League of Ireland
|Country||Ireland (19 teams)|
|Other club(s) from||Northern Ireland (1 team)|
|Number of teams||20|
|Level on pyramid||1–2|
|Domestic cup(s)||FAI Cup
|League cup(s)||League of Ireland Cup|
|International cup(s)||UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
|Current champions||Dundalk (Premier Division)
Limerick (First Division)
|Most championships||Shamrock Rovers (17)|
|TV partners||RTÉ 2
|2016 League of Ireland|
Founded in 1921, as a league of eight clubs, it has expanded over time into a two-tiered league of 20 clubs. There are currently two divisions: the Premier Division and the First Division. The league was governed by its members, the clubs, from its foundation until 2006, when it entered into a five-year merger with the Football Association of Ireland. In 2010, its members voted to renew the merger once the current agreement expires. The league has suffered severe financial problems in recent years due to mismanagement and overspending by its clubs. In 2007, it became the first major league in Europe to introduce a salary cap.
The league includes one club from Northern Ireland, Derry City. Derry City formerly played in the Irish Football League, but voluntarily left the Northern Irish league during the 1972–73 season because of safety and security concerns. Derry City joined the League of Ireland in 1985, with special dispensation from the Irish Football Association (IFA) and UEFA. They won promotion to the Premier Division in 1987.
The League of Ireland is currently ranked 42nd of the 55 national leagues under UEFA jurisdiction. The league's most successful club is Shamrock Rovers, with 17 League of Ireland titles won. They are one of four clubs in Ireland, with Dundalk, Bohemians and Shelbourne, to sport a golden star above their badge in recognition of winning ten titles. Bohemians are the only club with a non-broken membership of the league since its inception. St. Patrick's Athletic and Bohemians are the only clubs that have never been relegated from the League of Ireland Premier Division. The League of Ireland is classed as a summer league as its seasons begin in March and finish in November. The league is currently sponsored by SSE Airtricity and therefore officially known as the SSE Airtricity League.
- 1 History
- 2 Champions
- 3 Format
- 4 European qualification
- 5 League of Ireland clubs
- 6 Under 19 Elite League of Ireland
- 7 Media coverage
- 8 Sponsorship
- 9 First Division
- 10 Rivalries
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
The Football League of Ireland was established in 1921. It was known as the 'Free State League' between 1922 and 1937. It initially consisted of eight teams from Dublin. St James's Gate were the inaugural winners of the league and the FAI Cup. The league expanded numerically and geographically during its first decade of existence, but was dominated by Dublin's three main clubs, Shamrock Rovers, Bohemians and Shelbourne. Dundalk became the first club from outside of the capital to win the league, in 1932–33. The 1930s saw another championship victory for a provincial side, with Sligo Rovers claiming their first league title in 1936–37, while Shamrock Rovers won a further three during the decade. The League of Ireland was dominated by Cork United during the 1940s. The club won five league titles between 1941 and 1946, including three in succession, but resigned from the league in 1948. The following decade was marked by the emergence of St Patrick's Athletic and the re-emergence of Shamrock Rovers. The former succeeded in winning the title at the first attempt, in 1951–52, and claimed a further two in the middle of the decade. The Coad's Colts earned Shamrock Rovers the league title for the first time in fifteen years, in 1953–54, and won two more during the latter half of the decade.
Drumcondra and Dundalk claimed two League of Ireland titles each during the 1960s but Waterford secured their status as the team of the decade with four league titles, including three in succession between 1967 and 1970. Six clubs won the League of Ireland title during the 1970s with Waterford, Bohemians and Dundalk winning two titles each. Athlone Town won their two league titles at the start of the 1980s but the decade was marked by the four successive league titles won by Shamrock Rovers' Four in a row side. That team broke up following the sale of Glenmalure Park in 1987 and Dundalk and Derry City stepped in to claim the remaining titles of the decade with Derry winning the Treble in 1989, four years after entering the League of Ireland. The 1990s saw the re-emergence of St Patrick's Athletic, as the club secured 4 league championships during the decade, following years of obscurity. The turn of the millennium was marked by the first of five titles in seven years for Shelbourne, a first title in 23 years for Bohemians and the league's switch to a Summer Soccer (March–November) schedule. Cork City denied Shels' a third league title in a row when they claimed their 2nd championship in 2005, defeating fellow challengers Derry City in a last game decider at Turners Cross. The 2nd half of the decade saw the beginning of the 5-year merger with the FAI and the financial collapse of a number of league winning clubs, due to overspending and mismanagement. Shelbourne were demoted to the First Division after their title win in 2006, while Drogheda went into examinership in 2008, having won the League of Ireland the previous year. Cork City also entered into examinership in the same year, and nearly went out of existence . Derry City were thrown out of the League of Ireland at the end of the 2009 season for producing false documents regarding player contracts and thus breaking the League's participation agreement. Bohemians entered a period of severe financial trouble in 2010 after a decade of accumulating massive debts in the payment of full-time players and staff.
- Cork Celtic was known as Evergreen United before 1960.
- Clubs in Italics no longer exist.
The format of the league changed regularly during the first three decades of its existence. The number of teams competing in it varied from eight to twelve, although a double round robin system remained throughout. The 1950s marked the beginning of a period of consistency, as the league persisted with a 12 team format from 1951–52 to 1961–62. Qualification positions for European competitions were introduced during the period. The 12 teamed/2 rounded format was used for most of the 1960s, until 1969–70, when the league was expanded to 14 clubs. This format remained until 1977–78, when an additional 2 clubs were elected to the league. The format returned in 1982–83, following 5 years of the 16 team league, but the 1980s were marked by the introduction of a second tier to the league. The League of Ireland First Division was founded in 1985, containing 10 of the 22 clubs competing in the league. A system of promotion and relegation was introduced in the league, replacing the previous method of election.
A third round of fixtures was added to both divisions for the 1987–88 season, replacing the double round robin system. The points system of the league was changed in 1993–94, with 3 points awarded for a win. The previous method of 2 points for a win had existed since the league's inception, excluding two seasons of experimental points systems in the early 1980s. The format remained until 2002–03, when the season was deliberately shortened to ease the transition to "Summer Soccer". The Premier Division was cut to 10 teams while the First Division played only 2 rounds of fixtures. The first season of summer soccer saw the introduction of a fourth round of fixtures to the 10 team Premier Division, while the 12 teams in the First Division played each other on 3 occasions. The system was unpopular amongst the majority of managers, players and club officials within the league, according to a League of Ireland review conducted in 2009. The format changed again in 2012 with 12 teams in the Premier Division playing each other 3 times.
Promotion and relegation
Currently, the team that finishes bottom of the Premier Division is automatically relegated to the First Division. Likewise, the team that finishes top of the First Division is automatically promoted to the Premier Division. The team placed 11th in the Premier Division faces the winner of a play-off between 2nd and 3rd place in the First Division. The winner of this match, known as the promtion/relegation play-off, takes their place in the Premier Division the next year. At present there is no relegation from the First Division. Expressions of interest for application to the League of Ireland are extended to potential participants on occasion, with Cabinteely F.C. becoming the latest club to enter the First Division, replacing Shamrock Rovers B.
The top teams in the Premier Division qualifies for the UEFA Champions League second qualifying round. The second-placed and third placed-teams and winners of the FAI Cup qualify for the UEFA Europa League first qualifying round. They must go through four two-legged knockout ties respectively to enter the second round group phase of that competition. If it were to happen that a cup winner has already qualified for the UEFA Europa League via the league, the cup-win qualification will take prominence and the league-place qualification will be transferred to the next team who finished below them in the league. However, if the case is that the cup-winner has already won the league, that team will take a place in the UEFA Champions League qualifying rounds, and the next highest placed team in the league that has not already qualified will take the last UEFA Europa League spot. In 2011 Shamrock Rovers became the first team in Irish footballing history to reach the group stages of the Europa League.
UEFA coefficient and ranking
The League of Ireland's UEFA coefficient accumulates to a total value of 5.125 as of September 2013. Between 1998 and 2010, the league's place on the coefficient table rose 15 places, the biggest climb of any league in Europe. Its position of 29th in 2010 was also its highest since 1986. Since June 2010, the league's ranking has declined and it stood at 43rd place at the end of the 2013/2014 season, a drop of 14 places since 2010 and the league's worst ranking since 1998.
In the 2000s, the League of Ireland's coefficient vastly improved relative to the late 1990s, but at a cost. The introduction of full-time professional football by a number of clubs and the league's move to Summer Soccer at the beginning of the 2003 season, aided progress in European competition. Increased fitness levels resulted from both, while full-time professionalism retained Irish players within the league, attracted foreign players to the league and generally improved the standard of football. At least one League of Ireland club has progressed to the next round of a European competition in every season from 2003 to 2014. Shelbourne and Bohemians signalled the start of a rapid upturn in 2000–01, with wins in the Champions League and UEFA Cup respectively. The 2004–05 UEFA Champions League saw Shelbourne progress past KR Reykjavík and Hajduk Split to reach the 3rd qualifying round of the competition. Victories over Swedish clubs became the main focal points of the progress for a few seasons after that: Cork City defeated Djurgården in 2005, having beaten Malmö 4–1 on aggregate in 2004, while Derry City beat former UEFA Cup winners IFK Göteborg 2–0 on aggregate in 2006. In 2008–09, Drogheda concluded 3 successive seasons of victories in the 1st qualifying round of European competitions with a narrow defeat to Dynamo Kyiv.
However, the costs associated with professional football proved to be unsustainable for the vast majority of clubs involved. Shelbourne accumulated millions of Euro worth of debt and were demoted in 2007, while Drogheda entered into examinership in 2008 with a deficit of more than €732,000. Derry City were thrown out of the league in 2009 for producing false documents regarding contracts, in an effort to hide their financial position, while Cork City went out of business as their holding company Cork City Investments Fc Ltd was wound up in 2010 after an extended period of financial trouble though fans group FORAS rallied together to set up a new club.
This period of improvement came to an end in 2010 with the league's ranking dropping. From 29th in 2010, it dropped to 31st in 2011, 33rd in 2012, 36th in 2013 and 43rd for the 2014 rankings. The league recovered to 40th for the 2015 rankings and finished 41st in the 2016 rankings.
League of Ireland clubs
Former League of Ireland clubs
Under 19 Elite League of Ireland
On 21 April 2011 the Football Association of Ireland announced the formation of a new Under 19 Elite League. The idea behind this development was to create a clear pathway for young players in Ireland to ultimately progress into the first teams of League of Ireland clubs.
||2011–12, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2015|
The television rights for the SSE Airtricity League are negotiated by the FAI with the individual broadcasters RTÉ and Eir Sport. Under the current deal RTÉ will show 78 league and FAI Cup games beginning in August 2014 up to November 2018. While Eir Sport will show 9 league games a year and the final of the League of Ireland Cup. RTÉ also produce a highlights show Soccer Republic airing every Monday throughout the league season at 11:05 
The FAI agreed a deal with TrackChamp in 2015 to show all Premier Division Fixtures from the 2016 Season onwards in all countries outside Ireland. The deal allows any person with an active bwin account to watch the matches on a live stream. The camera uses sensors to track the ball. The footage captured will also be offered to the clubs as means of reviewing the game.
The League of Ireland was sponsored by Irish telecommunications company, Eircom from 2000 to 2008. The League of Ireland had been sponsored by Bord Gáis during the early 1990s. The league had no title sponsor in 2009, but had a number of secondary sponsors including Newstalk and Electronic Arts. In 2010, Airtricity signed a three-year deal to become the title sponsor of the League of Ireland.
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- "Bohemians lose court case over Dalymount – €60m deal now in doubt". Herald.ie. 7 November 2008. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
- Daniel McDonnell (3 December 2009). "FAI reject change to league format". Irish Independent. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- UEFA country ranking, xs4all.nl, accessed 13 July 2013
- Daniel McDonnell (22 June 2009). "Poisoned chalice or holy grail?". Irish Independent. Retrieved 26 October 2009.
- "Mahon slams rivals on Euro gambles". Irish Independent. 23 July 2010. Retrieved 23 July 2010.
- Noel O'Reilly (23 February 2010). "Cork City put out of business". The Irish Times. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
- Airtricity (21 April 2011). "U19 Seminar a big success". League of Ireland. Retrieved 21 April 2011.