
- Mallow United history (1927–1928)
- Munster Football Association
- RTÉ – Richardson and Cork agree exit deal – 20 December 2007
- RTÉ Sport – Mathews confirmed as new Cork manager – 15 January 2008
- RTÉ Sport – Cork City 2–1 Glentoran – 1 November 2008
- Irish Examiner – "Arkaga defends its role at Cork City" – 18 August 2008
- Irish Independent – Cost-cutting plan leaves Cork City staring into abyss – 28 August 2008
- FAI docks ten points from Cork but promises to help solve crisis – 29 August 2008
- Irish Times – Doolin confirmed as Cork's new manager
- Irish Independent – Keane backs Rebel cause – 20 July 2009
- RTÉ – City could go bust in two weeks – 13 July 2009
- "End game for Cork". Irish Independent. 28 July 2009. Retrieved 28 July 2009.
- "Cork City set to be wound up". RTÉ Sport. 27 July 2009. Retrieved 27 July 2009.
- Irish Times – Cork face going to the wall – Friday, July 31
- RTÉ – Cork City given Revenue lifeline – Friday, 31 July 2009
- BreakingNews.ie – High Court strikes out order to have Cork City wound up – August 6, 2009
- RTÉ – Cork City confirm Doolin's exit – 1 December 2009
- Roddy Collins appointed as manager – CorkCityFC.ie
- Irish Independent – Floriana threaten Collins with court – January 8 2010
- Irish Examiner – Cork fans’ group set to boycott City games if Coughlan stays as chief – December 19 2009
- Irish Times – Court dismisses bid by Cork City FC chairman to overturn suspension – 28 January 2010
- Irish Independent – Coughlan hit with 12-month ban as Cork farce escalates – December 18 2009
- BreakingNews.ie – Coughlan to step down as Cork City chairman – 28 January 2010
- Irish Independent – Cork's temporary reprieve causes top-flight disarray – 16 February 2010
- Irish Times – Cork City put out of business
- "Despite heartache for fans and players, the harsh reality is that City got what they deserved". Irish Independent. 24 February 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
- "Republic of Ireland U23 1–2 England 'C'". Retrieved 27 May 2010.
- "U23s prepare for Estonia test". Retrieved 9 October 2010.
- "Morrissey Called Up to Under 21 Squad". Retrieved 13 November 2010.
- "King looks at home based players for Under 21 squad". Retrieved 13 November 2010.
- "PFAI Award Nominations 2010". The Irish Times. Retrieved 22 October 2010.
- "Ryan scoops PFAI award". Irish Independent. Retrieved 13 November 2010.
- Airtricityleague.ie – Cork stun Shels to claim First Division title – 29 Oct 2011
- Extratime.ie – Derry Win EA Sports Cup
- "Cork City end Dunne's reign as manager – RTÉ Sport". Rte.ie. 3 August 2013. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
- "Airtricity Premier Division Team of the Week: Healy impresses as Cork extend unbeaten run". Goal.com. 24 April 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
- "Dundalk and Cork face title showdown". RTÉ Sport. 24 October 2014.
- "Dundalk crowned Premier Division champions (Dundalk 2–0 Cork City)". RTÉ Sport. 25 October 2014.
- "Cork City nail down second spot". Irish Examiner. 31 October 2015.
- "Mullen appointed to General Manager position of Cork City". Cork City FC. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
- "Buckley appointed to Club Administrator position of Cork City". Cork City FC. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
- "Turners Cross Seating Plan". Cork City FC. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
- CorkCityFC.ie – Kits image
- "corkcityfc.net: City to Wear Red on Friday". airtricityleague.com. 8 September 2010. Retrieved 8 March 2010.
- "Cork City apologise to fans who were locked out of Turner's Cross". TheJournal.ie. 25 April 2015.
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